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Russian Rev's

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Alyssa Balarinni

on 26 October 2012

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Transcript of Russian Rev's

Damary, Alyssa and Glenda The Russian Revolutions Leaders of the Countries in 1917 Major Events July - December 1917 Brief Description of the
Russian Revolutions How did the Germans benefit from the Bolshevik Revolution? Why didn't the war end in 1917? Timeline How did the Russian Revolution weaken its Allies? Feb - Oct 1917 War of Attrition WWI There was a new Provisional Government after the Russian Revolution in February swept away the Tsarist regime. The new Provisional Government promised to fight by "peoples war." Hoping to have strong enthusiasm throughout the country the war under the new democratic regime failed due to the Russians state to fight. Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg Georg Michaelis Kaiser Willhelm Aristide Briand Alexandre Ribot Paul Painlevé Georges Clemenceau Raymond Poincaré President King Victor Emmanuel III Paolo Boselli (1916-1917) Emanuele Orlando (from Oct.1917) Emperor Karl I Count István Tisza (until 1917) Count Móric Esterházy (June-Aug 1917) Sándor Wekerle ( Aug.1917 Oct.1918) King George V David Lloyd George(from 1916) Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) Tsar Nicholas II Rev. swept away Tsarist Regime "Provisional Government" 1st promised to fight peoples war Hoped that war under new Democratic Gov't = Popularity Russia in no shape to fight Morale = Low & Discipline = undermined by Bolsheviks July = Badly planned attack on Austrians in Galicia ends in rout October = Bolsheviks gain power and are determined to get Russia out of war Soldiers threw hand granades for months upon months, but when they were instructed to leave the "saftey" of their trench, they became apprihensive. The only way to gain land, or an advantage, was by crossing "no man's land", the space of land that gaurenteed death. Most men would be gunned down before even coming close to the other side. By 1917, the Allies were starting to run low on young men. Calling America? The allies were hoping that the US would come to the rescue with their vast amount of resources and men to provide for the war, but contrary to popular belief, the US was aprihensive to join. The US was set on their idea of Isolationism and believed that there was no need to get involved in a war so far away, and so out of context. Lusitania & Zimmerman Telegraph
On April 6, 1917, the United States officially declared war on Germany. July 2 1917 General John Joseph Pershing makes a request for an army of 1,000,000 men. July 16 1917 The third battle of Ypres begins (Passchendaele) September 1 1917 Germany takes the northernmost end of the Russian front in the Riga offensive (Russian Offensive Operation) October 24 1917 There is an Austria-Germany breakthrough on an Italian Front (Caporetto) November 7 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Communist government. Vladimir Lenin taking office. November 20 1917 British Tank Corps in a surprise attack on the German lines near Cambrai, France. December 7 1917 The Uited States declares war on Austria-Hungary December 9 1917 The Fall of Jerusalem December 22 1917 Brest-Litovsk RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS 1st Russian Revolution February 1917 No leaders. Erupted spontaneously without planning and leadership. 2nd Russian Revolution October 1917 Vladimir Lenin a Russian communist taking over. He convinced the Bolshevik Party's Central Committee to take over government by military force. Leon Trotsky joined the Bolsheviks prior to the Revolution. He then became a leader within the party. A major figure. He led and planned the actual insurrection The Germans benefited from the Bolshevik Revolution after the signing of the Treaty of Brest - Litovsk. According to the terms of that peace treaty, Russia lost more than one quarter of her agricultural land (Ukraine, Byelorussia and the Baltics), about a third of the nation's population, almost all of her coal mines, more than half of her industries and a large part of the nation's income. Why was the Battle of Cambari a pointer to the future? It was faught in Nov/Dec of 1917
This is were the future as you know it was a pointer
This was the 1st battle to use tanks in massive amoubts
the tank force was divided up into groups
these bundles of brushwood were dropped in the enemy trenches
Cambrai was an important town as it contained a strategic railhead (German trusted that to be an advantage)
well.. Germans were surprised by British tanks that advanced the ground supported by infantry
however from the lack of tank and infantry reserves, Germany won back the land they lost
the British lost over 44 thousand men during the battle
Germans lost about 45thousand
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