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A Types of Phrases
Transcript of A Types of Phrases
A noun phrase consists of a noun as the head word and other words (usually modifiers and determiners) which come after or before the noun. The whole phrase works as a noun in a sentence.
A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and mostly ends with a noun or pronoun. Whatever prepositional phrase ends with is called object of preposition. A prepositional phrase functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence.
An adverb phrase is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence. It consists of adverbs or other words (preposition, noun, verb, modifiers) that make a group with works like an adverb in a sentence.
An adverb phrase functions like an adverb to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
An adjective phrase is a group of words that functions like an adjective in a sentence. It consists of adjectives, modifier and any word that modifies a noun or pronoun.
An adjective phrase functions like an adjective to modify (or tell about) a noun or a pronoun in a sentence.
An infinitive phrase consist of an infinitive(to + simple form of verb) and modifiers or other words associated to the infinitive. An infinitive phrase always functions as an adjective, adverb or a noun in a sentence.
A verb phrase is a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a sentence.
A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb.
He is wearing
a nice red shirt.
a glass full of water.
The boy with brown hair
is laughing. (as noun/subject)
A man on the roof
was shouting. (as noun/subject)
on the roof
is singing a song. (As adjective)
in the room
is our teacher. (As adjective)
He is wearing a nice red shirt.
The girl with brown hair is singing a song.
He gave me a glass full of water.
A boy from America won the race.
He always behaves in a good manner.
(modifies verb behave)
They were shouting in a loud voice.
(modifies verb shout)
She always drives with care.
(modifies verb drive)
He sat in a corner of the room.
(modifies verb sit)
A prepositional phrase can also act as an adverb phrase. For example in above sentence “He always behaves in a good manner”, the phrase “in a good manner” is a prepositional phrase but it acts as adverb phrase here.
for the exam.
has been sleeping
for two hours.
According to generative grammar, a verb phrase can consist of main verb, its auxiliaries, its complements and other modifiers. Hence it can refer to the whole predicate of a sentence.
should study for the exam.
A gerund phrase consists of a gerund
(verb + ing)
and modifiers or other words associated with the gerund. A gerund phrase acts as a noun in a sentence.
A participle phrase consists of a present participle (verb + ing), a past participle (verb ending in -ed or other form in case of irregular verbs) and modifiers or other associate words. A participle phrase is separated by commas. It always acts as an adjective in a sentence.
He likes to read books.
To earn money is a desire of everyone.
He shouted to inform people about fire.
(As adverb, modifies verb shout)
He made a plan to buy a car.
(As adjective, modifies noun plan)
writing good essays.
started thinking a
bout the problem.
Sleeping late in night
is not a good habit.
Weeping of a baby
woke him up.
making a noise
, need food.
I received a letter,
mentioning about my exam
made of steel
, is too expensive.
We saw a car,
damaged in an accident.
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