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Women's Movement 1830-1930
Transcript of Women's Movement 1830-1930
The Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 inspired many more women's rights conventions and associations.
-The Civil War led to a minor set back in the women's rights movement. Many people believed they should take a break and help with the war effort. However, Susan B. Anthony wanted to continue fighting.
- Although the civil war led to a halt in the movement, women started to become more public during the war. Women were forced to turn their attention to something more important than their homes.
-The Civil War was the first time that women were apart of the war effort.
-1865 marked the end of the civil, which led to the fight for women's rights to start up again.
-Women's lives were centered around the home and family.
-Women were not encouraged to receive an education
-Women were denied the right to vote, as well as the right to own property.
-The abolitionist movement and the women's movement typically worked together.
-The Second Great Awakening sparked the idea of women's rights around the country.
One of the many women's rights convention was held in Salem, Ohio is 1850.
-A very important convention is the 1850s was in Worcester, Massachusetts.
-This convention was the first nation wide women's rights convention.
-This convention also formed an alliance between Frederick Douglas, Paulina Davis, Abbey Foster, William Lloyd Garrison, Lucy Stone, and Sojourner Truth.
-Angelina and Sarah Grimike were sisters who gave speeches at abolitionist conventions
-Their speeches were later aimed towards women's rights.
-The two sisters sparked women's rights movements.
-The Second Great Awakening gave women the idea for fighting for women's rights.
-The revivalist movement occurred in the early 19th century.
-The Awakening challenged the idea that women's jobs were focused in the house taking care of the family.
-The Second Great Awakening aroused the idea of abolition, temperance, and women's rights. All three of these ideas were usually fought together.
-The traditional roles of women in religion were challenged. Women who fought for rights believed it was the word of God to have equal rights.
This is the typical dress a woman of the 1830s in the US would wear to do their everyday work around the house.
- The idea of women's rights was sparked in the 1830s by the Grimike sisters, but women did not begin to take action until the 1840s.
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were major players in the fight for women's rights.
In 1840, Stanton and Mott attended the World Anti- Slavery convention in London. They were allowed in the convention, but they were denied seats because they were women. This enraged the two women and led them to begin their involvement in the women's rights movement. The refusal of seats to Stanton and Mott would later lead to the women's convention.
-The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention in United States history.
-The convention was held in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19-20, 1848.
-Lucretia and Mott were major leaders in the convention.
-At the convention, the "Declaration of Sentiments" was written.
-The Declaration of Sentiments was written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
-The document was modeled after the Declaration of Independence.
-The public was very surprised when the document was published. Many people believed the Declaration would make the women's rights movement lose its much needed publicity.
-The document called for women's rights: equal education and the right to vote.
- 100 people signed the document, 68 women and 32 men.
-Among those men were Frederick Douglas, a very famous abolitionist.
-One year later in 1851, the second National Women's Rights Convention was also held in Worcester, Mass.
-At this convention Sojourner Truth, a former slave, gave her famous speech "Ain't I a Woman?".
-In 1867, the seventeenth amendment was passed.
-This was significant in the women's rights movement because it defined American citizens as males.
- African American males were also given the right to vote.
- This led women to petition even more for their right to vote.
-Susan B. Anthony started the Equal Rights Association in 1867
-In New Jersey, the New England Woman Suffrage Association was started in 1868.
-The National Woman Suffrage Association was started by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who was president of the association.
-In the 1870s, the fifteenth amendment was ratified. This gave African Americans the right to vote.
-Women such as Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton did not agree with the fifteenth amendment because it denied women the right to vote.
- After the fifteenth amendment is ratified the Anti- Suffrage Society is formed.
- In 1872, Susan B. Anthony was arrested because she voted in the presidential election.
During the 1880s, the House of Representatives and the Senates appointed committees on women's suffrage.
-Women still fought hard for their right to vote.
-Lucretia Mott died during the 1880s.
-In the 1890s, for the first time, a state granted women with the right to vote. This state was Colorado.
-This encouraged women of other states to continue fighting for their suffrage.
-National Women Suffrage Association and the American Women Suffrage Association merge to form the National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Jane Addams founded the Hull House during the 1890s. Its purpose was to make living in the US easier for women European immigrants.
In the 1900s, William McKinley was president of the US. At this point in history, 39% of college students were women. William McKinley sided with women in the fight for women's rights.
-Carrie Chapman Catt became president of NAWSA
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton as well as Susan Anthony died
-The Women's Trade Union League f New York was formed by Mary Dreir. It consisted of middle working class women.
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton's daughter, Harriet Stanton Blatch formed the Equality League of Self Supporting Women.
During the 1910s, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Bull Moose Party. TR separated from the Republican party and created his own Progressive Party. Although he did not win the presidential election, his party became very important to the women's rights movement. War World 1 also slowed down the women's movement, but it women became more involved throughout the country. Women joined the war effort, and were very important in the nation. During the 1910s, the 19th amendment was written and sent to be ratified, but wouldn't be ratified until later.
-The 1920s, commonly known as the ¨roaring twenties" marked a time of extreme change in women in society. The women in the 1920s were known as the ¨new women¨. Women's fashion changed. Hem lines became shorter because fabric was needed to provide for the US soldiers. During the 1920s, it was not uncommon for a woman to have a job. The World War largely affected women during 1920.
-The nineteenth amendment was ratified, granting women their right to vote. After this, the women's rights movement slowly died down because women were finally given what they had fought hard for.
The 1840s marked a rise in industrialization in America. This led to some women working in factories. This was a big step for women considering their major job was usually taking care of their house and family.
Manifest Destiny was the idea of the United States expanding westward. In the west, women typically worked the same hours as men, and women's suffrage was more popular.
-The 1880s marked the Second Industrial Revolution. Railroads covered the United States. This revolution affected women's roles in the US. Women had a greater role in the labor force.
The 1890s were during the Gilded Age. During this time, many women had received an education from college. Many women agreed with prohibition. Prohibition was a major problem during the Gilded Age, because many people illegally sold alcohol. This caused many women to support abolition. Alcohol companies became anti- women's suffrage, because if women could vote, then they would vote for prohibition which would put alcohol companies out of business.