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A Types of Phrases

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Mickey Rosales

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of A Types of Phrases

A Types of Phrases
Noun Phrase
A noun phrase consists of a noun as the head word and other words (usually modifiers and determiners) which come after or before the noun. The whole phrase works as a noun in a sentence.
Prepositional phrase.
A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and mostly ends with a noun or pronoun. Whatever prepositional phrase ends with is called object of preposition. A prepositional phrase functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence.
Adverb Phrase
An adverb phrase is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence. It consists of adverbs or other words (preposition, noun, verb, modifiers) that make a group with works like an adverb in a sentence.
An adverb phrase functions like an adverb to modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

Adjective Phrase.
An adjective phrase is a group of words that functions like an adjective in a sentence. It consists of adjectives, modifier and any word that modifies a noun or pronoun.
An adjective phrase functions like an adjective to modify (or tell about) a noun or a pronoun in a sentence.

Infinitive Phrase
An infinitive phrase consist of an infinitive(to + simple form of verb) and modifiers or other words associated to the infinitive. An infinitive phrase always functions as an adjective, adverb or a noun in a sentence.
Verb Phrase
A verb phrase is a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a sentence.
A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb.
Luis Yescas
Michael Rosales
He is wearing
a nice red shirt.
(as noun/object)
She brought
a glass full of water.
(as noun/object)

The boy with brown hair
is laughing. (as noun/subject)

A man on the roof
was shouting. (as noun/subject)

A boy
on the roof
is singing a song. (As adjective)
The man
in the room
is our teacher. (As adjective)

He is wearing a nice red shirt.
(modifies shirt)
The girl with brown hair is singing a song.
(modifies girl)
He gave me a glass full of water.
(modifies glass)
A boy from America won the race.
(modifies boy)

He always behaves in a good manner.
(modifies verb behave)
They were shouting in a loud voice.
(modifies verb shout)
She always drives with care.
(modifies verb drive)
He sat in a corner of the room.
(modifies verb sit)

A prepositional phrase can also act as an adverb phrase. For example in above sentence “He always behaves in a good manner”, the phrase “in a good manner” is a prepositional phrase but it acts as adverb phrase here.
is eating
an apple.
has finished
her work.
should study
for the exam.
has been sleeping
for two hours.

According to generative grammar, a verb phrase can consist of main verb, its auxiliaries, its complements and other modifiers. Hence it can refer to the whole predicate of a sentence.
Example. You
should study for the exam.
Gerund Phrase
A gerund phrase consists of a gerund
(verb + ing)
and modifiers or other words associated with the gerund. A gerund phrase acts as a noun in a sentence.
Participle Phrase
A participle phrase consists of a present participle (verb + ing), a past participle (verb ending in -ed or other form in case of irregular verbs) and modifiers or other associate words. A participle phrase is separated by commas. It always acts as an adjective in a sentence.

He likes to read books.
(As noun/object)
To earn money is a desire of everyone.
(As noun/subject)
He shouted to inform people about fire.
(As adverb, modifies verb shout)
He made a plan to buy a car.
(As adjective, modifies noun plan)

I like
writing good essays.

(As noun/object)
started thinking a
bout the problem.
(As noun/object)

Sleeping late in night
is not a good habit.
(As noun/subject)

Weeping of a baby
woke him up.
(As noun/subject)

The kids,
making a noise
, need food.
(modifies kids)
I received a letter,
mentioning about my exam
(modifies letter)
The table,
made of steel
, is too expensive.
(modifies table)
We saw a car,
damaged in an accident.

(modifies car)

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