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ch.13 Geography and the Early Settlements of India

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rich canacci

on 15 March 2013

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Transcript of ch.13 Geography and the Early Settlements of India

13.3 Deccan Plateau between Ghat Mountains in the south
flat land with some hilly areas, thin forests & low scrubby bushes
iron rich soil good for growing cotton
dry with few rivers
annual rainfall 30 inches
temperature range 65° - 100° F
SW monsoon season June - October begins NE high in the Himalayas
floods in lower stages during monsoon season; June - October
mineral rich fertile flood plain eventually flowing into the Ganges
annual rainfall 70-150 inches
temperatures range 45° - 85° F Geography and the Early
Settlements of India Chapter 13 13.5 Ganges River 13.6 Himalaya Mountains Unit 3 physical features 13.2 Brahmaputra River 13.4 Eastern & Western Ghats long V shaped coastal mountain chains
steep slopes, narrow valleys
annual rainfall 100+ inches
temperature range 60° - 90° F
heavy monsoon rains support tropical plants & thick hardwood forests
several fast, rocky, cliff plunging rivers flow through lush green mountains begins high in the Himalayas fed by melting ice from glaciers
flows across northern India & through the northern plains where it creates some of the most fertile farmland in the world
annual rainfall 25 - 60 inches
temperature range 55° - 90° F along the northern border
highest mountain range in the world
natural border blocking off Asia
glacier covered, fierce storms during monsoon season June - October (ten feet of snow @ a time)
annual snow 20 inches
temperatures range from freezing to minus 76° F
geologically active plate boundary 13.7 Hindu Kush Mountains 13.8 Indus River 13.9 Thar Desert barrier between India & Afghanistan
among the highest ranges in the world with peaks almost 5 miles high
Khyber Pass is the only way through the ranges to India
annual snow/rain 15 inches
temperature range from 25°- 75° F begins high in the Himalayas & Hindu Kush fed by melting ice
flows across & through Pakistan, empties into the Arabian Sea where in its lower stages it creates some most fertile farmland in the world
annual rainfall 5 - 20 inches
temperature range 65° - 90° F Deccan Plateau Brahmaputra River Eastern & Western Ghats Ganges River Hindu Kush Indus River NW India
sandy & stoney with little plant life; grass & low hardy shrubs
dust storms common
many lizards, snakes, birds & gazelles
annual rainfall 4 - 20 inches
temperature range 45° - 120° F
rare rain in the monsoon season; June - October Thar Desert Himalayan Mountains page 123 13.10 Early Settlements in India the first Indians settled near rivers which provided plenty of water and some of the most fertile farmland on the planet
first settlements were along the Indus river and the Sarasvati, an ancient river that once flowed through what is now the Thar Desert
settlements sprang up along the Ganges shortly after
by 2500 BC there were walled civilizations in the Indus-Sarasvati floodplain 13.1 Introduction -early towns appeared in 2500 BC in the subcontinent of Asia known as India
-over 2000 years civilizations developed (2500-500 BC)
subcontinent- separate part of a continent
physical features- appearance of the land
monsoon- winds bringing heavy rain
plateau- flatter elevated area Early Settlements in India
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