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Transcript of Timeline 1713-1850
The Seven Years War
The Seven years war took place from 1754 to 1763 between the British and the French. In the early stages, forts and territory were being captured between the two, but in 1759 the Battle of the Plains of Abraham took place. After that, the British won, and France had surrendered.
The Spanish Succession
The Spanish Succession took place from 1702 to 1713. This happened because the Spanish King (King Charles II) died and their was an argument for the throne (because he did not have any kids or ever married.) Shortly after, a war began.
Treaty of Utrecht
By: Ashley Lo
The Royal Proclamation
The American Revolution
The Constitutional Act
The Treaty of Ghent
The War of 1812
The Durham Report
The Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris was created
at the end of the Seven Years War. It stated that France was to hand over all of their land in North America to Britain.
The Royal Proclamation was made in 1763 by King George II to clarify aboriginal rights and land ownership.
All land not ceded or bought would be owned by aboriginals
Outsiders are not allowed to disturb or molest aboriginals or else charges will be made
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The Spanish Succession went on for 11 years, and to keep the peace, the Treaty of Utrecht was formed to settle land rights.
- England was given more land
- France took PEI but gave England Acadia, Newfoundland, and the Hudson Bay Drainage Basin
-Queen Anne announced as the true sovereign of England
King George made it that only the British Monarch could buy land from aboriginals
Deportation of the Acadians
After the Treaty of Utrecht, French Acadians were forced to follow the British rule because the treaty changed a lot of land ownership. Since many citizens refused, they were forced out of their homes, separated from their families, and violently sent back to France, or Southern US. There was a total of over 1100 people who were deported.
At this time, American rebel forces wanted freedom from Britain so they started a war. They asked for support in Canada, but the country decided to stay out of it. Many people died, but overall, the Americans won, earning their freedom. July 4th 1776, the two countries signed the Declaration of Independence.
The Constitutional Act was formed to create Upper and Lower Canada. In this act, it explained the rights of both colonies, such as taxes, land, and voting. It stated that people over 21 years of age that own land or property were able to vote. It also said that property was owned between husband and wife, but if the husband died, the wife would take half of his owned property. Unfortunately, soon after woman lost their right to vote.
The war of 1812 was a military conflict between the US and Great Britain. Canada was swept up in the war as well, and was invaded a number of times by Americans; being that they were loyal to Britain. After a couple of years, the war came to an end with no one as the victor because peace was needed. Shortly after, the two colonies decided to sign a peace treaty.
The Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1814 to end the war of 1812 in peace. The treaty assured that both sides would be neutral with each other, and it determined their hostilities against the First Nations. Britain was also not to arm them against the Americans. All captured territory during the war was returned to their rightful owners, and war prisoners were returned to their home countries.
A British politician by the name of Lord Durham was sent to Canada to investigate colonial grievances after the rebellions of 1837 in Upper and Lower Canada. He completed his report in 1839 on the Affairs of British North America. In the report, Durham recommended that Upper and Lower Canada be joined. He also recommended that English become the official language.
American rebels launched attacks on Upper and Lower Canada in 1837, but were easily defeated.