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Present Perfect - Intermediate

Module 4- Grammar Focus
by

Charlotte Lantai

on 9 December 2012

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Transcript of Present Perfect - Intermediate

Life Stories Present Perfect, Past Simple and
Present Perfect Continuous
Uses of present perfect Compared to
other tenses Present Perfect and
Past Simple Present Perfect Continuous Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous Result Experience Duration from the past
until now Unspecified time before now Personal Circles How long have you...? Practice the tenses Make a conversation.
A: Have you got a car?
B: Yes, I have.
A: When did you get it?
B: I got it three years ago.
A: And how long have you been driving?
B: I've been driving for five years. I have seen Titanic several times.

There have been many earthquakes in Japan.
(We don't know when or it doesn't matter)

Make the questions: _______ you ______ (see) Titanic? Yes, I _______
________ there ________ (be) any
earthquakes in Japan? Yes there ______
We can use the present perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, still, all my life, this week/year.

I have been to France. (You've had the experience of being
in France sometime in your life.)
He has never flown in an aeroplane. (He hasn't had this
experience in his life.)
Make the questions: ________ you ________ (be)
to France? Yes, I ________.
_________ you ever _________ (fly) in an
aeroplane? No, I __________.
(ever=any time in the past
until now.) You use present perfect to show that something
started in the past and has continued up until now.
You use "for" and "since" to show duration.

I've known Peter for 6 years. (for=period of time)

I've known Peter since 2006. (since=point in time)

Make the question: How long _______ you ______ (know) Peter? You use Present Perfect to show the results of a past action is important in the present.

I've lost my wallet. (I lost my wallet in the recent past and I don't have it now.)

Make the question:
What _______ you ______ (lose)? You use specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week/month/year, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment.
Compare these sentences:
Elizabeth Taylor acted in many famous movies, including Cleopatra. (She is dead now, it's not possible for her to act anymore)
Russell Crowe has performed in many movies,
including Les Miserables. (He is alive now, and
he is likely to act in several more.) You use Present Perfect Continuous when you want to show that the action is long and repeated.
I've been trying to call you all morning.
You can also use it to show that an action is temporary.
I've been working hard recently.
PPC can also be used to show that an action is in progress in the past or unfinished.
He's been painting his room yellow. (he started, but he
hasn't finished yet.)
Grammatical Structure:
S + has/have + been + verb-ing
S + hasn't/haven't + been + verb-ing We use the present perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You can use present perfect to describe an experience you have had or haven't had "in your whole life". You do not give a specific time. Grammatical structure of Present Perfect Positive: S + has/have + past participle
Negative: S + hasn't/haven't + past participle
Question: Has/Have + S + past participle You use Past Simple to show a finished action in the past. In PPC, we are more interested in the activity, which is unfinished. In PPS, we are more interested in the result, which is complete at the time of speaking.
I've read your book. (I finished reading it.)
I've been reading your book. (I haven't finished it.)
My parents have lived in Japan all their lives. (permanent state)
My parents have been living in the USA for the past
month. (temporary state)
How many times have you played tennis this week?
I've played tennis three times so far this week.
How long have you been playing tennis?
I've been playing tennis for 5 years. I have lost my wallet Present Result
(I don't have my wallet) I lost my wallet State Verbs: You use state verbs with PPS and not PPC. Commonly used state verbs are: like, dislike, hate, love, prefer, want, wish, believe, feel (have an opinion), know, understand, remember, think (have an opinion), hear, see, possess...
Some regular verbs can be used as state verbs - He is 26 years old. Some state verbs can also be used in the progressive form - What are you thinking about?
I think you're right. (opinion) My Lifeline 2012 1983 I was born 1988 I went to primary school 1989 I started dancing I have been dancing ____ 20 years 2000 I finished high school and went to university 2002 I got a job 2004 I have had a job _____ 2002 I got a degree I have been teaching ____ 4 years 2008 I started teaching 2010 I rented a flat 2011 I moved house I met my best friend I have known my best friend _____ 24 years 2009 I started swimming I have been swimming ___
3 years

1. Have you ever been to a foreign country? Where did you go?
2. Have you ever lost something important? Where did you lose it?
3. Do you have a girlfriend/boyfriend? How long have you been going out with them?
4. How long have you been in Australia? When did you arrive? How long have you
been living in your current place?
5. What's your hobby? How long
have you been doing it? Partner Interviews Now I have been playing tennis for 5 years 2007 How long have you known your teacher?
How long have you been in this lesson?
How long have you been using this book?
How long have you been living in Sydney?
How long have you been in this school?
How long have you been doing this exercise? car or
bicycle hobby book musical
instrument boyfriend
or girlfriend disco sport Celebrity Interview Now read about Nicole Kidman's life here: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/you/article-2243910/Nicole-Kidman-interview-Its-important-things-scare-you.html?ito=feeds-newsxml Nicole Kidman in an interview about her films. job
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