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Outdoor Activities Presentation

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Michaela Pruitt

on 12 May 2010

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Transcript of Outdoor Activities Presentation

Outdoor Survival by, Heather, Rebekah, Ashli, & Michaela. Surviving a Mountain Lion Attack: 1. Use any weapon-like object to fight with
2. Fight with all your might, once a mountain lion is attacking nothing short of killing or seriously injuring the mountain lion will stop it.

3. Try to remain on your feet. Surviving a Bear Attack: 1. Urine will not get bears away.
Pee is an interesting smell to
bears thus they are drawn to it.
Not all people agree that urine
attacts bears, the Get Bear Smart
society believes that pee does
deter bears, however it is best to
pee away from camp just in case. 2. Do not run. The bear
will chase you, and win. Rabies: Stage 1
• Initial Period of vague
symptoms, lasting two to
ten days
• Vague symptoms may
o Fever
o Headache
o Malaise
o Decreased appetite
o Vomiting
• Pain, itching or numbness
and tingling at the site of the
Rabies: Stage 2 •Patients often develop difficulty in swallowing (sometimes referred to as “foaming of the mouth”) due to the inability to swallow saliva- even the sight of water may terrify the patient.
•Some patients become agitated and disoriented, while others become paralyzed.
•Immediate death, or coma resulting in death from other complications, may result.
Survival & Animal Attacks: What to do if you are lost: #1: Stay Calm #2: Hug a Tree #3: Distress Signal Don't Panic!

Adrenaline + endorphins = naked in the woods Stay put!
1-6 yrs .5 miles up & .5 miles down
7-12 yrs .7 miles up & 2.1 miles down
13-15 yrs 3.6 miles up & 4.3 miles down
Hunters 2 miles up or down
Choose a good tree:
Thin forest or clearing
Avoid deep old growth pine. Use reflectives in the daytime

Fire/lights in increments of 3

Write words for aerial searchers.

Whistles (you can make one!)

Morse code (...---...) Wilderness First Aid:
1. Remain calm
2. Keep the patient warm and lying down.
*Do not move this injured person until you have discovered the extent of the injuries.
3. Start mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration immediately if the injured person is not breathing
4. Stop any bleeding
5. Give your patient reassurance.
*Watch carefully for signs of shock
6. Check for cuts, fractures, breaks and injuries to the head, neck or spine.
7. Do not allow people to crowd the injured person.
8. Do not remove clothing unless it is necessary.
9. Decide if your patient can be moved to a proper medical facility. If this is not possible, prepare a suitable living area in which shelter, heat and food are provided.
Factors to consider to get your first aid kit together: - the number of people participating- where are you going for your wilderness trip- how long will you be away on your trip- how far are you from medical assistance- what are you going to do? Every wilderness first aid kit should include: - Basic bandages for:
blisters- blister pads
sprains- assorted elastic bandage, athletic tape
wound- sterile bandage, band-aid, tape
-Basic medications:
painkiller, antiseptic, anti-diarrhea, bug spray and any prescription.
*Keep track of expiration dates and replace as required.
- Basic first-aid tools:
tweezers, razor blade, scissors or a small knife.
*Additional items depend on your specific needs.
Common First-Aid Needs: Shock
Stopped breathing
Heat exhaustion
Sun stroke
Muscle cramps
Snow blindness
Frost bite
Snake bites
Bee stings
If breathing has stopped, begin mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Place the patient on his/her back and follow these steps:
1. To open the airway lift the patient's neck and tilt the head back.
2. Keeping the neck elevated, pinch the nostrils to prevent air leakage.
3. Place your mouth completely around the victim's mouth and blow, watching for chest expansion.
4. After removing your mouth, listen for air leaving the patient's lungs and watch for the chest to fall. Check for an airway blockage if the chest does not rise.

Repeat these steps approximately 12 to 15 times per minute. If treating a child, cover the nose and mouth with you mouth. Use smaller puffs of air and repeat this method 20 to 25 times per minute.
elevate the wounded area above the heart
apply pressure using gauze
Use pressure at the pulse point between the injured area and the heart if bleeding fails to stop.
If bleeding still persists, use a tourniquet between the injury and the heart.
*This method should only be used in extreme situations.
After bleeding has been controlled, wash the wounded area with disinfectant and apply a dressing and bandages.
Signs that a fracture is present include:
1. Pain at the affected area. 2. The area may or may not be deformed.
3. The victim is unable to place weight on the area without experiencing pain.
4. A grating sensation or sound may be present during any motion of the injured area.

Treatment is as follows:
1. If in doubt, treat the injury as a fracture.

2. Splint the joints above and below the fracture.
3. If the fracture may penetrate the skin, it could be necessary to apply traction to straighten the deformity.
4. Be sure to pad your splints. 5. Check the splint ties frequently to be sure they do not hinder circulation.
6. Cover all open wound with a clean dressing before splinting. SNAKE BITES:

After an attack occurs:
1. Keep the person calm, restrict movement, and keep the affected area just below heart level to reduce the flow of venom.
2. Remove any rings or constricting items because the affected area may swell. Create a loose splint to help restrict movement of the area.
3. If the area of the bite begins to swell and change color, the snake was probably poisonous.
4. Monitor the person’s vital signs -- temperature, pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure. If there are signs of shock (such as paleness), lay the victim flat, raise the feet about a foot, and cover the victim with a blanket.
5. Get medical help immediately.
First Aid Steps: Edibles and How to Find Food in the Wild:
It is important to vary your diet in order
to get enough fat, protein, carbohydrates,
minerals, and vitamins
Water- hydration
Chocolate with nuts and raisins- energy boost
Nuts and seeds- another good source of energy
High energy drink- Lucozade
Beef jerky
Light meal
The Basics: -Plants, fruits, berries, and nuts are one of a survivor's most important foods
-Some common types of edible plants
All acorns are edible
Water lilies
-It is also good to know which plants that should be avoided
-For example, if it has milky sap or light berries it should be avoided
-Mushrooms should also be avoided
Plants, Fruits, Berries and Nuts: Good source of protein and fat
Ants, termites, moths, grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, beetle larvae, caterpillars, spiders are all good insects to eat
But it is a good idea to cook all wildlife before eating it, an easy way to do this with bugs is to roast them over a fire
Edible Bugs: Maintain protein levels by capturing and eating available meat sources
Dig trap holes to catch rabbits or small mammals
Fish and snakes are also a good source of protein
Small Animals:
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