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Drew Colon

on 20 October 2013

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Egyptian Creation Myths

Nun "Nu"
Nun or Nu is the first God that is introduced in the creation myth. Nu is the oldest of the Egyptian Gods and father of Re, The Sun God. Nun's name means "Primeval Waters". Nun’s qualities were boundlessness, darkness, and the turbulence of stormy waters; these qualities were personified separately by pairs of deities.
Ra "The Sun God"
Ra is also known as the father and king of all gods. He was called The Sun God because every night he died and was taken by the waters of his mother, Nun and every day he was reborn. Ra is usually seen as a man with a hawk's head and a sun disk on top of it.
Children of Ra
(Shu and Tefnut)
It is often said that Ra spat out both his children, Shu and Tefnut. Shu was born as the God of Air and Tefnut was born as the Goddess of Moisture.
The God of Air
The Goddess of Moisture
Creation of Nut and Geb
Shu and Tenfnut gave birth to the sky goddess Nut and Earth god Geb. This was the creation of the physical universe.
Thoth The God of Learning
Thoth was said to be mighty in knowledge and divine speech. The inventor of spoken and written language. As the lord of books he was the scribe of the gods and patron of all scribes. He is credited with inventing astronomy, geometry, and medicine. Thoth was the measuror of the earth and the counter of the stars, the keeper and recorder of all knowledge.
Osiris was the Ancient Egyptian god of the dead, and the god of the resurrection into eternal life; ruler, protector, and judge of the deceased.Osiris was the first child of Nut and Geb, and brother of Set, Nephthys, and Isis, who was also his wife.
Nephthys was a protective goddess of the dead.Nephthys was the sister of Isis and Osiris, and the sister/wife of Seth. She was also the mother of Anubis. She is often shown on coffins, or in funerary scenes. As a goddess of the air, she could take the form of a bird, and because she was barren she was associated with the vulture - a bird which the Egyptians believed did not bear children. The Egyptians thought that all vultures were female (because there is very little difference in the appearance of a male vulture), and that they were spontaneously created from the air.
Khnum was originally a water god who was thought to rule over all water, including the rivers and lakes of the underworld. He was associated with the source of the Nile, and ensured that the inundation deposited enough precious black silt onto the river banks to make them fertile. The silt also formed the clay, the raw material required to make pottery. As a result he was closely associated with the art of pottery.
Horus The Elder
was one of the oldest gods of Ancient Egypt. He was a sky god, whose face was visualized as the face of the sun. As a result his name ("Heru") was sometimes translated as "face", rather than "distant one", and was sometimes modified to "Herut" ("sky").
The god of darkness and the prince of the deserts, "Seth-animal" was said to be in constant battle with his brother Osiris over the power of Egypt. Eventually Seth murdered his brother, and battled with Horus, his nephew, to be ruler of the living.
As Queen of the Throne, Isis was known as the greatest goddess of Egypt. She resurrected her brother Osiris who then impregnated her with their son Horus. Thus she represented the link between mankind and the Gods, as Horus her son was a Pharaoh to man.
In the beginning there was only water , a chaos of churning bubbling water, Nu or Nun, this is where it all began.
Ra then created the air god Shu and his wife and sister Tefnut the goddess of moisture
Thoth helped her by playing the moon for extra light, and managed to add 5 extra days to the 360-day calendar. In those five days, Nut gave birth to Osiris, Seth, Isis, and Nephthys.
Day 1:
The Creation of Light
The Sun God Ra then emerged out of primeval chaos. Ra came out of a blue giant lotus flower that appeared on the surface of water. Ra then gave light to the universe.
As the God of Air, Shu represented everything between the Earth and the Heavens. He gave breath to all living creatures. Sailors would reach out to him to provide good winds for their boats.
Although Tefnut is the Goddess of Moisture, she is closely related to the moon and the sun. She was known as both eyes of Ra, her father. Other than the moisture, she also represented the absence of it. She is usually seen as a woman with a lion's head. She wears a solar disk on her head and always carries a sceptre signifying power and an anhk, which means breath of life.
There are many creation myths, each city in Egypt has its own creation myth. Then one that has stood out the most is the Heliopolis version of the creation myth. It is a tale that is quite similar to the Christian creation of the 7 days God created Earth. Instead of it being one God creating everything on Earth it is numerous Gods.
One tale, many versions
On this day, Shu and Tefnut gave birth to the Sky goddess Nut and the Earth god Geb while Ra leaves them to create the rest of the world.
Day 3:
The Earth and The Sky
Ra was not pleased when Geb and Nut decided to marry. It was already too late for his son, Shu to stop this because they were already with child. However, she wouldn't be able to give birth - Ra didn't allow her to on any month of the year.
Day 4:
Creation of the Calendar
Day 2:
Air and Moisture
On these days Khnum created the living creatures on his potter's wheel and modeled the animals, plants, and humans of Earth.
Days 5,6, & 7:
Creation of Life
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