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Transcript of Farming Presentation
The Prairie Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Ontario and Manitoba
There is a wide range of agriculture that is practice in Canada, from the expanding wheat fields of the prairies to the vineries of Okanogan valley.
They contain 80% of Canada’s farmland and 50% of the total number of farms.
They dominate Canada’s agricultural landscape. Number of farms by Province/Territory Province/Territory Number of Farms Alberta 53,652
British Columbia 20,290
New Brunswick 3,034
Newfoundland and Labrador 643
Nova Scotia 3,923
Prince Edward Island 1,845
Northwest Territories 30
Yukon 170 Types of Farming Renewable Resoucre Agribusiness Vertical Integration Companies may control several parts of the process.
Large companies may develop seeds that are planted on farms that they have obtained.
The products are produced and transported into the trucks they own.
Their own shared plants and then is sent out through their facilities.
This allows the companies to make a profit Intensive Farming Intensive Farming: large amount of labour, machinery, and fertilizers used on small farms.
Are common densely populated areas such as Ontario and Quebec and around major cities
Farms are small, but depend on large investments in labour and technology
Produces fruits, vegetables, dairy, poultry, and hogs
The products may be easily spoiled, therefore, they need to be transported to the market quickly Extensive Farming Extensive farming: type of farming in which small amount of labour, machinery, and fertilizers are used on large farms
Extensive farming is usually highly mechanized and requires few workers compared to intensive farming.
Occurs when the population density is low and less expensive
Farms tend to be large so lower yields per hectare will still allow a profit
It is found in the Prairie provinces and in certain parts of Ontario and Quebec
It includes cattle farming and ranching, grain and oil seed growing, and mixed farming
Products are usually less perishable Factors that Damage the Farmland Land is a renewable resource if used properly
Soil is a renewable resource if used properly
Renewable resources are those that are replenished through biogeochemical and physical cycles.
Resource sustainability refers to agricultural production that can be maintained without harming the environment.
Specific solutions are being sought for each problem. Agribusiness Logos The Business of Farming In Canada farming is still used increasingly by large agribusiness companies.
Companies include cooperatives and private/public companies.
Farmers are able to start a cooperative similar to a business
Every farmer owns their own share in the cooperative
The equipments is purchased by the cooperative collectively and used on a number of farms.
The profits are split up by the number of shares each person in the cooperative holds.
The other type of agribusiness involves producing food
by large companies, often multinational corporations.
The farmers may own their own land but raise livestock or grow crops that belong to the company. Example of E.F. Example of I.F. The Process: Examples: Soil Land Working poorly on the land damages the soil and land
Contamination by chemical fertilizers
Constantly using heavy equipment such as tractors causes soil to compact and loses strength to carry water and air for crops
Winter rains washes away the soil
Summer fallowing: leaving a field uncultivated for a year to build up its soil moisture.
This is known for increasing erosion
Also reduces the soil’s fertility and salts are drawn up as surface water evaporates. Example of D.L. Courtney Jeline Marimar Joshua Carl By: Evaluate the Future •In the 1880’s about 80 percent of Canadian families farmed the land.
•Today less than 3 percent of Canadian families farm land.
•In the 19th century many farmers were needed to operate a small farm.
•Today one or two people can operate a large farm because of modern equipment.
•Starting a farm is very expensive. The costs range from veterinary care to buying pesticides to purchasing equipment to repairing vehicles and buying seeds.
•Sustainable agriculture is being used on many farms so that the earth will continue to produce good crops. This means farmers use large lightweight tires which do not damage wet soil.
•Natural fertilizers instead of chemicals have been developed.
•Crop rotation is being used. For example, peas and beans are planted one year and the next year corn is planted in the same spot. Corn adds nitrogen, a good natural mineral, to the soil.
•The prices for the products are increasing.
•The future of farming is approached through evidence on land values and assessments of alternative land use.
•The future structure of farms is approached through a review of farm size, location, and products mix. Bibliography Making Connections Canada's Geography Textbook
By: Bruce W. Clark
Publisher: MaryLynne Meschino
Where: Scarborough, Ontario
http://www.naturalnews.com/>> Mike Adams >> read articles >> "With superbugs contaminating fresh meat, the truth comes out about the FDA Food Safety Bill"
www.google.ca >> photos presented
www.dictionary.com >> super bug
www.prezi.com >> presentation format Current Issue As you all know, factory farms have been injecting antibiotics and vaccines in order to boost animal growth hormones. But what you didn’t know is that these injections have caused a widespread of super bugs.
Super bugs: a pathogenic bacterium that has developed immunity to antibiotics
Most of the fresh meat we consume may consist of deadly bacteria
While fresh meat contains hazardous bacteria, Package meat is almost always preserved with a dangerous, cancer-causing ingredient called sodium nitrite Thank You for Listening!