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6.2 George Orwell

Presentation English Literature Project
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on 27 November 2013

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Transcript of 6.2 George Orwell

George Orwell
Dagmar Mul
Merve Kulaksiz
Femke Schaars
Zoë Spaaij

Timeline George Orwell's Life
1903
1922-
1927
1912-
1921
1945-
1949
1950
1933-
1939
1941-
1944
Anecdote
Eric Arthur Blair
Born on 25-6-1903 in Motihari
Father British cival servant
Two sisters
Moved to England when
he was 1 year old
His Books
1933 - Down and Out in Paris and London
1934 - Burmese Days
1935 - A Clergyman's Daughter
1936 - Keep the Aspidistra Flying
1937 - The Road to Wigan Pier
1938 - Homage to Catalonia
1939 - Coming up for Air
1945 - Animal Farm
1949 - Nineteen Eighty-Four

1912-1917
St. Cyprian´s
1917-1921
Eton College

1922
Passed entrance exam of the Indian Imperial Police
Went to Burma (Burmese Days)
1927
Returned to England

1912-1921
1922-1927
1933
Pen name George Orwell
King George & River Orwell
1936
Married Eileen Maud
O´Shaughnessy
1937
Spanish Civil War
1939
Orwell volunteers for military service in World War II

1933-1939
1941
Works for BBC
1943
Works for Tribune
1944
Adopts a son and names him Richard Horatio Blair
Bomb drops near Orwell´s apartment in London
Nobody of his family gets hurt
Home destroyed

1941-1944
1945
His wife dies
1949
Nineteen Eighty-Four
Animal Farm
Marries Sonia Brownell

1945-1949
1950
Died at 21-1-1950 of tuberculosis

• George Orwell’s ‘Animal Farm’ is often used in
modern education
• The book teaches us about the Russian Revolution
• Valuable knowledge, we should think for ourselves
• It changes our mind setting and our perspective

His influence on modern education
Which influence has George
Orwell had until now if we
take a look at work of other
writers and at modern
education?
George Orwell´s ‘Animal Farm’ influenced her work
She was influenced by Orwell’s strong commentary against the totalitarian state


Orwell´s influence on Margareth Atwood´s work
Her book ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ is also an dystopian novel and has a lot of similarities with George Orwells writings

Similarities in the way Orwell and Golding wrote
Also similarities in the topics (political regimes)
His book ‘Lord of the Flies’ looks a lot like ‘Animal Farm’

Orwell´s influence on Sir William Golding´s work
Big Brother Watch
Campaign group which defends
civil liberties and protects their
privacy
They prevent the government to change into a surveillance state (like the government in ‘1984’)



Recent issue in Britain about camera’s inside advertisements screens, which can scan the customers

George Orwell´s prediction
has come true
We hope this
prediction won´t
come true
Introduction
Motivation
The only writer we knew from the list of writers was George Orwell
We came to the conclusion we only knew him by name
We didn´t know much about him

We´ve chosen to discuss Animal Farm and 1984
Quotes
out of his
books
The pigs now revealed that during the past three months they had taught themselves to read and write from an old spelling book which had belonged to Mr. Jones's children and which had been thrown on the rubbish heap. Napoleon sent for pots of black and white paint and led the way down to the five-barred gate that gave on to the main road. Then Snowball (for it was Snowball who was best at writing) took a brush between the two knuckles of his trotter, painted out MANOR FARM from the top bar of the gate and in its place painted ANIMAL FARM. This was to be the name of the farm from now onwards. After this they went back to the farm buildings, where Snowball and Napoleon sent for a ladder which they caused to be set against the end wall of the big barn. They explained that by their studies of the past three months the pigs had succeeded in reducing the principles of Animalism to Seven Commandments. These Seven Commandments would now be inscribed on the wall; they would form an unalterable law by which all the animals on Animal Farm must live for ever after. With some difficulty (for it is not easy for a pig to balance himself on a ladder) Snowball climbed up and set to work, with Squealer a few rungs below him holding the paint-pot. The Commandments were written on the tarred wall in great white letters that could be read thirty yards away. They ran thus:

<THE SEVEN COMMANDMENTS>

It was very neatly written, and except that "friend" was written "freind" and one of the "S's" was the wrong way round, the spelling was correct all the way through. Snowball read it aloud for the benefit of the others. All the animals nodded in complete agreement, and the cleverer ones at once began to learn the Commandments by heart

"Four legs good, two legs BETTER! Four legs good, two legs BETTER! Four legs good, two legs BETTER!"
It went on for five minutes without stopping. And by the time the sheep had quieted down, the chance to utter any protest had passed, for the pigs had marched back into the farmhouse.
Benjamin felt a nose nuzzling at his shoulder. He looked round. It was Clover. Her old eyes looked dimmer than ever. Without saying anything, she tugged gently at his mane and led him round to the end of the big barn, where the Seven Commandments were written. For a minute or two they stood gazing at the tatted wall with its white lettering.
"My sight is failing," she said finally. "Even when I was young I could not have read what was written there. But it appears to me that that wall looks different. Are the Seven Commandments the same as they used to be, Benjamin?"
For once Benjamin consented to break his rule, and he read out to her what was written on the wall. There was nothing there now except a single Commandment. It ran:
ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL
BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS




"The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake...We are different from all the oligarchies of the past, in that we know what we are doing. All the others, even those who resembled ourselves, were cowards and hypocrites. The German Nazis and the Russian Communists came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives. They pretended, perhaps they even believed, that they had seized power unwillingly and for a limited time, and that just round the corner there lay a paradise where human beings would be free and equal. We are not like that. We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means, it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power."
Writing style in Animal Farm
Easy to read
Animal Farm is written like a book for children
The phrase which closes Animal Farm is:

The creatures outside look from the pig to the man, from the man to the pig and again from the pig to the man, but it was already impossible for them to distinguish one from another.
Brief summary on George Orwell´s Life
His style of writing
Animal Farm
1984
His influence on modern education and other writers (after him)
Why did he write the book?
His experiences in the Spanish Civil War with communism prompted him to write Animal Farm
Summary of the book
Animals on a farm dream of revolution
Stratification after the revolution
Two classes
The animals are getting brainwashed
Their living conditions are worse than ever
Characters in Animal Farm
Old Major
Tells the other animals his idealistic dream
Represents the power of speech
Represents Lenin and Marx
Napoleon
The leader of the animals after
Snowball
He disobeyed the Seven Commandments
Twisted the minds of the animals so he
can manipulate them into thinking he
was always right.
He was never true to his word and only
did things for the benefits of himself.
Represents Stalin
Snowball
Squealer
Mr. Jones
First leader of the rebellion
True to his word
Non-manipulative
Stuck with the rules
Represents Trotsky

Napoleon´s spokesman
Farmer of the Animal Farm
until the day he was expelled
Represents Tsar Nicolas II
Boxer

Moses

All the sheep

Mollie

War dogs
Working Class

Russian Orhodox Church

The masses

The bourgeois

KGB

Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
No animal shall wear clothes.
No animal shall sleep in a bed.
No animal shall drink alcohol.
No animal shall kill any other animal.
All animals are equal.

7 commandments
5 commandments
Four legs good two legs better
No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets
No animal shall drink alcohol to excess
No animal shall kill any other animal without cause
All animals are equal but soma are more equal than others
1 commandment

All animals are equal but some are more equal than others
1984
1984
Writing style in 1948
New Speak
Marxism
Stalinism
Class war
Huge gap between working class &
bourgeoisie
Marx & Lenin
Russian Revolution
Orwell respected Lenin & Marx

Dictatorial regime
Not everybody is equal, some people
are more equal (Animal Farm!)
Stalin the one and only leader
Animal Farm & 1984 criticized that
totalitarian regime

A dystopian novel
Opposite of utopian
Horrible society
Written in 1948
After World War Two
Many aspects of Nazi-Germany & Stalin’s totalitarian regime
Most famous dystopian novel ever

1984
George Orwell & the communism
Not against socialism
Against the loose of individuality
Against the totalitarian regime of Russia, China...

created by the government and it rejects al words the government found as threating
you can’t use words that are against the party
a word as freedom in political sense did not exist
so you cannot think in terms of freedom
so you are not free
Slogans of the party: WAR IS PEACE FREEDOM IS SLAVERY IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH
You have to say/do/want/love what the party
says you to say/do/want/love
Different ministries take care that everybody
do what the party/Big Brother wants
Big Brother watches everybody at every time at every place

Big Brother
Winston Smith
He want to escape from the watching eye of Big Brother
He writes a diary (his mental escape)
He meets Julia
Loves Julia and has sex with her
Sex for pleasure is forbidden
Later he is arrested by the police
He gets brainwashed by the police
In the end Winston Smith loves Big Brother

Main character
Conclusion
Revolutionary view
Are
there
any
questions?

Why is Orwell such a famous writer?
Full transcript