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The History of Instructional Design &

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Ling Zhang

on 19 June 2014

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Transcript of The History of Instructional Design &

What is Instructional Design?
Instructional design is the creation of “instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective, and appealing.” (Merrill, Drake, Lacy, Pratt, 1996) Generally, instructional designers use specific tools and techniques to create instructional materials.
The History of
Instructional Design & Technology
The History of Instructional Design & Technology

Early 1900's
Instructional TV
WWII Training films
Two core components of IDT
Instructional design prior to the 20th century
Use of media for instruction
Use of systematic instructional design practices
Instructional Media refers to the physical means via which instruction is presented to learners. (Reiser & Gagné, 1983)
School Museums
Visual Education
lantern slides
Instructional Films
Visual Instruction to Audiovisual Instruction
Instructional Radio
Established the Division of Visual Instruction in 1923
Sound Motion Pictures & Sound Recordings
Cone of Experience
B.F. Skinner
Behaviorism and Operant Conditioning
Benjamin Bloom Learning Taxonomy
Robert Mager
Robert Gagne
The Conditions of Learning
DAVI became AECT(Association for Educational Communications and Technology)
Microcomputers were increasingly being used for instructional purposes
David Merrill Component Display Theory
Thomas Gilbert
Performance Technology
Use internet for distance learning
Digital Age
Cognitive learning theories continue to evolve

Constructivist approaches that focus more on the learner and real-world applications begin to emerge
2000 Interactive Age - The New Millennium
As new innovations in technology emerge,
the future of instructional design will become more sophisticated and robust.
Full transcript