Transcript of MACHU PICCHU...Peru
World Heritage Site Project MACHU PICCHU...Peru A United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage site is a place that is listed because of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme, which consists of 21 state parties which are elected by their General Assembly. World Heritage? There are two types of World Heritage Sites. The first one is Cultural and the second is Natural. There are 6 criterias for Cultural Sites and 4 for Natural. All up there are 10 criterias for World Heritage Sites. Types of World Heritage Sites Criteria CULTURAL "represents a masterpiece of human creative genius" i) FOR WORLD HERITAGE SITES CRITERIA ii) "exhibits an important interchange of human values, over a span of time, or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning, or landscape design" iii) "bears a unique or exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared" iv) "is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural, or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage in human history" v) "is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change" vi) "is directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance" NATURAL CRITERIA vii) "contains superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance" viii) "is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features" ix) "is an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems, and communities of plants and animals" x) "contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation" Sites must meet at least ONE of the ten criterias. What Do The Governments Do? Before a site can be listed on the World Heritage List, it must first go through numerous stages. Firstly the site is nominataed by the government of the state or territory in which it is founded. It is put on a list called a Tentative List. Next the government takes the list of possible sites and presents it at an assembly in front of a group called the World Heritage Centre. Governments need to make sure that the World Heritage listed site is looked after and stays close to its original state. Governments need to look after the site and preserve it for as long as they can. So tourists can also enjoy the site, the governments need to devise a way in which tourists can get as close as they can to the beauties of the site but far enough so that tourists won’t cause damage to the site. Why is it important to protect and keep World Heritage Sites? It is important to conserve these precious sites because they are a piece of humankind. They tell us about our past and present. They remind us of the different environments we lived in and they also remind us of how we have moved forward in our lives. They are also a very important part of our eco-systems. Description of Machu Picchu It meets four of the criteria required to become a World Heritage Site. Machu Picchu is made entirely of stone and was built into the mountain side by the Incas. It meets criteria numbers (i), (iii), (vii) and (ix). Machu Picchu covers 32,500 ha of the mountainous region. Please click on the following link to watch a short clip... http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/274/video If the site is found worthy, it then passes on to the next stage. The site is then passed on to the keepers of the World Heritage List who then examine whether or not the site meets the critiria required. If the site meets the required criteria then it is eligible to become a World Heritage Listed Site! Location of Machu Picchu S13 7 0 W72 34 60 2,430m above sea level It is located in the centre of a tropical forest. PERU! Why Machu Picchu is important to the country and its people Because it is the last standing structure made by the Incas and it has an amazing structure of archaeological significance, it is one of the most important structures in Latin-America. The amazing stonework of Machu Picchu provides an outstanding example of how we can use natural resources in amazing ways. The people living in the surrounding villages around Machu Picchu pursue a way of life that is similar to their Incan ancestors by basing their lives on three main sources: potatoes, maize and llamas. Machu Picchu is also a natural habitat for many endangered species. Such animals include the: spectacled bear dwarf brocket the otter long-tailed weasel pampas cat the ocelot boa the Andean cock of the rock and the Andean condor THE END! By: Natalee HERWIG 7P or click on the link in my comments. BIBLIOGRAPHY! •http://whc.unesco.org/en/criteriaFull transcript
•http://web1.beverlyhg-h.schools.nsw.edu.au/SocSc/Texts/GA1/pdf/geo1-2e-ch02.pdf (Geography Focus 1 book)
Without Machu Picchu, these endangered animals may become extinct!