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FCE Overview (Final)

Overview of FCE parts with LOTS of Strategies & Techniques gleaned from all over the web. (You will probably want to pick and choose which parts to use in different sessions rather than presenting the whole thing at once.) :)
by

Valerie Harden

on 9 March 2016

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Transcript of FCE Overview (Final)

Writing
Overview and Tips
Use of English
FCE Exam
Speaking
Listening
Word Formation
Example
Strategies
Multiple Choice Cloze
Example
Strategies
Reading &
Multiple Choice
Example
Read the
questions first
.
Underline the
Key Words
.
Don't
read the
answer choices.
Answers are
in order
in the text, so:
Read until you find topic 1
(Read the whole paragraph)
Try to answer question 1.
Repeat.
Be SURE you can
justify
each answer!
Strategies
Gapped Text
Example
Multiple Matching
Example
Interview
Email
Narrative
Example
Read the

statements first
.
Look
before and after
each gap
Underline
Key Words
.
Predict
what's missing.
Listen for
paraphrases
.
Make notes
the first time it plays,
check
the second time.
Make sure your
grammar
is correct.
Strategies
Open Cloze
Example
Strategies
Key Word
Example
Strategies
Report
Plan
Article
Plan
Review
Plan
Long Turn
Strategies
Discussion
Strategies
Collaborative Task
Strategies
Example
Transformation
Multiple Matching
Example
Completion
Sentence
Multiple Choice
(long)
Multiple Choice


Example
Great site for
extra practice with UOE skills:
http://www.flo-joe.com/fce/students/wordbank/
Watch Out for
DISTRACTORS!
The
SAME WORD
appears in both the question and the text
The
SAME INFORMATION

in an answer choice
exists
in the text, but
doesn't answer the question.
An answer choice
MAKES SENSE
to you, but
isn't
actually found
in the text
.
Strategies
Read the
questions first
.
Underline the
Key Words
.
Read the text
before and
after
each blank.
Complete the
easiest
blanks first,
then return for the harder ones.
Check for
anchor words
:linkers, time, pronouns.
Re-read
. Does it make sense?
Strategies
Read the
statements first
.
Underline the
Key Words
.
Read one article.
Tentatively
note
all the statements
that match it.
Be prepared to
change
them!
Repeat
for the other articles.
NOTE: Answers are
not in order
.
Be SURE you can
justify
each choice!
Read the
entire selection
, to get a general idea.
Think about the
meaning
of the missing word.
Look at the words
before
and
after
the gap.
Try to
eliminate
three other options
Read the whole text
through. Does it sound right? Is the grammar correct?
Need to know:
commonly confused words
collocations
fixed phrases
Read the
whole text
to get an idea of meaning.
To fill each gap:
Read the words
before
and
after
it.
Think about what
part of speech
you need.
Consider
function
words.
Read
the whole finished text. Does it
sound right
AND
make sense
?
Need to know:
relative pronouns
auxiliary verbs
pronouns
articles & quantifiers
conjunctions & linkers
prepositions
"Function Words" including:
Need to know:
Comparative & Superlative
Direct & Indirect Speech
Auxiliary Verbs Passive Voice
Conditionals Phrasal Verbs
Gerunds vs. Infinitives
Think about the
meaning
of the first sentence?
How else
could you say that?
Notice the parts that are in
both
sentences.
Remember the
RULES
:
You must
use the keyword
, unchanged.
Use
2-5
words
.
The sentences must have the
same meaning
.
What
grammar
do you need to use?
Will changes make
something else
change?
NOTE:
Always answer!
You could get 1/2 points!
Need to know:
internal transformations
prefixes
suffixes
Read the
whole text
, to get a general idea.
If a word pops into your head,
use it
!
What
part of speech
do you need? (noun, verb...)
If you are stuck, try different
prefixes
and
suffixes
.
You may need to make
2 changes
!
Does it need to be
negative
?
Plural
?
Read over the finished passage to
double check
.
Information
Questions are in order.
Somewhat end-weighted
Use 1-3 words
Strategies
Read the

statements first
.
Underline
Key Words.

Listen for
Paraphrases
&
Synonyms
Take Notes!
Circle words
that might be right
Cross off words
that might be wrong
Use
question marks
for maybe.
Second listening
: Check answers!
Don't get behind!
(short)
Listen For:
synonyms antonyms
related vocabulary
contradictory choices
similar wording
Read the

statements first
.
Underline
Key Words
.
Concentrate on the
whole message.
Listen for
paraphrases
&
synonyms
.
The answer is
rarely directly stated
: INFER
One wrong answer
can affect
another!
Make
FINAL
decisions on
2nd
listening.
Much of the text may be
irrelevant
.
The answer could come at
any point
Strategies
Listen for:
perspective opinion
purpose attitude
(dis)agreement
Read the

questions & answers
first.
Underline
Key Words

The questions usually appear
in order,
so listen for general
topics.
Listen for
Paraphrases
&
Synonyms
Take Notes!
Circle words
that might be right
Cross off words
that might be wrong
Use
question marks
for maybe.
Second listening
: Double check answers!
Strategies
The
SAME WORD
appears in both the question and the recording
The
SAME INFORMATION

in an answer choice
exists
in the recording, but
doesn't answer the question.
An answer choice
MAKES SENSE
to you, but
isn't
actually found
in the recording
.
Watch Out for
DISTRACTORS!
The
SAME WORD
appears in both the question and the recording
The
SAME INFORMATION

in an answer choice
exists
in the recording, but
doesn't answer the question.
An answer choice
MAKES SENSE
to you, but
isn't
actually found
in the recording
.
Watch Out for
DISTRACTORS!
Listen For:
synonyms antonyms
related vocabulary
contradictory choices
similar wording
1:00
& 0:30
2:00
& 1:00
4:00
Application
Recommendation
Dear Mary / Aunt Sue / Dad
friendly relaxed, personal style
frequent use of colloquial expressions, idioms...
pronouns are often omitted
chatty, use of literary devices
Best wishes / Love / Yours / Regards,
Peter
For/Against
Solution
Complaint
language
techniques
Opinion
Essay
Linkers
Linkers
State the complaint.
Tell where & when
Specific points with examples or reasons.
Explain what needs to happen (refund...)
I am writing to complain about a cooker I bought from your store last May (MILD)
I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with a cooker I bought from your store last May. (STRONG)
Even though I have only used the cooker a few times, the grill has broken.
I look forward to your reply concerning this matter. (MILD)
I insist that you refund my money at once. (STRONG)
Type of job, How you found out about it.
current job, skills, experience, personal qualities
Contact information.
References.
Interview
With reference to your advertisement in the Post on November 16th.....
I am writing to apply for the position of kindergarten teacher.
I have a B.A. in Chemistry.
I have been working as a...
for the last...
I am extremely patient with...
I attach a reference from my previous employer.
I am available for an interview any day before 4:00
Person's name.
Recommen-dation for what?
Describe relevant qualities.
Give examples
Summarize.
State your recommen-dation
I would like to recommend Rachel Thompson to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature
She is very knowledgeable. She can answer students' questions with ease.
In conclusion, Rachel Thompson is a prolific and creative writer who has produced important works. I believe she deserves the award
(lost luggage)
A letter or email may call for narrative or descriptive techniques. This may be true of emails written in formal or informal style.
The suitcase in question
is blue, made of fabric, about 1 meter tall with 4 wheels
... After that, the official demanded that I pay $100 in US dollars! I didn't have any US dollars, so I had to...
Narrative?
Descriptive?
Formal
Descriptive:
(vacation experience)
Informal
Narrative:
Examples:
greeting
sign off
Informal:
Formal:
Dear Sir / Madam / Mr. Smith,
serious impersonal style
complex sentence structure; frequent use of passive voice; no phrasal verbs; no colloquial English; advanced vocabulary; no short forms
Yours faithfully, / Yours sincerely,
Peter Brown
greeting
sign off
Introduction
state purpose and content
Main Body
Sub headings (2-4)

Conclusion
summarize information
make recommendation
positive & negative points & examples
To:
From:
Subject:
Date:
Header
}
firstly,
in the first place,
to begin with;
secondly, then, furthermore;
finally, last
to list points:
I feel...
I am convinced...
I am confident...
I believe...
to express your opinion:
Presents positive and negative
aspects in order to evaluate
to make concessions:
to add emphasis:
to make suggestions or recommendations:
to conclude:
Especially...
In particular.... Particularity
although...
while...
despite the fact that...

In short, In conclusion
On the whole, To sum up,
All in all,
If we (did this)... One suggestion would be to....
It would be a good idea to.... I (would) (strongly) suggest/recommend....
factual language,
passive voice
full verb forms,
short sentences
Formal, Impersonal Style:
eye-catching title
wide range of vocabulary
vivid description
variety of adjectives
Grab the reader's attention!
Techniques:
narrative,
descriptive
argumentative

Tone:
neutral
friendly
Style: semi-formal
Published in a newspaper or magazine
to express an opinion or describe something
recommend something
provide information
make a suggestion
give advice
Additional Purposes:
formal or informal depending on the intended reader
Style:
Give good reasons!
present tense
background
main points of the plot
general comments & opinion
useful
Introduction (paragraph 1)
State the problem and/or the possible causes
Main Body (paragraphs 2-4)*
Suggested solution
results / consequences
Another suggested solution
results / consequences
etc*
Conclusion (final paragraph)
Summarize your opinion

Introduction (paragraph 1)
Introduce subject & state your opinion
Main Body (paragraphs 2-4)*
Your first viewpoint
reasons/examples
Your second viewpoint
reasons/examples
Opposing viewpoint
reasons/examples
Conclusion (final paragraph)
Restate your opinion in different words
*The number of paragraphs depends on the number of suggestions you want to make.
*The number of paragraphs depends on the number of viewpoints you want to express.
Grab the reader's attention!
The first paragraph should:
and the last paragraph should:
Language
Introduction (paragraph 1)
Introduce the topic
Arguments in favor (paragraph 2)
First Argument
justifications/examples
Second Argument
justifications/examples
Etc.
Arguments against (paragraph 3)
First Argument
justifications/examples
Second Argument
justifications/examples
Etc.
Conclusion (final paragraph)
Give a well-balanced summary
The main/first advantage of...
One point of view in favor of...
It is often believed/argued that...
An additional advantage...
Many people feel that...
Some people are in
favor of...



to show advantages
Secondly,
Thirdly, Finally,
In the first place,
To begin with, Furthermore
Moreover, In addition, Besides
to list and add
points:
to show
disadvantages
to show contrast:
to introduce examples/reasons/results:
to conclude:
On the other hand, However, still, but, Although, Nonetheless, Nevertheless, Even though, Despite...
The main disadvantage/drawback of...
Another/An additional disadvantage of...
One point/argument against...
Many people are against..
Taking everything into account,
Finally, Lastly, , To sum up, All in alll
All things considered, In conclusion,
If we (did this)... One suggestion would be to....
It would be a good idea to.... I (would) (strongly) suggest/recommend....
Example
Example
Example
Example
2:00
Strategies
Extra Listening Practice
(British Accent):
http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/6-minute-english
Full transcript