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The Passive

The Passive Tense
by

leila pourjafar

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of The Passive

The Passive Voice
What is it?
It is a tense we use in the English Language for when we don't know (isn't important) who has done a certain action.
So the focus of the attention is on the person or thing which has been affected.
- The cake has been eaten.
(who has eaten the cake?) we don't know, it's not important!
Active or Passive?
The boss invited her to the party.
- who invited her to the party?
- The boss.
If we want to focus the attention on the person or thing affected by the action, the objective becomes the subject.
The boss
invited
her
to the party
She
was invited
to the party
by
the boss.
WHEN do we use the Passive?
We use the Passive when we don't know who the subject / agent is
I had a feeling I
was being followed
1)
2)
When it is obvious who the subject / agent is
was told
not to drink and drive
I
3)
When it is not important who the subject / agent is
- Do you want a lift?
- No thanks, I
am being collected
WHEN do we use the Passive?
4)
When the subject / agent has already been mentioned.
In the next session of parliament, laws on smoking in public
will be reviewed
5)
When people in general are the subject / agent
All the music CDs and books
can be borrowed
from the library free of charge.
HOW do we make the Passive form?
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Future Simple (will)
Future Simple (going to)
am/is/are + Past Participle
am taken
am/is/are + being + Past Participle
is being taken
have / has + been + Past Participle
have been robbed
was / were + Past Participle
was collected
was / were + being + Past Participle
were being taught
had + been + Past Participle
had been shown
will + be + Past Participle
will be awarded
going to + be + Past Participle
going to be judged
Future Perfect
will + have + been + Past Participle
will have been cleaned
PRACTICE
Make sentences with the tense you are given.
PRACTICE
Make sentences with the tenses given
Full transcript