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The Home Front
Transcript of The Home Front
happened to the British public from
evacuations to rations. The
home front was a great help to the
public and soldiers in WW2.
The Home Front
Evacuations or "Operation Pied Piper"
The first official evacuation happened on the 1st September 1939 , two days before the declaration of war. However by January 1940 almost 60% had returned to the homes and families. With in a couple of months around 100,000 children were evacuated many re-evacuated, this was because Germans now occupied most of France. When the Blitz started on the 7th September 1940, the small amount of children who were still in the major cites were evacuated.
Children evacuations often started with a walk to school; this must have been an emotional time because it would have been the last time children and there families would have been together. From the school, it would either be a walk to the station or a short bus ride. As children were ushered into the special trains, policemen, soldiers and wardens checked ticket while parents tried to say their final goodbyes.
This would be the final time parents and relatives might ever get to see their children. Many parents whose children had come back after the original evacuation were reluctant to send them away again.
For many children, the journey took several hours.It would have been very boring with only a card pack. I imagine that most children under six would have been upset, however under four they might not know what was going on. The worst bit of the journey was the hour or two where the evacuees sat in the town hall and were inspected by prospective carers like cars at an auction.
When things were rationed:
1939 - Petrol rationing (ended May 1950 )
January 1940 - Rationing of bacon, butter and sugar
March 1940 - All meat was rationed
July 1940 - Tea and margarine were added to the list of rationed foods.
March 1941 - Jam was put on ration.
May 1941 - Cheese was rationed
June 1941 - Rationing of clothing (ended 15 March 1949)
June 1941 - Eggs were put on ration
July 1941 - Coal was rationed because more and more miners were called up to serve in the forces.
January 1942 - Rice and dried fruit were added to the list of rationed foods.
February 1942 - Soap was rationed so that oils and fats could be saved for food.
February 1942 -Tinned tomatoes and peas were were added to the list of rationed food.
March 1942, coal, gas and electricity were all rationed
July 1942 - Rationing of sweets/chocolate. Each person was allowed about 200g (half a pound) every 4 weeks.
August 1942 - Biscuits rationed
1943 - Sausages are rationed
****** 1945 World War Two Ends *********
Rationing continued on many items until 1954.
1948 - The end of rationing begins. It is another 5 years before rationing of all products is stopped.
July 1948 - end of flour rationing
March 1949 - end of clothes rationing
May 1950 - rationing ended for canned and dried fruit, chocolate biscuits, treacle, syrup, jellies and mincemeat.
September 1950 - rationing ended for soap
October 1952 - Tea rationing ended
1953 - Sweet and sugar rationing ends
July 1954 - Food rationing ends
The first ration was Petrol in 1939.
It stayed rationed till May 1950. By the
mid point in the war, food, clothes and
petrol were rationed. The only way to buy
sweets or limited things was to queue
up in your local town.
Many of the children would have become home sick. That explains why after the first evacuation in 1939 so many went back to the families. There was no one to comfort them because they would not have great confidence in their new foster parents.
Books : Children during wartime by Brenda Williams
Britain at war : Women's War by Martin Parsons
The home front by Brenda Williams
Websites : BBC history / evacuation
Wikipedia / evacuation / WW2