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Marriage

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on 1 May 2015

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Transcript of Marriage

Marriage :
The “holy union whereby a man and woman walk together toward sanctification and eternal life within a community of faithful”.

Greek Orthodox Wedding

Hindu Wedding
Questions:
Catholic Wedding
Beliefs/Views on Marriage
- Comes as a gift from the hand of God
- Calls the couple to be a sign of Christ's love in the world
- Viewed as a sacrament: it is a means through which husbands and wives grow in love for one another and for their children; they become holy and obtain eternal life
Biblical Roots of Marriage
Old Testament:
- marriage is something God instituted since the foundation of the world
- man and woman were created for each other
- shows how sin can affect the goodness of marriage but not destroy it in the case where Adam and Eve blame each other for eating from the tree but their marriage remains in tact
New Testament:
- marriage is recreated and made new in Christ
- they are called to love each other as Christ loved the Church and as the Church loved Christ
- Song of Solomon shows how love of a man or woman mirrors God's love for His people
Meaning and Purpose
- Created so that the couple might become one body and might be fertile and multiply
- Growth in mutual love between spouses (unitize purpose)
- Generating and educating children (procreative purpose)
- It is the primary unit of the Church: a place where the Church lives in daily love, care, hospitality, sacrifice, forgiveness, prayer, and faith of ordinary families
Planning for a Wedding
- Preparation period of 6 to 12 months before the wedding
- Must contact Parish for approval before planning
- Interview with the Priest
- Marriage preparation program (either a weekend retreat or classes)
- Often have a sponsor couple that mentors or assists them
- Fill out forms and paperwork
- Ceremony planning
Ceremony
- Procession and greeting
- Opening prayer
- Liturgy of the Word: readings from the Old Testament (1 passage from a list of 9), the New Testament (1 from a list of 13), and a Gospel reading (1 from a list of 10)
- Sermon elaborating on the marriage theme
- Exchange of vows, then blessing and exchanging of rings
- Prayer of the faithful
- Liturgy of the Eucharist
- Nuptial Blessing and Lord's Prayer
- Blessing and Dismissal
Common Practices
- Both are encouraged to wear white connecting back to wearing white on Baptism, Holy Communion, and Confirmation; White is the color of saints in Heaven
- Liturgical color for weddings is either white or gold
- Bride wears veil as a sign of modesty and chastity
- Often discouraged cohabitation before marriage because it presupposes sexual activity which is a mortal sin
- Promise to raise children in the Catholic faith
- The rite directs the bride and groom to walk in together or be escorted by both their parents because they are giving themselves as equal partners, but often times the groom will walk in first and then the bride will be walked in by her father
- Marriage cannot be broken by a civil divorce, only by an annulment
- According to Canon Law, only two people are needed to be present
Lutheran Wedding
Beliefs/Views on Marriage
- Marriage is a covenant of fidelity; as God is faithful to us, we can be faithful to each other in love
- Christ and the Church will be part of a lifelong commitment to each other
- Viewed as a social contract; a commitment to each other joined together in God
- Marriage isn't a sacrament; it's a human social event that could be tainted by human depravity and exploited for human profit and does not confer grace
- Covenant of mutual promises, commitment, and hope authorized
Purpose of Marriage
- Two people are joined together in union in God
- Marriage is the appropriate place for conceiving, bearing, and raising children
- Marriage and family are the foundational structures that support human conformity
- The wedding itself is primarily a worship service where those attending praise God and sanctify the marital union
- Vital in a marriage: mutual support, respect, and understanding together with shared worship and prayer
- The marriage is conducted by the couple, and they ask for God's blessing and support
Planning
- Permission from the Pastor (Meet 6-9 months before wedding)
- Interview with the Pastor
- Premarital workshop and/or preparation sessions (attend 4-6 months before the wedding)
- Wedding details (ceremony, readers, reception, etc.)
Ceremony
- Prelude
- Hymns, processional, and greeting
- Opening prayer
- Scripture readings (choose 2-3 from the Old Testament, New Testament, and/or the Gospels)
- Wedding Sermon
- Vows
- Blessing and exchanging of rings
- Pronouncement of marriage
- Wedding Prayers and Benediction
-(May also choose to include Unity Candle, although it doesn't have a liturgical relation)
How it differs from Catholic Marriage
- Lutheran beliefs recognize that marriage may need to come to a legal end (divorce)
"Jesus replied, 'Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard'" (Matthew 19:8)
- Although there are still differing opinions as to same-gender relationships, some Lutheran churches will allow same-gender marriages
"While the Churchwide Assembly has not come to agreement on the issue of marriage equality, the ongoing debate has prompted a policy that gives autonomy to individual ministers and their congregations, resulting in the celebration of same-sex marriages at many ELCA churches across the country" (
Human Rights Campaign
)
- Sexual intimacy is a gift of love and pleasure that need not always be for the purpose of a child
Video of Traditional Vows
Beliefs/Views on Marriage
An Orthodox Greek can only marry a Christian
A wedding can only be in the Church
People can get married on all days except
January 5-6
Great Lent and Holy Week
August 1-15
August 29 (Beheading of St. John the Baptist)
September 14 (Exaltation of the Holy Cross)
December 13-25
The day before feast days and all Holy Days of our Lord
The wedding ceremony has remained mostly unchanged over time
The wedding service is usually a long occasion
Purpose of Marriage
To the Greek Orthodox marriage is the proclamation of a husband and wife
It's a sacrament that is preferred to take place in the morning after the liturgy
Both, the bride and groom fast before the wedding to have the Eucharist together and to start a life together
Clothing
The bride usually wears a white wedding dress and is required to wear a veil during the ceremony and after at the reception
Veil: A Christian worship practice in which women wore the veil for public worship
Practice by most Christian women until the 1960's
It's now a minority practiced in the West
The groom usually wears a suit
Ceremony
The ceremony is made up of two parts: the betrothal service and the crowning service
Betrothal Service:
Doxology
Joining of hands
Lighting of Wedding Candles
the candles are held in the right hand
the flame represents the mutual joining of two people in Christ
the flame also represents the diving light that has come into the world through Christ
Opening petitions
Two short prayers

Ceremony Continued
Crowning Service:
The Priest blesses the crowns
Common Cup:
A cup of wine is blessed and both the bride and the groom drink from the cup three times
Symbolizes the sweet and bitter times the couple will have together
Symbolizes that God will bless them
Exchange of Rings - right hand
Closing prayer
Ceremony Continued
The Priest leads the couple around a table 3 times to symbolize their union
3 hymns are sung while the couple is walking
Removal of Crowns
Benediction
Normally there is a reception after the wedding
Beliefs/View on Marriage
Marriages are usually arranged by the elders of the family
horoscopes are matched to see if the couple is compatible
Wedding dates are picked by priests by looking at the position of the stars
The wedding brings together two families, not just two people
Various ceremonies are performed throughout the week of the wedding
Before Wedding Traditions
Haldi Ceremony:
It's a turmeric, oil, and water mixture that is applied to both the groom and bride by married women.
Mehandi Ceremony:
It's a ceremony where the bride and other females get henna on their hands. The bride gets henna on her hands and feet. A common myth is that the darker the henna the more the groom loves his bride.

Before Wedding Traditions
Sangeet Party: A music and dance party, sometimes combined with mehandi ceremony
Tilak Ceremony: Kumkum, which is vermillion is placed on the groom's forehead head by male members of the bride's family
it symbolizes that the bride's family is giving blessings to the groom

Clothing
The bride wears mostly red/maroon and gold, green, and yellow and gunghat(veil)
veil sign of respect - goes back in history
red: symbolizes prosperity, fertility, and marital bliss
The groom wears sherwani : usually off-white and beige with intricate embroidery
White is not worn at weddings because it's what Hindu's wear when they are mourning
Modernly colors acceptable for a wedding are expanding

Wedding Ceremony
Barat - Welcoming Groom & his family:
Singing and dancing procession of the groom's family until they reach the wedding venue where the bride's family welcomes them with sweets and aarti to symbolize the happiness and good tidings to come

Jaimala (Exchange of Garlands):
The couple exchanges flower garlands as a gesture of acceptance of one another and a pledge to respect one another as partners.

Wedding Ceremony
Havan (Lighting of the Sacred Fire):
The couple invokes Agni, the god of Fire, to witness their commitment to each other. Together the bride and groom offer rice as a sacrifice into the fire.
Kanyadan (Giving Away of the Bride):
The father of the bride places her hand in the groom’s hand requesting him to accept her as an equal partner.
Gath Bandhan (Tying of the Nuptial Knot):
The scarves placed around the bride and groom are tied together symbolizing their eternal bond. This signifies their pledge before God to stay together, love each other, remain faithful in happiness and sorrow.






Wedding Ceremony Continued
Saat Phere (Walk Around the Fire)
The bride and groom circle aound the fire and take vows. These seven circle symbolize the beginning of their journey
Sindhoor (Red Powder)
The groom applies a small dot of vermilion onto the bride's head to symbolize she is married.
Mangalasutra (Thread of Auspiciousness)
A necklace worn specifically by married women as a symbol of their marriage
Aashirvad (Parental Blessing)
The couple touches the feet of their parents as a sign of respect.

After Wedding Traditions
Doli:
After the wedding there is a farewell of the bride to groom's house
The next day there is a reception and several other traditions that the bride does in her new home such as making her first meal
Hindu Wedding Ceremony
Crowning Ceremony
Full transcript