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CIA vs. KGB: The Cold War Era

Freshmen Foundation Seminar Research Presentation

Abbey Brundage

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of CIA vs. KGB: The Cold War Era

The Cold War Era CIA vs. KGB Espionage Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Actions of the CIA Actions of the KGB Cold War Espionage Requirements to Become an Operative An independent civilian intelligence agency of the United States Government
Passage of the National Security Act of 1947
President Harry S. Truman
Purpose-Collecting information, providing insight, warning and opportunity to the President to protect America, and conducting covert affairs at the direction of the President in the interest of America 1946 VENONA Project
Meredith Gardner's codebreaking discovered Soviet spy within Manhattan Project
1959 Corona (satellite)
Discover IV was the first CORONA satellite with an IMINT camera
1960 U-2 incident
Pilot Francis Gary Powers' Lockheed U-2 spy plane was downed by a Soviet SAM
1985 Military Liaison Missions
On a mission to photograph soviet tank storage building, US Intelligence officer Major Arthur D. Nicholson was killed by soviet soldier. 1941 Nuclear espionage
GRU re-established contact with Klaus Fuchs, who transferred from British Tube Alloys program to the US Manhattan Project in 1943
1942 Nuclear espionage
US communist Jacob Golos placed the Julius and Ethel Rosenburg cells of engineers in direct contact with the Soviet intelligence operatives in New York
1944 Nuclear espionage
Yuri Modin began leading the Cambridge Five ring of atomic spies
1949 Nuclear espionage
Mossad agent assumed, seeing CIA agent James Jesus Angleton dining with Cambridge mole Kim Philby, that the former had turned the latter into a triple agent
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
Under the pseudonym of Aleksandr Fomin, the KGB Station Chief inWashington propsed the crisis' diplomatic solution
1964 Operation Neptune
Ruse was used to indicate West Germany's spies remaining from WWII had been exposed. Intelligence gathering activities during the Cold War between NATO and the Warsaw Pact
Intelligence on the opposing side's intention, military, and technology was of paramount importance since each side was preparing to fight each other
Both sides relied strongly on military and civilian agencies, such as the CIA and KGB The art of obtaining information in a clandestine manner which is typically illegal and punishable by law
The art of espionage dates back to ancient Egypt and the Roman empire
Most famous case of espionage
Cold War Era between USA and USSR Russian-комитет государственной безопасности
English-Committee for State Security
National security agency for the Soviet Union from 1917 until 1991
Purpose- established to be premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization for the government during the October Revolution and reign of the Bolshevik state Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti
(KGB) College degree
Interest and knowledge in one of the following categories
Analytical thinking
Business, IT, and security
Clandestine service
Foreign language
Science, engineering, and technology
Clean record
Highly competent in your field
CIA requires a 3.0 GPA on 4.0 scale or better
Knowledge or willingness to learn foreign languages
Personable and adept social skills
Physical and mental fitness
Must be a legal citizen of the country you work for Intelligence and International Relations in the Early Cold War by Christopher Andrew
Central Intelligence Agency Website and World Factbook
Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (FSB) Website Press and Publications
The Encyclopedia of Cold War Espionage by Richard C. S. Trahair and Robert L. Miller Resources
Full transcript