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Leah Dermo

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of Snipers

Snipers Leah, Nav, and Hilary Steps to Become a Sniper in WWI Steps to Becoming a Sniper Today Evolution of Snipers Techniques and Tactics in WWI Techniques and Tactics Today A highly trained soldier who
specializes in shooting
targets with modified rifles
from long distances away 1. The Written Test
- Made up by experienced sniper
- Passing grade: 75% + 2. The Sniper Observation Test
- Test ability to scout an area
- Examples of airsoft objects: mask, goggles,
boots, rubber knife, helmet, etc
- Forest environment
- 20 minutes to spot 7/10 objects 3. The Fixed Target Test
- Used to practice accuracy
- Medium sized targets
- No movement
- Goal: To hit as many targets as possible 4. The Sniper Stalking Test
- Most challenging
- Stealth, camouflage, focus
- Goal: Reach the target in an unknown
area within 1 hour without being
spotted In 1916, Major Hesketh founded the first army School of Sniping, Observation, and Scouting in France Men (aged 60+) came out of retirement
to train soldiers Most training took place in the UK Training had to happen quickly in order for the men to get back to their country and begin battle In the beginning... However, shortly after... All started because of a game... Snipe Shooting
-The snipe was a small, fast-flying game bird
- Marshes of Scotland and England
- A sportsman with a flintlock gun able to take
the snipe was considered an above average shot Medieval Times:
- firearms were designed for speed of firing
and loading
- up until the 19th century, the effective
aimed range was about 80 yards Post-Industrial Revolution:
- gunsmiths had new/more efficient barrel
boring machines
- produced more accurate and longer ranging
firearms War: American War of Independence
Location: USA
Year: 1775-1783 One of the first isolated uses of marksmen
was when the British Army clashed with the
Colonial forces The Americans deployed marksmen to the flanks of
the British Forces Throghout the following years.... Armies began devloping and training their own snipers War: American Civil War
Location: USA
Year: 1861-1865 The British Lovat Scouts introduced the ghillie suit The ghillie suit was made up of a loose Hessian robe
covered with green materials and bundles of grass The Lovats used the suit to blend into their surroundings War: WORLD WAR 1 (WW1)
Location: Centered in Europe
Year: 1914-1918 -Snipers began to play a vital role in trench warfare -The Germans had many skilled marksmen that
had a new opitcal sights fitted to their rifles -The German Snipers had devastating effects against
the British troops -British decided to retaliate with counter-sniping
resulting in the domination of the trench system -British and German commanders realized another use for snipers -Reporting on changes in the area of
operations and enemy routine - The larger picture was becoming painted,
commanding officers and intelligence were making
the right decisions, assumptions and deductions Another advancement was discovered.. - A pair of men was more useful than
a single sniper - Allowed for an observer and shooter
- Work for longer periods of time Since WW1... THE PRESENT... -can be deployed in all
phases of war - specifically target commanders
or other highly ranked officers - new ammunition; armour piercing rounds - counter-sniping has become a major role - increasing development of optics, digital cameras, radios, and other technology - increased stealth - continual development
of military snipers, and the enhanced
optics and firearms Most people believe that to be a good sniper, you must be a good shooter. However, shooting is only 20 percent of a snipers ability... - Do not stay in one spot for too long - Work slowly, cautiously and methodically - Be completely camouflaged - Place a dummy close by you - Do not fire unless certian about kill *PATIENCE* - Pay attention to detail "A successful sniper measures seven times and cuts once" - Creep out in "no-mans" land at
dawn and stay there all day - Camouflaged clothing and/or
cover with fake tree leaves - Kite was used to trick
British soldiers The tactics and techniques of a sniper have certainly
come a long way, becoming more advanced. Although modern snipers have come up with easier ways to hide from and trick their enemy, some techniques have remained the same from WW1 to today's world. The evolution of snipers has advanced from the 18th century and further developed through modifications and enhancements of sniper training, tactics, and techniques. Thesis: Conclusion: Although snipers played a vital role throughout previous years, they have continued to evolve and improve. The evolution of snipers, training, tactics, and techniques have impacted warfare from as early as the late 1700's and continue to do so in present day. Works Cited Alpert, Lukas. “Sniper Kills.” New York Post
2 May 2010: Print. Bridel, Roy. “How to Train as an Elite Sniper.”
Careers in the Military. October 2012: Website. Parker, Eric. "Training Snipers." Hesketh Prichard.
July 2008: Website. Surrounding countries followed by focusing more on sniper training and specialized schools Tactics and Techniques Clode, George. "10 Sniper Tactics from the Red
Sniper". Military History Monthly. Current
Publishing, Ltd. Web. 2 Oct, 2012. Powers, Rod. "Army Sniper School." About.com.
Web. 5 Oct, 2012.
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