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From science to social science

Discusses the role of Kuhn's "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" in the social sciences.

Amy Antoninka

on 8 March 2011

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Transcript of From science to social science

What is social science? Is it a "science"? Thomas Kuhn's influence on the Social Sciences Positivism Falsification Two Competing Models of Science The "Textbook" View of Science Aristotle Copernicus Galileo Newton Einstein verifiable based on predictive success falsifiable by a prediction of the theory Kuhn's View of Science Preparadigm Normal Science Revolutionary Science competing schools
random fact collection
not science one paradigm established
no competing schools
puzzle solving activities Anomaly important problem that cannot be solve with the existing paradigm Crisis solved & return to normal science shelved & return to normal science Implications for Social Science insecurity of paradigm
loosening of restrictions
competing theories emerge
new paradigm put forward younger scientists follow new paradigm
some older scientists switch allegiance the new paradigm replaces the old, and normal science resumes crisis leads to revolutionary science There is no "uninterpreted" fact
Science is value laden
Different paradigms are incommensurable
Language is embedded in a paradigm
Social factors influence the rejection of a paradigm http://www.npr.org/templates/player/mediaPlayer.html?action=1&t=1&islist=false&id=112338409&m=112338395 Every science resists falsification
Social science's competing theories confirm a pre-paradigmatic scientific status
Interpretation of social factors is part of all science
Social and political structures change over time - the human scientist is a product of the world in which she lives The "Textbook" View of Science Newton Aristotle Einstein Copernicus Galileo <embed src="http://www.npr.org/v2/?i=112338409&#38;m=112338395&#38;t=audio" height="386" wmode="opaque" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" base="http://www.npr.org" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed>
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