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Causes of Peace
Transcript of Causes of Peace
What is Peace?
Peace as the absence of conflict (the time between conflicts)
Peace as a consequence or goal of conflict
Peace as a unique phenomenon (apart from conflict)
Historically, peace is the norm, not conflict
Peace and Levels of Analysis
World or Structural Peace
Structural Causes Approach - Tries to create norms and institutions that will lead to peace
Conflict Resolution Approach - Tries to resolve those issues that often cause states and societies to go to war
Individual Causes of Peace
Social Justice Approach
Humanitarian Approach to World Peace
Institutions and Cooperation (neoliberalism)
The alleviation of the "security dilemma"
Russet and Oneal's Kantian Triangle
Resolution of war-prone issues
Huntington's Clash of Civilizations vs. Fukuyama's End of History
Focuses on the role of the individual
Encourages Social Justice
Individuals in the Humanitarian Approach
UN Declaration on Human Rights (1948)