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The History of Instructional Design &
Transcript of The History of Instructional Design &
Instructional design is the creation of “instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective, and appealing.” (Merrill, Drake, Lacy, Pratt, 1996) Generally, instructional designers use specific tools and techniques to create instructional materials.
The History of
Instructional Design & Technology
The History of Instructional Design & Technology
WWII Training films
Two core components of IDT
Instructional design prior to the 20th century
Use of media for instruction
Use of systematic instructional design practices
Instructional Media refers to the physical means via which instruction is presented to learners. (Reiser & Gagné, 1983)
Visual Instruction to Audiovisual Instruction
Established the Division of Visual Instruction in 1923
Sound Motion Pictures & Sound Recordings
Cone of Experience
Behaviorism and Operant Conditioning
Benjamin Bloom Learning Taxonomy
The Conditions of Learning
DAVI became AECT(Association for Educational Communications and Technology)
Microcomputers were increasingly being used for instructional purposes
David Merrill Component Display Theory
Use internet for distance learning
Cognitive learning theories continue to evolve
Constructivist approaches that focus more on the learner and real-world applications begin to emerge
2000 Interactive Age - The New Millennium
As new innovations in technology emerge,
the future of instructional design will become more sophisticated and robust.