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Copy of The 3 major religions of the Far East

Brief descriptions of Hinduism, Buddhism, & Confucianism - origins, beliefs, impact on cultures.

Hannah Bolick

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The 3 major religions of the Far East

The 3 Major Religions in Far East

CliffsNotes.com. Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. 20 Feb 2012
Developed in India 2500 years ago.
based on many of the core concepts of Hinduism
Essence of Buddhism is the attainment of Enlightenment
Points to a way of life that avoids self-indulgence and self-denial.
No supreme god or deity
Siddhartha Guatama, or Buddha, which was the "enlightened one"
Born around 5th Century BC into a Brahmin caste (upper class)
Became troubled by human misery that he saw around him everyday.
Upon reflection, he deduced that DESIRE was root cause of all suffering.
To obtain NIRVANA -
state of total spiritual satisfaction or perfect peace
a condition of wanting nothing
Goal of Buddhism
"May all that have life be delivered from suffering"
Gautama Buddha (c.566 BC - c.480 BC)
The foundation of Buddhism lies in the
Four Noble Truths
, which the Buddha delivered in his first sermon shortly after his awakening.
The Four Noble Truths consist of the following:
Foundation of Buddhism
Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing the Eightfold Path, a practical guideline to ethical and mental development with the goal of freeing the individual from attachments and delusions leading to an understanding about the truth of all things
The term "Hinduism" simply derives from the word "India" and refers to a wide variety of religious traditions and philosophies that have developed in India over thousands of years.
What do Hindu's believe?
For many Hindus, religion is a matter of practice rather than of beliefs. It's more what you do, than what you believe.

believe in a universal soul or God called Brahman. Brahman takes on many forms that some Hindus worship as gods or goddesses.
believe in reincarnation - a belief that the soul is eternal and lives many lifetimes, in one body after another.
Samsara means going through the cycle of repeated births and deaths (reincarnation).
believe that existence of this cycle is governed by Karma.
Goal of Hinduism = Moksha
The spiritual goal of a Hindu is to become one with Brahma. This is referred to as moksha.

Until moksha is achieved, a Hindu believes that he/she will be repeatedly reincarnated in order that he/she may work towards self-realization of the truth (the truth being that only Brahman exists, nothing else).
4 goals in human life:
1- Moksha - the release of the soul (Atman) from the cycle of rebirth.
The individual soul (Atman) unites with Brahman the universal soul.

-spiritual - involves acquiring knowledge through yoga and meditation.
-working selflessly for the good of society.

2- Dharma - the code for leading one's life.
Respect for elders is considered important and many consider marriage as a son's religious duty.

3- Artha - the pursuit of material gain by lawful means.

4- Karma- through pure acts, knowledge and devotion, you can reincarnate to a higher level. The opposite achieves the contrary result.
Date founded: 6th-5th cent. BC
Founder: Confucius (551-479 BC)
A Way of Life
Confucianism is one of the two most important philosophies from China - the other one being Taoism
Confucius saw many problems in the world in which he lived. He wanted to help make improvements, in order to change the world for the better. In order to get into a position of influence, Confucius tried to get himself appointed as an advisor to a number of different government officials. When this failed, Confucius instead set out as a teacher.
The most important things to Confucius were peace, and order. He felt that everyone had a proper role in society, and that if people were willing to accept their role, and fulfill it, that peace and harmony would abound.

For this to happen, Confucius laid out what he called ETHICS -outlined how individuals should treat one another.
Peace and Order
Confucianism is not really a religion. It is more of social and political philosophy, a code of conduct for gentlemen and way of life that has a strong influence on Chinese thought, relationships and family rituals.
Have you ever heard the saying "Confucius says"?
Confucianism stresses harmony of relationships that are hierarchical yet provide benefits to both superior and inferior, a thought deemed useful and advantageous to Chinese authoritarian rulers of all times for its careful preservation of the class system.
Harmony in Relationships
Confucianism emphasizes tradition, respect for the elderly, hierarchal social order and rule by a benevolent leader who is supposed to look out for the well being of his people.
"Never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself."

"Real knowledge is to know the extent of one’s ignorance."

"Real knowledge is to know the extent of one’s ignorance."

"Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it."

"Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do."

"He who learns but does not think, is lost. He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger."

"He that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools."
Confucius says....
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