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Reported Speech

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by

Lumnije Ahmeti

on 30 April 2016

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Transcript of Reported Speech

Reported Speech
Pronoun changes

Direct

Reported
I he/she
We they
my his/her
your my
our their
me him/her
us them

Modal verbs
Modals verbs like
“could, might, would, should, ought to, had better”
usually do not change in reported speech.
Direct: Ben
should
play football. Reported: Jack said (that) Ben
should
play football.
Direct: Ben
may
play football. Reported: Jack said (that) Ben
may/might
play football
Direct: Ben
might
play football
Reported: Jack said (that) Ben
might
play football.
Direct: Ben
ought to
practice. Reported: Jack said (that) Ben
ought

to
practice
Reported speech
In reported speech, we usually report what was said at a different time, and so we change the tense to reflect a past time. We use a reporting verb like say and tell.
Change of tenses
Simple Present
Jimmy plays basketball. Amy said (that) Jimmy played basketball.
Present Continuous
Jimmy
is playing
basketball. Amy said (that) JImmy
was playing
basketball.
Simple Past
Jimmy
played
basketball. Ammy said that Jimmy
had played
basketball.

Present Perfect
JImmy
has played
basketball. Amy said that Jimmy
had played
basketball.

Change words about place and time

Direct Reported
here there
today that day
this morning that morning
yesterday the day before
tomorrow the next day
next week the following week
next month th following month

No Verb change
Sometimes, we don’t change the present tense into the past if the information is still true or a general fact.

Past Continuous
; Jimmy
was playing
basketball. Amy said that JImmy
had been playing
basketball.
Past Perfect Continuous
(no change) Nick
had

been playing
basketball. Amy said that JImmy
had been playing
basketball.

Past Perfect
(no change) Jimmy
had played
basketball. Amy said (that) JImmy
had played
basketball.
Future
JImmy
will
play basketball. Amy said (that) Jimmy
would play
basketball.
Can
Jimmy
can
play basketball. Amy said (that) Jimmy
could
play basketball.
Must
Jimmy
must
play basketball. Amy said (that) Jimmy
had to
play basketball.

Direct questions

When we tell the question to someone else, it isn’t a question any more so we need to change the grammar to a normal positive sentence. Remove the question words
“do”
and
“does”
and change the verb to the
simple past
.


We change the position of the
subject
and
verb
and put the verb in the
past tense
.

Direct questions with Be
Yes/No Questions

There are no question words so just use
“if”
and change
the verb
.




Change of tenses
Polite Requests



Polite Request Use
“ask + to + infinitive.”
(It is not necessary to report every word.)
Direct:
Would you please go to the basketball game with me?

Reported
: Ben
asked
Jacjk
to go
to the basketball game.

Direct:
Would you mind driving me to the game?
Reported:
Ben
asked
Jack
to drive
her to the game.

Direct:
Please don’t be late!
Reported:
Ben
asked
Jack
not to be
late.
Direct Speech:
Could you stay after the game, please?

Reported Speech:
Ben
asked
Jack
to stay
after the game.
Giving an order
Giving an order Instead of using the word “
ask
,” use “
tell + to + infinitive
.”

Direct
: Hurry up, Jill!
Reported
: Nick
told
Jill
to hurry up
.
Direct
: Don’t hurt yourself!
Reported
: Jill
told
Nick
not to hurt
himself
Other Reporting Verbs
When using reported speech, most people learn to use “
say
” and “
tell
.” However, there are a number of other reporting verbs which can more accurately describe what someone has said.
Here are a few:
added, announced, communicated declared, disclosed, expressed guessed, lectured, mentioned replied, reported, rumored shouted, suggested, whispered


Ben is still a great player.


Reported
: Jack said (that) Ben is still a great player.
Where do you live?
Reported: She asked me where
I lived
.
Do you like basketball?

Reported: Ben asked Jack
if
he
liked
basketball.
Have you ever been to a basketball game?

Reported: Ben asked jack
if
she
had ever been
to a basketball game.

Reported: Ben asked Jack where
the gym

was
.
Where is the gym?
What are you doing?

Reported: Ben asked Jack what
he

was doing
.
Full transcript