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HPW3C SUMMATIVE PROJECT:Preganacy, Parenting, and Understanding Children

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Safia Jama

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of HPW3C SUMMATIVE PROJECT:Preganacy, Parenting, and Understanding Children

So, you're PREGNANT,
what now? THE BEAUTIFUL STAGES OF
PREGNANCY Child Development SOCIAL RESOURCES A What we are going to cover : EMOTIONAL PHYSICAL Child Development LOOKING THROUGH ALL ASPECTS Looking at you child's

emotional development EXERCISE: RESOURCES CLINICS AND SERVICES IN OTTAWA Nutrition Nutrition is important for a baby's development of its brain, skull and spinal cord. Well, here you are, another chapter of your life, weather you are ready or not, you will soon have your own precious gift. For some it can be stressful, as we learn how to adapt to this sudden change. Let us help with that. With some help from the YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU OF OTTAWA, we will answer your questions and you will start a crash course into learning how to control all of these new emotions. LETS BEGIN Complications and Discomforts You may experience the following conditions Complications, stages of pregnancy, nutrition, arrival, Morning sickness Nausea seems to stem at least in part from rapidly rising levels of estrogen and progesterone, which cause the stomach to empty more slowly. Pregnant women also have a heightened sense of smell, so various odors — such as foods cooking, perfume or cigarette smoke — might cause waves of nausea in early pregnancy. 1. avoid colognes or strong smells 2. Try herbal teas and beverages especially with ginger



You can reduce your risk of getting gestational diabetes by: Gestational Diabetes Varicose veins You may not like the way varicose veins look (who would?), and they may itch or ache, but they're unlikely to put either you or your baby at any risk. The good news is that in most cases, if you didn't have them before you got pregnant, your varicose veins shrink or disappear altogether within a few months after you give birth.Preventing varicose veins isn't a perfect science, but these tips can definitely help:Keep the blood circulating. Get off your feet whenever you can, and keep your legs elevated when sitting. When standing, put one foot on a low stool and alternate legs. Flex your ankles every so often, and break the habit of sitting with your legs crossed (this strategy will also help keep spider veins at bay). Heartburn during pregnancy is quite common. Some women get heartburn for the very first time in their life when they get pregnant with their child. Heartburn, which also known as acid indigestion, is a burning sensation that can extend from the stomach up into the chest and throat. 1.Avoid food and beverages

2.Don't eat big meals. Instead, eat several small meals throughout the day Heart Burn Stages of pregnancy First let's calculate your where YOU are :) 9 months plus an extra week from your last period. Month One Month Two Month Three Month Four Month Five Month Six Month Seven Month Eight Month Nine Missed Period , Other signs may not be noticeable Breasts swell, pressure on bladder, possible nausea Fuller breasts, nausea, fatigue, frequent urination, abdomen becomes larger. Uterus the size of an orange Appetite increases , abdomen continues to grow slowly Apparent abdomen, increased size (posture affected), fetal movements Stronger kicks, thumps , and bumps(may be visible) and weight gain Increased size Backache, leg cramps, shortness of breath, and increased fatigue from weight gain Lightening is felt as the fetus drops to the pelvis, breathing is easier, false labor may be experienced Preparations : Before and after arrival PREPARE A NURSERY CLOTHING PERSONAL CARE AND FEEDING Find a class Purchase and install a car seat Pregnancy checklist Expecting a child signifies a number of preparations are in order to welcome your new little one into the world. You have nine months to prepare for your baby's arrival, meaning decisions must be made concerning where the baby's room or area will be, what type of educational classes you will take and medical decisions. It's best to break up these tasks over the course of your pregnancy, so you can feel confident when you head to the hospital in labor that you have completed all you could before your baby's arrival.Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/102246-things-prepare-baby/#ixzz2Gt6zCyap New parents often spend quite a bit of money on their baby's wardrobe. Baby clothes are cute, but comfort is as important as fashion.
Select clothing that is soft and easy to change as you'll probably be changing your baby several times a day. Newborns outgrow their clothing quickly, so it's best to buy clothing a little large.



Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/218969-list-of-things-for-new-baby/#ixzz2GtFJ8wV2 Decorating the nursery is part of the fun of preparing for the baby. Your baby will need a mattress and crib that meet government safety standards.
Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/218969-list-of-things-for-new-baby/#ixzz2GtFcnPdq Infant car seats should face the back of the vehicle, rest at a 45-degree angle and move no more than 2.5 cm (1 in.) where the seatbelt or dive point harness strap is routed through the child car seat.You should not be able to fit more than one finger underneath the harness straps at the child's collarbone. The chest clip should be flat against the chest at armpit level. 1. Cover the crib mattress with a sheet; keep extra sheets on hand in case of accidents. Your newborn requires receiving blankets for swaddling. 2. Having a rocking chair or gliding rocker in the nursery allows you to rock your baby back to sleep in close proximity to her crib. 3. A dresser will hold your newborn's clothing. Changing tables have storage space for diapers and wipes so supplies are all at hand. 4. Baby monitors in the nursery let you keep an eye or ear on your baby when you're out of the room. Your baby will need:

one-piece pajamas (buttoned),
soft T-shirts and pants,
socks,
hats
light jacket.
warm coat,
fleece pants , shirts and sweaters Young parents prenatal classes (up to 25 years of age)

Cost: Free

Language: English and French

Location: St-Mary’s Outreach Centre and Bethany Hope Centre

Duration: 1 class per week for eight weeks on weekday evenings

Description: Topics covered include healthy pregnancy, labour and birth and bringing baby home.



Registration: To register for classes please call Ottawa Public Health Information to speak with a public health nurse: 613-580-6744 ext.28020 (TTY: 613-580-9656). A childbirth education and preparation class is a way for you and your partner to learn about the process of birth from medical experts. These classes are typically offered at the hospital where you will give birth, a local community center or at your obstetrician's office. In addition to a basic class, consider instruction on breastfeeding or newborn care. These types of health classes can help to put you at ease for the birthing process and when taking your baby home--particularly if you are a first-time parent.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/102246-things-prepare-baby/#ixzz2GtNPO61R Whether you breast feed or use formula, you'll need baby bottles and nipples that are made for newborns. If you have decided to breast-feed, you'll need a pump to express your milk for when you're away or when Dad feeds the baby. Pacifiers are helpful in comforting and soothing your newborn. Bathing your baby is easier if you have a baby bath tub. Hooded baby towels and small, soft baby wash clothes are ideal for bathing and drying your baby. Use no-tears baby shampoo and gentle soaps, soft brushes and fine-toothed combs for grooming and baby nail clippers to trim baby's nails. Keep an abundant supply of diapers, baby wipes, diaper rash ointment, petroleum jelly and lotions on hand for every-day use.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/218969-list-of-things-for-new-baby/#ixzz2GtOSpk1p Weight of baby 26 % Body fluids Increase in breast tissue Increase in fat stores Increase in blood volume Uterus and supporting muscles Amniotic fluid Placenta 23% 10% 16% 6% 6% 6% 7% Folic acid (in multivitamins) is the synthetic form of the B vitamin and folate naturally occurs in these foods:
• Spinach
• Asparagus
• Artichoke
• Avocado
• Fortified pasta and bread
• Lentils
• Orange juice Non-vegetarian women who are not pregnant need 18 mg of iron a day. Vegetarians need even more, close to 30 mg per day.
So be sure to include iron-rich foods in your diet:

• Cooked spinach
• Fortified breakfast cereals
• Beans
• Red meat
• Instant oatmeal
• Dried apricots
• Prune juice Calcium requirements don't change, Beck said. Pregnant or not, women need 1,000 mg per day. So now is the time for women to make sure they're getting the equivalent of three servings of dairy or a calcium-fortified beverage (soy, rice, calcium-enriched orange juice) each day. Calcium is an important strategy later on in reducing the risk of pregnancy-related high blood pressure. Other good sources of calcium:
• Almonds
• Broccoli
• Bok choy Omega 3 fats
Add sources of omega 3 fats to your diet, they're very important for brain development in the third trimester and early infancy when women are breastfeeding their babies.

• Canned salmon
• Cooked salmon
• Trout
• Sardines Caffeine and Alcohol
Beck recommends that women attempting to conceive have no more than 300 mg of caffeine per day (approximately two small cups of coffee.
Absolutely avoid alcohol because women usually don't know they're pregnant for a few weeks. Just as important, avoid the following high mercury-containing fish.
• Shark (for the daring ladies )
• Swordfish
• Tuna steaks
• King mackerel Gestational diabetes often doesn't have any symptoms, but you may experience the following:
tiredness
excessive thirst
passing a lot of urine
blurred vision Eating a balanced diet of wholegrain carbohydrates, lean proteins and healthy fats. Regular exercise to help control your blood sugar levels. It's safe to do all sorts of exercise during pregnancy, such as yoga, Pilates, walking and swimming. Keeping your weight gain under control. Ideas conceived of pregnancy (Brainstorming exercise) The Sexual Health Centre
Main clinic location: 179 Clarence Street, Ottawa

Hours of operation:
•Mondays and Wednesday from 1 to 4 pm
•Tuesday and Thursday from 1 to 7 pm
•Friday from 9:30 am to 12:30 pm
** Please Note: Friday hours of operation will change to 9:00am to 12:00pm starting January 4th 2013.

The Sexual Health Centre opens 30 minutes prior to any walk-in clinic Adolescent Health Clinic, CHEO
The Young/Single Parent Support Network is a partnership between four agencies in the Ottawa area. The goal of this network is to provide services to pregnant teens, as well as to young and single parents. The network hosts two Health Canada projects: “Brighter Futures for Children of Young Single Parents” and “Prenatal Nutrition Ottawa - Buns in the Oven”.

Contact the Young/Single Parent Support Network at:
780 rue de l'Église
Ottawa, ON K1K 3K7
613-749-4584
info@ottawayoungparents.com

St. Mary's Home has continuously served pregnant youth in Ottawa since 1933 and is now the only licensed Maternity Home in Eastern Ontario. With its specialized residence and broad scope of community support services, St. Mary's Home has become a dynamic centre which offers a variety of targeted community support services from many agency partners. Programs are committed to building each young person’s resilience and strength.

780 rue de l'Église
Ottawa, ON K1K 3K7
613-749-2491
info@stmaryshome.com 401 Smyth Road
Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1
Fax: 613-738-4298 Centre Youville Centre
Ottawa-Carleton Inc.
150 Mann Avenue
Ottawa ON Canada
K1N 8P4

We help young single mothers provide a brighter future for themselves and their children.

While at our Centre, mothers receive a quality, accredited high school education through the M.F. McHugh Education Centre that features individualized programs, small classes and parenting courses.

Youville's dedicated team acts as positive role models for all students. A wide variety of support is provided to encourage young mothers to be independent, contributing members of society.

We provide A wide range of quality services
While the mothers are in school, their infants and toddlers are enrolled in the on-site day care. The children benefit from a quality early childhood learning program that addresses the social, emotional, cognitive, language and physical needs of each child. Nutritious meals and snacks are served daily.

Staff provide crisis intervention and counselling, advocacy, and referrals for current students, clients on Youville's waiting list, and former students. A young father's program is also delivered at Youville. It consists of a weekly support group, parenting support, individual counselling and a father/child drop in.

Through the Youville Centre, many young parents have obtained high school graduation diplomas. Several have gone on to college or university. Others have entered the world of work to enjoy rewarding and profitable employment.

For more information, or to book an appointment, please contact us. Our intake worker will provide assistance, answer questions and outline the registration process. Enrolment is continuous throughout the year. Calcium Weight Count Varicose veins Gestational diabetes Morning sickness Heart burn But it is surely worth it I promise you, lets explain each of the following, including some relief methods/techniques we could use. Many factors contribute to your child’s social and emotional development. These factors include their temperament,

cultural influences,

behaviour by role models,

feelings of security in relationships with adults,
chances given for social interaction. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGES 1 - 12 Your child will probably show pleasure when familiar adults are nearby. At this age, he’s developed close attachments to you and his other caregivers, and will use these relationships as a secure basis to explore the world around him. For example, he might be happy to dig in the sandpit on his own, but will come back to you from time to time. Your child will be experiencing and noticing a wider range of emotions, including fear, anger, affection, frustration, sadness and defiance.
As your toddler is still learning how to control her emotions, she’ll tend to express and act on her impulses. This can lead to tantrums when she’s tired or frustrated. AGES 1 - 2 AGES 2-3
Needs to develop a sense of self.
enjoys praise.
Tests his/her powers; says "No!" often; shows lots of emotion, laughs, squeals, throws temper.

tantrums, cries violently.

Fears loud noises, quick moves, large animals, mother's departure.Avoid sudden situations involving these fears. Do not force or ridicule the child. AGES 3-4 Your child will start to label her own feelings and those of others based on facial expressions or tone of voice. For example, she might look at a picture in a book and say, ‘The boy is sad’. She might even understand, on a basic level, that feelings have causes –for example, ‘The boy is sad, he can’t find his truck’. Can leave mother for short periods but mother is still very important. Begins to notice differences in the way men and women act. Imitates adults. Starts to be more interested in others; begins group play; likes company. Is not ready for games or competition; groups are not well formed. Express interest in what the child has been doing while away from parent(s). Model the things you want the child to do, since at the start of gender role development the child will imitate adults. Provide enough materials so that several children can use them together. Help the child find socially acceptable ways of dealing with others. Your child increasingly expresses a sense of self in terms of his abilities, characteristics, preferences and actions. For example, she says, ‘Look at me! I’m building a castle!’ She also compares herself to others – for example, ‘Maria can ride a bike, but I’m still learning’.
Your child continues to gain an understanding of the causes of feelings, and that others might feel differently about the same situation. For example, she says, ‘I want to play on the swings, but Theo doesn’t’.
Your child learns coping strategies (for example, using words, pretend play, drawing and so on) to establish greater control and competence in managing intense emotions. For example, after going to the hospital after a bad fall, she might repeatedly play out the experience with dolls and stuffed animals. Exhibits a great deal of name calling; can be demanding and/or threatening. Often is bossy, belligerent; goes to extremes, bossy then shy; frequently whines, cries, and complains. Often tests people to see who can be controlled. Has growing confidence in self and world. Is beginning to develop some feeling of insecurity Keep a sense of humor. Provide outlets for emotional expression through talking, physical activity, and creative media. Establish limits and adhere to them. Provide opportunities for talking about self and family. Strengthen positive self-esteem by pointing out the things child can do for self. AGES 4 - 5 AGES 6-7 Describes self based on external characteristics, such as physical attributes, name, possessions and age (e.g., says, "I am six and I have brown hair."). Often evaluates own abilities highly (e.g., when asked if he is good at painting, he looks somewhat mystified and says, "Yes, I am a good artist."); such evaluations can be inaccurate or based on limited views. Copes poorly with failure and does not take criticism well. Feels insecure as a result of drive toward independence Generally is rigid, negative, demanding, unadaptable, slow to respond; exhibits violent extremes; tantrums reappear If not the winner, often makes accusations that others are cheating Give child time, freedom, and opportunities to practice being independent. Be patient and understanding. Set reasonable limits, offer explanation of limits, help child keep within them. Provide simple experiences in which the child can successfully do things for self. Praise often.
Be firm in following through with your instructions, but do not punish the child for expressing feelings and showing independence. He/she is not deliberately being "bad" but cannot control feelings until he/she has expressed them.
AGES 8-10 AGES 11-12 "Is typically more dramatic, explosive, demanding and outgoing than last year. Increases use of self-management skills, stable emotional expressions and use of more indirect methods of self-control (e.g., reading a book, leaving a group that is losing control). May still insist on having own way but is able to listen to reason. May act rude or unreasonable if things do not go as desired, but will recognize behavior and apologize

Has a more complex emotional life made up of mixtures and blends of feelings (e.g., an emotion like "frustration" can be directed at self and at a situation, and can be combined with "resolve and focus" or "disappointment and resignation"). Provide reasonable sympathy. Provide child with a locked box or drawer. Teach that others also make mistakes. Keep directions simple; avoid "I already know" responses by not over directing. Allow expression of negative emotions while maintaining limits. Be patient with giggling and accept humor. Is concerned with style.
Allow child to select clothes and hair style, within a firm budget.
Likes privacy Provide for personal space. Not an angry age; anger, when it comes, is violent and immediate; seldom cries but may cry when angry. Recognize and accept angry feelings, tears of temporary duration, and outbursts. Help child set the rules and decide own responsibilities. Give child opportunity to make decisions. Anger is common; resents being told what to do; rebels at routines. Part two of summative hope this has covered some of your burning questions about being a parent! THE END.
FUTURE best of luck!
Full transcript