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4.09 Module Project

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Kristy Peng

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of 4.09 Module Project

Role during the Renaissance, Reformation, or period of European Exploration London, England Top 3 Places of Interest Madrid, Spain Role during the Renaissance, Reformation, or period of European Exploration 4.09 Module Project Touring Europe Top 3 Places of Interest Lisbon, Portugal Role during the Renaissance, Reformation, or period of European Exploration Role during the Renaissance, Reformation, or period of European Exploration Paris helped give rise to the French Renaissance with it's culture and art, largely sparked and inspired by that of the Italian Renaissance. Classical architecture and philosophy as well as ancient Greek and Roman mythology was rediscovered. The Renaissance in Paris was a cultural revival during the 16th and 17th centuries.

John Calvin a major leader of the Protestant Reformation was born and educated in France and believed in the supreme authority of the Bible. He influenced many Parisians. . The spread of Protestantism led to years of civil warfare and caused much religious and political change by the late 17th century. Rome, Italy Top 3 Places of Interest Top 3 Places of Interest Tower of London:

Known to be a royal palace, The Tower of London has had many uses. It has been a royal mint, menagerie, and a public records office, an observatory, military barracks, and a city zoo. It has a long line of history. Perhaps the most famous use for it was as a political prison, and a place of public execution. The Tower of London served for many uses throughout its time and now serves as a museum which showcases the British crown jewels, swords, scepters, and coronation robes.

St. Paul's Cathedral:

St. Paul's is the largest cathedral in England. It is a Renaissance style Church of England cathedral which features a dome and Corinthian columns.

Shakespeare's Globe Theater:

The Globe was the primary home of Shakespeare's acting company beginning in late 1599, and it is a possibility that As You Like It was written especially for the occasion. In 1613, during a performance of Henry VIII, a misfired canon ball set the Globe's thatched roof on fire and the whole theater was consumed. it was reconstructed the following year and lasted until 1644, when it was demolished. There is a replica of it in London. Paris, France Role during the Renaissance, Reformation, or period of European Exploration Top 3 Places of Interest London contributed through Leadership, Architecture, and especially literature. Queen Elizabeth I ruled England during the Renaissance and she was very encouraging of it. Many architectural wonders were built and restored in Renaissance England. William Shakespeare a world renowned playwright was from London. He wrote many plays during the Renaissance such as A Midsummer Night's Dream, Macbeth, All's Well that Ends Well, and Romeo and Juliet. These are all ways that London contributed to the Renaissance. During the English Reformation, the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. Saint Paul’s Cathedral served as a church and sanctuary used for worship during that time. Source: http://lv-staff.francisparker.org/mongdean/London/Londons_Contribution.html Source: http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/history-of-london/tower-of-london.html Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/architecture_cathedral_01.shtml Source: http://www.shakespeare-online.com/theatre/globe.html Notre Dame Cathedral:

This is a historic Roman Catholic cathedral. You might have read about it in one of Victor Hugo's books. It is built in the French Gothic style and is world famous. It is approximately 668 years old.

Eiffel Tower:

At 324 meters, its the tallest building in Paris and one of the most visited monuments in the world. The Eiffel Tower is an icon for lovers and tourists alike. It is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris originally built in 1889 by Gustave Eiffel for the 1889 World's Fair.

Museé du Louvre:

This is one of the largest historic monuments and museums in France. Being the world's most visited museum and a central landmark of Paris it is a huge art gallery housed in an old Parisian palace. It holds a collection of nearly 400,000 items of art and historical objects in its permanent collection including the Mona Lisa and Venus De Milo.
Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/443621/Paris/14550/From-the-Renaissance-to-the-Revolution Castillo de Alameda de Osuna:

This is a Renaissance castle built during the 15th century. It guarded an important road between Madrid and the city of Alacala de Henares and was home to a local duke. It had a deep stone-lined moat the men used for defense while shooting their riffles or cannons.

Royal Palace of Madrid:

This is the official residence of the King of Spain. There are 2,800 rooms in the palace but unfortunately, not all are open to visitors. However, you can take a guided tour through the palace that includes the Throne Room, Hall of Columns, and the Gala Dining Room.

Prado Museum:

The Prado Museum has one of the largest art collections in the world, and is best known for its diverse assortment of works by Velasquez, Goya and El Greco. It is very large but can become crowded with tourists in the galleries with more famous work so plan which specific galleries you would like to visit most. Madrid had fine architecture and art during the Renaissance. It was made into Spain's capital city in 1561. Sewers, street lighting, cemeteries outside the city, and many monuments (Puerta de Alcalá, Cibeles Fountain) as well as cultural institutions (El Prado Museum, Royal Botanic Gardens, Royal Observatory, etc.) were constructed during this period. Royal Observatory Pantheon:

Originally used as temple for all the Roman gods, it has been standing since 126 AD and is one of the best-preserved Roman buildings. It is a currently used as a church .The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest un-reinforced concrete dome. The Pantheon was used as a tomb during the Renaissance and among those buried are famous painters, composers and architects from the 15th century.


The Colosseum, also called the Flavian Ampitheater, is one of the great works of Roman engineering. Built in the 1st century AD, the Colosseum has been the site of gladiator fights, mock sea battles, and other enactments. At its best condition, it had three stories of tiered seats and could hold 50,000 spectators.

National Museum of Rome:

Michelangelo established the National Museum of Rome in the 16th century. Its collection consists of sculptures from the Renaissance, coins, and jewelry. Rome was of the five Italian city-states during the Renaissance. As a center of scholars and artists, Rome relied on pilgrims and church business for income. It was one of the most important and was the central city of the Papal States. This meant the pope and the Roman Catholic Church controlled it.

Rome had great support for new ideas and rising artists. Michelangelo was a very well known artist of the Renaissance. He is known for his painting on the ceiling of Rome’s Sistine Chapel, sculptures (such as David) and his use of color in his paintings. It was also part of the Counter Reformation. Source: http://www.tripadvisor.com/Tourism-g187791-Rome_Lazio-Vacations.html Source: http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/renaissance1/section3.rhtml Source: http://www.aboutmadrid.com/madrid/history.asp Source: http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g187514-Activities-Madrid.html Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/443621/Paris/14550/From-the-Renaissance-to-the-Revolution Source for all maps: http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/world.htm Source: http://www.lisbonlux.com/magazine/the-7-wonders-of-lisbon/ Source: http://www.lisbon.net/history Jeronimos Monastery:

This World Heritage monument was built in the 16th century thanks to the riches pouring into Portugal from the East. King Manuel I built it during the 1500's on Hermitage which was founded by Prince Henry the Navigator. Its extraordinary architecture is in the Manueline style unique to Portugal, and most magnificent of all is the stonework of the cloisters.

Torre de Belem:

This is another World Heritage site. Originally built to protect Lisbon’s harbor in the 16th century, it is the best preserved one of three towers used as beacons for the city’s famous explorers. Its magnificent architectural details are reminders of the Age of Discovery and it’s protected as a World Heritage Site.

Tile Museum:

Displaying many forms of Renaissance art this tile museum has a large collection of tiles from as early as the 15th century. It is located among the monastic buildings of the Madre de Deus Convent. In the Renaissance era, the port of Lisbon was one of the most important in the world. At that point the Age of Exploration was occurring , which gave great strength and wealth to Lisbon.

Henry the Navigator or Prince Henry was a famous Portuguese explorer who established Portuguese dominance in early exploration. The contact with West Africa(Senegal) gave the Portuguese a foothold on the continent and in the later African slave trade.

Another Portuguese explorer was Vasco da Gama who, in 1497, sailed around Africa to the east coast of India and negotiated a good trade deal between India and Portugal which brought in a lot of wealth at that time.
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