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The Canterbury Tales
Transcript of The Canterbury Tales
There were those who
He was considered the center of all authority and held ultimate power over the people.
She was considered one of the closest confidants of the king.
He could be the son of the ruling monarch or a monarch of a certain area within a kingdom himself.
She was not detached from the turbulent political affairs of the time.
What, when, where - Feudalism
Feudalism - Also known as the feudal system or feudality was the social, economic, and political organization prevailing in Western Europe between the 5th and 12th centuries.
* The term feudalism is generally applied to the early and central middle ages.
* Between the 5th and 12th centuries
* The origins of European feudalism are to be found in the early Frankish kingdom
* Feudalism spread with the Frankish conquests into northern Italy, Spain, and Germany and later into the Slavic territories. The Normans took it to England in 1066 A.D. and to southern Italy and Sicily a few years later. From England, feudalism spread to Scotland and to Ireland. Finally the Near Eastern territories that the crusaders conquered were organized into the feudal system.
- The ultimate power and authority; he possessed his rights over all the land in the empire.
- This was a very rare title commonly given to close relatives of the king
- Also close or known relatives of the king
- These were the guardians of the frontiers
The Barons -
Protectors of the manors and owners of some castles
- Knights were known as sub tenants. Each knight was offered a big section of the kingdom's land to govern. This was done only after taking a royal oath to the king to serve him faithfully for the duration of their life.
- These were the group of people who were apprentices and assistants to the knights.
Laws of the Middle Ages
The Three Orders of Society
The Magna Carta
Was issued and signed by King John of England on June 15th, 1215 due to rebel barons
The Magna Carta was a peace treaty between King John and the rebel barons
A year later King Henry the Third's version of the Magna Carta became the definite version of the text
A third of the original text in the Magna Carta was changed or deleted 10 years later or was repealed in modern times
Points of the Magna Carta can be found in the Bill of Rights
Only 4 copies are in existence
The Social Hierarchy
House of Plantagenet-
Ruled England for over three hundred years, from 1154 -1485
Was a short but strongly built man of leonine appearance, Henry II was possessed of an immense dynamic energy and a formidable temper. He had the red hair of the Plantagenets, grey eyes that grew bloodshot in anger and a round, freckled face. He was also know as the "Young King" and had little power.
House of Plantagenet and
House of Lancaster
House of Lancaster-
It was a cadet branch of the house of Plantagenet. In the 15th century it provided three kings of England: Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI. They were defeated by the house of York and passed on its claims to the Tudor dynasty. They ruled England for more than 60 years.
Also known as a free man, a Franklin didn't owe the king rent or military service. The Franklin usually acted as the representative and the sheriff of the area they lived in.
Romantic Arthurian Legend
Feudal Hierarchy Continued
- This group incorporated some “superior” people of the kingdom.
The Younger Sons
- They were to find their own living and normally most of them take over the titles of knights by joining the army. Some joined churches while some set off as mercenaries.
The Common Men
- These were free people who made the majority of the England.
- They worked for the landlords in return for wages.
- These were people who were owned by their high class people. These were servants for their owners without any right.
Scribes were responsible for creating much of the printed material early on.
Then medieval craftsmen used ideas borrowed from the Chinese. They carved entire scenes and stories into page-sized wooden blocks. The wooden blocks had to be recarved
Later on John Gutenberg created the printing press which changed the history of mankind.
The Bible was the first book to be printed on his printing press.
Those Who Worked
Those Who Fight
Those Who Prayed
These were the men and women who worked the lords' land. Typically classified as peasants.
Little information was ever logged about these peasants other than what they owed their superiors.
Nobility influenced all aspects of medieval
The clergy was at the top of medieval society
His duties were
Administer necessary sacraments
Absolve men and women of their sins
The source of secular and ecclesiastical announcements
No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.
"To no one will We sell, to no one will We deny or delay, right or justice."
There were 4 types of laws in the Middle Ages
Laws of Nations
Trials and Crimes
Manciples belonged to the trade class, a lower class in the social hierarchy. A manciple was responsible for buying and storing food for places such as universities. Manciples were also responsible for housekeeping and maintenance.
There were 2 types of trials
Trial by Ordeal
Trial by Battle
*These methods were outlawed later in the Middle Ages
A couple of crimes handled at this time were Felonies and Petty crimes
Romantic Arthurian literature
King Henry the Third
Closely related to epic poems
Typically talked about the tales of King Arthur
An epic poem is a long, narrative poem that is usually about heroic deeds and events that are significant to the culture of the poet. Many ancient writers used epic poetry to tell tales of intense adventures and heroic feats.
The hero is outstanding
The setting is large
The action is made of deeds of great valor, or requiring superhuman courage.
Supernatural forces—gods, angels, demons—insert themselves in the action.
It is written in a very special style.
The poet tries to remain objective.
They were tales told by the Bards that were transferred into books.
They were mainly about ideals of love.
Were a way of preserving history through verse
Forms of Ballads include
A literary genre comprised of fictional works of chivalry and adventure from the Middle Ages.
Works of medieval romance literature were widely popular between the 5th and 16th centuries and represented the bulk of major literary output at the time. There are examples of the genre composed in both prose as well as in verse, with some of the earliest being poetic works closely resembling the verse epics of ancient Greece and Rome in both form and content.
Characteristics include: Cycling, sources, subject matter and style
Alicia G., Nick G., Megan B., Matt B., Jacob B
They taught about religion and portrayed biblical stories.