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The American Renaissance

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Patricia Hahn

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of The American Renaissance

The American Renaissance Margaret Fuller Life (1832-1888) Major Publications Having a beer with Ms. Alcott... Louisa May Alcott is best know today for her novel Little Women published in 1868. Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, where she and her family were very poor. When she was only two years old, the Alcott family moved to Boston, where her father ran a school. Unfortunately, the school was not successful and they had to move again, this time to Concord, Massachusetts.
Alcott’s father was her only teacher most of her life, but she also learned a great deal from her neighbors – the writers Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. Because her family lived in poverty, she had to go to work when she was very young. Thus she decided that she would try to support her family by writing.
Alcott was only 16 when she wrote her first book – a collection of fairytales called Flower Fables. The book was published six years later, in 1854. During the American Civil War, when Alcott was 30, she worked as a nurse. The experience gave her inspiration to write her next book, Hospital Sketches.
Her most famous work, Little Women, was published when the author was 36. She also wrote a sequel called Good Wives. Both books narrate with humor and love the lives of the March family. The main character is Jo March, a self-portrait; Jo's sisters are based on Alcott’s own sisters.
Alcott fought for the rights of women, becoming involved in movements that demanded changes in society, for instance, the right of women to vote. Her passion for human rights and her strong convictions are often noted in her work 1854 Flower Fables
1863 Hospital Sketches
1864 Moods1868 Little Women
1869 Good Wives
1870 An Old-Fashioned Girl
1871 Little Men1875 Eight Cousins
1886 Jo’s Boys
1888 A Garland for Girls
Published after she died:
1998 The Inheritance I think inviting Ms. Alcott for a beer would be a good idea because a feminist like her would certainly enjoy the opportunity to sitting in a pub with another girl without having to ask for a man to accompany us. During our conversation, I would love to know more about the women’ struggles of her time, and her experience serving as a nurse during the Civil War. I would also like to know more about her friendship with the transcendentalist Ralph Waldo Emerson and if she had the opportunity
to meet Mrs. Fuller. Having Tea with Ms. Dickinson... As a writer, I have always found very inspiring and interesting talking to strangers and visiting places that I have never been. If I had the wonderful opportunity to have tea with Ms. Dickinson, I would take the risk of being indiscreet and I would ask her how someone who certainly did not enjoy the company of strangers and probably never tasted the sweetness of the first kiss could write so sensitive poetry about love. Major Publications Published after she died
1890 Poems by Emily Dickinson
1891 Poems: Second Series
1896 Poems Third Series
1914 The Single Hound
1955 The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson
(3 vols.)
1958 The Letters of Emily Dickinson (3 vols.)
1961 Final Harvest A Visitor in Marl A Visitor in Marl_
Who influences Flowers_
Till they are orderly as Busts_
And Elegant_as Glass_

Who visits in the Night_
And just before the Sun_
Concludes his glistening interview_
Caresses_and is gone_

But whom his fingers touched_
And where his feet have run_
And whatsoever Mouth he kissed_
Is as it had not been_
(Lape, 2008, p.137) Life (1830-1886) Although Emily Dickinson died more than a century ago, readers are still fascinated by her mysterious life. She is considered to be one of the best poets of American Literature.
Dickinson was born in Amherst, a village in Massachusetts, where her father was a lawyer. She went to school in the area and then spends a year in a boarding college for girls. When she came back from school, she found her mother very sick, so she and her younger sister took over the running of the house. Dickinson was very busy during the days baking, sewing, working in the garden and walking her dog. But at night, when her family was sleeping, she read, thought and wrote deeply emotional poems about love, life, death, pain and pain.
The more important Dickinson’s poetry become to her, the less she wanted to socialize. By the time she was 40 years old, she had become a reclusive person, never daring to go beyond her garden and refraining to meet strangers.
Dickinson died when she was 55 years old, but only seven of her poems were published during her life. Her poems were so unusual for the time that few people understood them. They lack the flowery phrases and sentimentality so popular at her time; Dickinson’s poems were scarce in words but rich in meaning and unconventional ideas and images. After her death, her sister discovered a box with almost 2,000 poems. However, they were not published in full until 1955. Since then Dickinson’s life and work have been the subjects of many plays and books. Her home in Amherst was named a National Historic Landmark in 1964. If I had the wonderful opportunity to have a glass of wine with Mrs. Fuller, I would tell her about other feminist writers of our times, who were influence by her writings. I would especially tell her the life story of Olga Benario Prestes, a German-Brazilian woman who also fought for human rights and freedom during the World War II. I would love to ask Mrs. Fuller about the Transcendentalists' group. I imagine they were free spirit intellectuals who I would love to have the pleasure to meet. Having a glass of wine with Mrs. Fuller... 1844 Summer on the Lakes
1845 Woman in the Nineteenth Century
1846 Papers on Literature and Art
Published after she died:
1852 Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli
1856 At Home and Abroad
1858 Life Without and Life Within
1903 Love Letters of Margaret Fuller Major Publications Women Who Made History Margaret Fuller is considered one of the great American thinkers of the 19th century. She was a feminist who battled for women’s rights. She was born in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts, and since she was very young her lawyer father taught her Latin and Greek. Her parents were in favor of that women should be educated and independent – very unusual ideas in those times.
Fuller was 25 when her father died, so she became a teacher to help support her family. During that time, she met the poet Ralph Waldo Emerson and joined the group known as Transcendentalists – a group of writers and philosophers based in Boston. The transcendentalism stressed peoples’ ability to receive divine inspiration, to go beyond the limits, to transcend senses, because intuition and emotions were considered more accurate than any other means to reach spiritual insight. For several years, Fuller was the editor for The Dial – the group’s magazine. She wrote an essay for the magazine that later was expanded and became her most influential work – Woman in the Nineteenth Century. In this book that she wrote when she was 35 she argues for women’s rights.
Fuller’s feminist ideas took her to the New York Tribune, where she became the first female journalist and, eventually, the first woman foreign correspondent. She also became involved in the Italian liberation movement when the Tribune sent her to Europe. There she met Marquis d’Ossoli, they had a child and later married. In 1850, when she and her family were sailing back to the United States, their ship hit a sandbar and all three died.
Fuller’s old friend, Emerson, edited her memoirs and they were published two years after her death. Her manuscript about the Italian revolution was lost in the shipwreck. Life (1810-1850) By Patricia Hahn Emily Dickinson Louisa May Alcott References Howard, L. (1960). Literature and the American Tradition. Doubleday & Company, Inc. Garden City, NY.Lape, J. (1979). America in literature: the Northeast. Charles Scribner’s Sons. Lexington, MA.Levine, R. S. (2008). American literature 1820-1865. In: Baym, N. (Ed.) The Norton anthology of American literature (Shorter 7th ed., Vol. 1) (pp. 151-429). W. W. Norton. New York, NY.
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