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Figurative Language Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy

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Shannon C.

on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy

Figurative Language
Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Metonymy
Figurative Language...?
Google says:
"language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation"
- A figure of speech in which one thing is described through the comparison to another thing, which may be

- Similes can be identified by their use of 'like' or 'as' in their comparisons.

"Similis" is latin for 'like'

- Similes generally demonstrate that the first object possess a similar quality to the second.
"a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable."

Ex: Her coal eyes...

You've reached the top of the mountain.
So tell us... which is which?

1. Life is like a mountain.
2. Life is a mountain.
3. The mountain stared back.
4. O, mountain...
5. The peak stared back.
Thank you!

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?
by Langston Hughes

#1 You're a falling star, you're the get away car.

#2 You're the line in the sand when I go too far.

#3 You're the swimming pool, on an August day.

#4 And you're the perfect thing to say.

#5 You're every minute of my everyday.

Activity time!
Is it a simile...or a metaphor?
Mine, said the stone,
mine is the hour.
I crush the scissors,
such is my power.
Stronger than wishes,
my power, alone.

Mine, said the paper,
mine are the words
that smother the stone
with imagined birds,
reams of them, flown
from the mind of the shaper.

Mine, said the scissors,
mine all the knives
gashing through paper’s
ethereal lives;
nothing’s so proper
as tattering wishes.

As stone crushes scissors,
as paper snuffs stone
and scissors cut paper,
all end alone.
So heap up your paper
and scissor your wishes
and uproot the stone
from the top of the hill.
They all end alone
as you will, you will

David Mason
Song of the Powers
"the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form."
Obligatory Definition Time:
Apostrophes are used to directly address “a person (generally absent or dead), an abstract concept, or an important object."
Ex: "O Captain, my Captain."
- Addresses Lincoln, who is dead
"Twinkle, twinkle, little star..."
- Addresses a star, which is not sentient

"Apostrophe! We thus address
More things than I should care to guess.
Apostrophe! I did invoke
Your figure even as I spoke."
Handy dandy prononciation guide:
More common examples:
"For Crown and country..."
The Crown = The Queen
"I'm heading down to the tracks today..."
The track = racing grounds
"You can call us Aaron Burr, from the way we're droppin' Hamiltons"
Hamiltons = $10 bills
How does this differ from the equally hard to pronounce
Association v. Partition
A car can be associated with a ride. Thus calling your car, "my ride" is a metonymy.
Referring to your car as "wheels" is a synecdoche, because it uses part of the actual car to refer to it.
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