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Antigone: Ethos, Logos, Pathos

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by

Matthew Starnes

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Antigone: Ethos, Logos, Pathos

Characters:
Who's the Best?
Basic Concepts of Logic:
Antigone!
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Antigone
Creon
Haemon
Pathos:
Logos:
Ethos:
Haemon
Analysis:
Antigone
Creon
Haemon
= Conflict
Son
Fiancée
The use of facts and statistics to support a point
Language that appeals to ones emotions or values
The credibility or reliability of a source
Arguementation/Persuasion

• uses ethos as the son of Creon and as a citizen of Thebes
• The audience trusts Haemon because he bears no heroic qualities and doesn’t have hubris to fall victim to like Creon.
“Even though I’m young, a good idea might come from me: It would be best by far that man be born full of all the knowledge there is, but, if it usually happens not to turn out that way, to learn from those who speak well is a good substitute” (Sophocles 731-736).
Ethos:
uses pathos when he is arguing for Creon to let Antigone go free
makes the audience feel emotionally connected to Antigone
"the city mourns this girl.'No other women', so they are saying 'so underservingly is condemned for such a glorious deed,” ( Sophocles 680-683).
“She’ll not die beside me, and you will never lay your eyes upon my face again, so rage with any of your friends who can bear it” (Sophocles 777-779).
Pathos:
Logos:
uses logos when arguing with Creon about Antigone
“Father, the gods endow human beings with intelligence, which is the greatest of all possessions. I could never-I don’t know how I could say you don’t speak correctly, but sometimes another man’s opinion is also right” (Sophocles 695-700).
Haemon is using facts and examples about the gods to get Creon to change his mind
In Thebes, the gods were usually considered correct
Why?
Best use of Logos and Ethos
He is emotionally connected to Antigone and Creon yet he appears to remain impartial
Who is the best speaker?
Mostly uses pathos
Examples:
Ismene
Creon
Chorus
Ethos:
Lacks ethos
Influenced by his previous command
Biased
Pathos:
Uses emotion to portray Polynices as an enemy of the state
Full transcript