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Art History Timeline
Transcript of Art History Timeline
Paleolithic France Spain Near East Two bison reliefs, unknown, 15,000-10,000 BCE.
Made from clay and built up on top of the surrounding rocks these bison are very unique for there time period. Spotted horses, unknown, 22,000 BCE.
The spots that cover the body of this horse interestingly show that early man may have used basic tools such as blow pipes for painting. Aurochs, horses, and rhinoceroses, unknown, 15,000-13,000 BCE.
An interesting piece because the date of the creation is highly debated due to the stylization of the animals. Hand prints, unknown, 12,000-11,000 BCE.
A very interesting piece would seem like an early form of a signature. Bison, unknown, 12,000-11,000 BCE.
Not done in a traditional profile but as looking down from above these bison were very unusual for the time period. Great stone tower, unknown, 8000-7000 BCE.
Part of a 5 foot thick stone wall surrounding Jericho it was an impressive feet at the time. Human figure, unknown, 6750-6250 BCE.One of dozens of these statues found they are some of the earliest known large statues. Restored of a section of Catal Hoyuk, John Swogger, 6000-5900 BCE.
Catal Hoyuk had a very unique layout with none of the houses having doors but instead were connected and you would enter through the roof. Deer hunt, unknown, 5750 BCE,Different from the cave drawings of Lascaux this image offers many profiles of many people as well as differentiation by color. 4000-1500 BCE Prehistoric Aegean Egyptian Ancient Near East The paleolithic period is the oldest period of known art. This is the time when humans went beyond recognizing the difference between humans and animals and moved on to representing them. Around 9000 BCE. the neolithic revolution happened. Most of the ice of the ice age had melted and people started to settle and become agriculturally based. Along with the neolithic revolution came the construction of some of the first known citys such as Jericho, Catal Hoyuk, and Ain Ghazal. Paleolithic This time period lead to a lot of very large developments in history. The most important being the invention of cuneiform writing. Using this Hammurabi also laid down his code on the Stele of Hammurabi. Also in Europe we had the erection of Stone Henge. This being an astronomical calendar of sorts it shows early people had and understanding of the stars and space. The egyptian culture had started to really come into full swing with the unification of northern and southern Egypt. Along with the unification of these two cultures the erection of the great pyramids also was well under way. Another important event of the time was the recognition of the importance of the dead to early societies. In 3760 BCE. was the first date in the Jewish calendar. This means two things first organized religion was already starting to come about. Also this means that human civilization had a strong understanding of time and was able to track it. 4000-1500 BCE. Back story 1500-500 BCE Etruscan Archaic Greece Egypt 500 BCE.- 0 In the 14the century BCE. Ikhnaton developed monotheistic religion in Egypt only to have that turned around by Tutankhamen who reverted Egypt back to the previous gods. The Hebrew elders of the time had also started to write the old testament of the bible a very important event for a large part of western history. In 776 BCE. the first recorded Olympic games occurred. Also Romulus had started the founding of Rome. The Etruscan's invented the chariot. Mean while the Greeks were founding Byzantium. Also the Greeks had started on the construction of the Acropolis. Finally the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar started to build his empire and conquered the Jews. This only backfired when the Persian king Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and freed all of its people. 1500-500 BCE Back Story India Italy China 0-500 CE. Japan China India Female Head, 3200-3000BCE.
This head was created to represent the goddess Inanna and is made of marble that was imported at a very high cost. Statuettes of to worshipers, 2700 BCE
These statues were given over sized eyes to show there eternal wakefulness in their worship. Seated statue of Gudea, 2100 BCE
Gudea is shown holding the plans to the temple this statue was placed in. Standard of Ur, 2600 BCE
From the peace side, it incorporates wood inlaid with lapis lazuli, and red lime stone. Wall painting from Hierkonpolis, 3500BCE
The oldest of Egyptian paintings the random arrangement of motifs is similar to Neolithic painting. Khafre enthroned, 2520 BCE
The rigidity of the pose in this piece creates a sense of eternal stillness in the afterlife. Seated Scribe, 2500 BCE
The more realistic portrayal of this scribe is in stark contrast to the God Kings of the time. Figurine of a Woman, 2500BCE
Consistent with the period and region this artist represented this woman as a series of geometric shapes. Male lyre player, 2700 BCE
Found in a tomb this lyre player is thought to be playing for the dead in the after life Snake Goddess, 1600 BCE
Although show holding snakes her original body was found without a head or arms so it is possible that she is miss represented. Death Mask of Tutankhamen, 1323 BCE
Gold with inlaid gems shows the lavish wealth of the Egyptian kings. Ahkenaton, 1353 BCE
Ahkenaton led a deliberate revolt against traditional society in many ways including the art of the time as shown here. Fowling Scene, 1400 BCE
Showing his eternal joy in the afterlife Nebamun is show in his favorite activity, hunting. Geometric krater, 740 BCE
With the return of figure painting small geometric humans cover this krater Kroisis 530 BCE
Showing more rounded modeling of the face, torso, and limbs Kroisis shows a shift towards naturalism in Greek art. Peplos Kore, 530 BCE
Originally painted when first created this kore would look very different than it does now. Apulu (Apollo), 510BCE
Showing a distinctly Etruscan style the statue has large amounts of movement, as well as its placement on the roof of a temple. Sarcophagus with reclining couple, 520 BCE
A sort of twisted waistline shows that the Early Etruscans had not yet fully dedicated to naturalism. Fibula with Orientalizing lions, 650BCE
This rather large pin combines both elements of repousse and granulation. Diving and Fishing, 530 BCE
Predating a similar piece in Greece it would seem that the Etruscans might have developed slightly more quickly. Hall of the Bulls, unknown, 15,000-13,000 BCE
While the hall of the bulls contains many different animal representations this is one of the more basic outline profiles. Lion Capital of Column, 250 BCE
Buddhas law was inscribed upon columns all through India. This column once supported the wheel of Buddhas law. Great Stupa, Third Century BCE
Buddhist walk clockwise around the stupa, believing that this movement would bring them into harmony the the universe. Yakshis, first century BCE
This pose originally used for Yakshis was later adapted to show Queen Maya giving birth to Buddha. Yakshi holding a fly whisk, mid-third century BCE
Yakshi is a fertility goddess shown by her bare breast, also shown is a fly whisk meaning that this was meant to guard a person from high society. Bodhisattva Padmapani, fifth century CE
An early form of Indian painting the artist used delicate highlights and shadows to show the sensuous form of Bodhisattva. Seated Buddha preaching first sermons, fifth century CE
The artist carefully represented Buddha with the traditional Gandharan robes, but combined it with the soft full bodied figure. Boar avatar of Vishnu, fifth century CE
Located at the oldest cave temple in India, it is also one of the oldest stone sculptures. Frieze from the life and Death of Buddha, second century CE
One of the earliest pictorial narratives in which Buddha is represented in human form. Tells the tale of Buddha from his birth through till his death. Aule Metele, first century BCE
While the statue is Etruscan almost every part of this statue is Roman in style from the toga to the high boots. Chimera of arezzo, fourth century BCE
This statue depicts a wounded chimera ready to strike. This beast was said to have been slain by the greek hero Bellerophon. Capitoline Wolf, 500 BCE
This statue depicts a wolf nursing the two founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus. Army of the First Emperor, 210 BCE
The First Emperor was buried with 6000 unique statues of his army, each one has a an individualized appearance. Incense burner of Prince Liu Sheng, 113 BCE
Isles of the Immortals in the Eastern Sea are shown on this by the finger like protrusions coming off the top of the burner. Bi disk with dragons, third century BCE
The dragons on this disk are meant to show good fortune as dragons were the envoys between heaven and earth. Dotaku, 100 CE
Yayoi dotaku were based of off the Han Chinese bells, the difference was that these were not musical instruments. Tomb of Emperor Nintoku, fourth century CE
The largest known tomb in the world, around 20000 haniwa used to surround it. Haniwa warrior, fifth century CE
This statue originally served as a protective barrier between the living and the dead. Lady Feng and the Bear, fourth century CE
The red squares adorning this image are known as Chops these were a sort of family sea showing who had owned the document over time. Shakyamuni Buddha, 338 CE
This is the earliest known representation of Buddha stemming from China, because of this, some of the symbolism is incorrect. Model of a Han Dynasty house, first century CE
This model of a house provides incredibly useful information the form, color, and construction of these ancient homes. Rice Farming reaches Japan from China.
Darius I of Persia dies and is Succeeded by Xerxes
Xerxes invades Greece and burns Athens to the ground.
Confucius dies in China.
Construction of Monte Alban begins in Mexico.
Greek philosopher Plato is born.
Greek philosopher Socrates is executed.
Alexander the Great dies
Romes first Aqueduct is built
Confucianism becomes a new religion in China. 500 BCE- 0 Back story Caligula assassinated
The Jews revolt against Roman rule
Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide
The Colosseum is completed in Rome
Emperor Trajan takes power
900th anniversary of the founding of Rome
Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Germanic tribes start to invade northern Italy
Life and death of Constantine
Buddhism spread all across southern Asia 0-500 CE Back story 500-1200 CE. Justinian marries Theodora
Buddhism reaches Japan
Persians conquer Egypt
Indians develop decimal place value system
Dome of the Rock completed
The secret of paper making passes to the Islamic world
First Viking attack in Britain
Era of castle building begins in Europe
Earliest recorded recipe for gunpowder
Death of Macbeth king of Scotland 500-1200 CE Back story Southern Asisa The Americas Japan 30000BCE.- 1200 CE. Art History Timeline Yakushi triad, 7th century CE.
These Buddha show a great attention to anatomical definition which is very Indian in style. Amida triad, 710 CE.
One of the Buddhas of four directions this image shows the Buddha of the Western Pure Land. Phoenix Hall, 1053 CE.
Set on a reflecting pond this temple gives of a sense of floating weightlessness through its architecture. Stele D, 736 CE.
In this stele Ruler 13 is shown holding a double headed serpent bar, which is the symbol of the sky and absolut power. Serpent Mound, 1070 CE.
Constructed to look like a serpent it is also believed that this mound may have actually tracked Halley's Comet in 1066. Monkey, Nasca, 500 CE.
While their purpose is uncertain it is believed by many that the Nasca lines could have possibly tracked popular pilgrimage routes. The Castillo, 800 CE.
During the summer and winter equinoxes the shadows cast along the side of the stairs will appear to look like a serpent. Towers of Bayon, 1200 CE.
Jayavarman VII had the towers of Bayon built in honor of his new found religion Buddhism the faces upon them are believed to be Bodhisattva. Angkor Wat, 12th Century
The five towers of Angkor Wat are meant to symbolize the five peaks of the sacred mountain said to be at the center of the universe. Shiva as Nataraja, 1000 CE.
In this statue Shiza is shown balancing on top of a dwarf meant to symbolize the ignorance of the world.