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Transcript of Qin Dynasty
Political By Jessica H. Contents History Society/Government
The Artifact The Accomplishments History http://www.imperialchina.org/Qin_Dynasty.html http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/qin/ The Accomplishments The Main Ideas of the Dynasty Society/Government Emperor Qin did many things to sustain Qin City. One major thing in politics that he did was that he declared himself emperor. No citizens, or anyone for that matter, could decline the new emperor. He did this so that all military, politics, and economy was in his hands. One major achievement that I will mention later, is that the Great Wall of China was built under his command. The government didn’t help people because in order to keep people from thinking freely, emperor Qin Shi Huang burned books that could have changed or influenced people’s mind. In his second year of being emperor, he discovered that some scholars were starting to have discussions about his arrogance so he hunted them down and buried 460 of them alive. However, while this was going on, he still managed to find time and servants/followers to build the great wall of China and the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses. He was one tough emperor!! The Qin Dynasty lasted from 221 B.C.E. to 207 B.C.E. It lasted only 15 years but it was the first Dynasty to be multi-national and power centralized. The state was only ever ruled by two different emperors. Yingzheng, or also known as Emperor Qin Shi Huang, and Emperor Hu Hai. The state was overthrown by an uprising. At one point, when Yingzheng was emperor, he defeated all the other states. (Han, Zhao, Wei, Yan, Chu and Qi) http://history.cultural-china.com/en/167History9476.html The Main Ideas of the Dynasty Qin City was around for longer than the Qin Dynasty survived. The History of the Qin Dynasty starts back in about 700 B.C.E. There was no real important details for around this time, so not much of it has been researched for this particular time era in this specific location. However, there are stories, that have not been proven, but to the best of our ability so far, this is most current story. The Qin City was under rule of Fei Zi, and in 673 B.C.E. Qin rulers decided to head east. The Qin didn't try to conquer any surrounding states at this time because they feared that if a large portion of their army left to conquer someone, that another state would come in and attack. They did not want to take any risks. 1. Legalism: In this meaning, legalism was “political philosophy that upholds the rule of law”. Legalism was the most important ideas of the Qin Dynasty.
Some of the main parts that legalism played: • Fa: Law or principle. The code must be written neatly and easily to be understood. The laws must be made public. The law should honor those who obey it and punish those who will break it. This was made so that even a poor ruler could remain strong, as long as the law was followed. • Shu: method or tactic. The emperor must have “secret” tactics in order to stay ahead. These tactics must make it so that nobody could try to overtake the emperor. • Shi: power or charisma. It is the position of the ruler that has the power, not the person who is ruling. 2. Unification: The Qin Dynasty, and mostly its emperor, wanted China to be unified once again. He wanted China as one, not divided into states. The emperor soon got his wish, after he wiped out all the other states. The Government was quite simple. The empire was divided into 36 sections. Each section was divided into districts. Emperor Qin Shi Huang put two government officials in charge of each section. Those people were then in charge of hiring strong people to be in charge of each district within their section. The people would report to their supervisors. People at each level supervise those below them. Achievements Terra Cotta Warriors The Great Wall of China The government was an authoritarian type of government. The Dynasty represents this type of Dynasty because it had a small amount of people who had a lot of authority, and that the government was very power-centralized and there wasn’t anyone who would think of challenging the government. The third thing that proves that it was an authoritarian government, is that it didn’t let people have their own beliefs or make their own choices, that to avoid a rebellion, everything had to be set out for the citizens. The next emperor was Qin Shi Huang’s son, Hu Hai. When Qin Shi Huang died, Hu Hai was his first son, and therefore he became emperor. Hu Hai didn’t get to rule for long though, because soon after he came into power, there was an uprising. The Dynasty did have an influence outside of China because, obviously that’s why we are learning about it today, and because it caused a lot of rumors because of what the emperor did. I mean, Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor (kind of obvious because his name means “first emperor”). The Dynasty definitely unified China because the Emperor conquered all other states so that China could be as one again. The laws were made by emperor Qin Shi Huang. The laws were pretty fair to everyone because it was an authoritian government, meaning that he believed that everybody was bad.