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Understanding Muslims

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Katie Spink

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Understanding Muslims

Working in close cooperation with the CIA, the New York City Police Department has established a type of intelligence service, which is right on the verge -- or beyond -- of what is legally permissible because it specifically targets Muslims in surveillance operations. In neighborhoods with large Muslim populations, undercover agents have been placed to keep their ears open in bookstores, mosques and even ethnic beauty salons, without any prior suspicion that preparations are being made to commit a crime. This news is prompting some Muslims to stop frequenting places out of fear of being monitored, or avoiding discussion of politically sensitive topics.

Muslims can now expect to be regularly subjected to special treatment at checkpoints in airports, and sometimes they have to comfort their children after they have been called terrorists by their school classmates. They are shocked when, for example, a Muslim taxi driver is murdered in New York, when a plastic pig is placed in a mosque in Madera, California, or when building materials for a mosque go up in smoke in Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

US Muslim women are among the best-educated American women of any religious group, second only to Jewish women. At the same time, they are less likely to report feeling respected in their daily life.

At the same time, 56 per cent of Muslim-Americans considered themselves to be "struggling", the highest of any group. With respect to what the researchers called "emotional well-being", US Muslims reported experiencing more stress than other groups - though about the same amount as the general population - and considerably more anger. They also were least likely to report feeling a lot of happiness the day before

Polls have shown that many Americans feel a growing wariness toward Muslims after the 9/11 attacks and after years of fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Mosques and Islamic community centers in the United States — most prominently one proposed near ground zero in Manhattan — have faced substantial opposition.

Professor Ahmed said that Muslims in the United States were generally reluctant to stick their necks out and complain about discrimination, partly in the belief that attitudes toward them will gradually improve. But he said that growing intolerance has prompted more Muslims to stand up for their rights and file E.E.O.C. complaints. How Being Muslim Affects Behavior in the Larger Environment Islam BASIC BELIEFS OF THE ISLAMIC FAITH


The oneness of God (Allah) - For Muslims, there is no entity worthy of worship but Allah. Allah has no partners, no progeny and no gender.

Belief in God's prophets - Muslims believe that Allah's message was given to numerous prophets, including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, and Jesus, and other prophets common to Christianity and Judaism, as well as Muhammad. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last prophet, in part because he had the most success instituting God's word in his lifetime.

Belief in angels - Muslims believe in spiritual beings who do the will of God.

Belief in sacred books - These include the Torah, the Psalms, the Gospel, and the Quran.

The day of judgment and resurrection - Muslims believe that human beings are accountable for their behavior during their lifetimes. At death, that behavior is part of what determines how the person will be judged.

The prophet Muhammad - God's last last prophet and messenger to humanity Islam Statistics - In 2030, 1/4 of the world's population will be Muslim

-U.S. Muslims will go from a minority or less than 1% of the nation, to 1.7% or 2.6 million people in 2010 to 6.2 million.

-Islam is the second largest religion in the world.

-Not all Muslim are Arabs. Being an Arab is a type of heritage and the majority of Muslims are not Arab. About 10% are not Muslim.

-The majority of the world's Muslims live in Asia.

-25% of Muslim Americans are African Americans

-Large populations are centered in California, New York, Illinois, New Jersey, Indiana, and Michigan Understanding Muslim Culture Cara Macon, Katie Spink, Micah O'Dell, Melissa Hutchins, and Caytlin Komara Declaration of Faith - This is what people say to become Muslim, and it is repeated during prayer, in the call to prayer, and at other times during the day. This declaration of faith, called the shahada, states, "There is no god but God and Muhammad is his messenger."

Prayer - Muslims are supposed to make five daily ritual prayers -- one at dawn, one at noon, another in the afternoon, at sunset, and before bed. These prayers may be performed alone or in a group. Friday is the Muslim Sabbath, so people may gather in a mosque for the noon prayer. This is called juma'a.

Giving charity - Muslims are required to give of their bounty to those who have less. This is called zakat, which literally mean "purification." It is a tax of 2.5% of one's annual savings.

Fasting during the month of Ramadan- Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims fast from dawn until dusk. They abstain from food, water, sex, cigarettes, gossip, anger, backbiting, and other negative behaviors. The fast is designed to encourage self-discipline and sympathy. Ramadan is the month when the first revelation was given to the prophet.

Pilgrimage, or hajj - If they are financially and physically able, Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage, or hajj, to Mecca once during their lives. Mecca is in Saudi Arabia, and is the site of the Kaaba, the building Muslims believe was the first house of worship dedicated to the one God. Helpful websites 2000 Dialogues
http://www.20000dialogues.org/page/inside_islam.html

Teaching Tolerance
http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/debunking-stereotypes-about-muslims-and-islam Working in close cooperation with the CIA, the New York City Police Department has established a type of intelligence service, which is right on the verge -- or beyond -- of what is legally permissible because it specifically targets Muslims in surveillance operations. In neighborhoods with large Muslim populations, undercover agents have been placed to keep their ears open in bookstores, mosques and even ethnic beauty salons, without any prior suspicion that preparations are being made to commit a crime. This news is prompting some Muslims to stop frequenting places out of fear of being monitored, or avoiding discussion of politically sensitive topics.

Muslims can now expect to be regularly subjected to special treatment at checkpoints in airports, and sometimes they have to comfort their children after they have been called terrorists by their school classmates. They are shocked when, for example, a Muslim taxi driver is murdered in New York, when a plastic pig is placed in a mosque in Madera, California, or when building materials for a mosque go up in smoke in Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

US Muslim women are among the best-educated American women of any religious group, second only to Jewish women. At the same time, they are less likely to report feeling respected in their daily life.

At the same time, 56 per cent of Muslim-Americans considered themselves to be "struggling", the highest of any group. With respect to what the researchers called "emotional well-being", US Muslims reported experiencing more stress than other groups - though about the same amount as the general population - and considerably more anger. They also were least likely to report feeling a lot of happiness the day before

Polls have shown that many Americans feel a growing wariness toward Muslims after the 9/11 attacks and after years of fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Mosques and Islamic community centers in the United States — most prominently one proposed near ground zero in Manhattan — have faced substantial opposition.

Professor Ahmed said that Muslims in the United States were generally reluctant to stick their necks out and complain about discrimination, partly in the belief that attitudes toward them will gradually improve. But he said that growing intolerance has prompted more Muslims to stand up for their rights and file E.E.O.C. complaints. How Being Muslim Affects Behavior in the Larger Environment
Family laws pertaining to marriage and divorce that reinforce the image of relationships based on a hierarchy with the rights of the husband superseding those of the wife and that prevent women from being in control of their lives.

Violence against women which occurs in the home, community, and as a consequence of warfare which is claimed by some to be allowed by Islam when it is not.

Abuse of certain Islamic practices that affect women negatively, such as polygamy and temporary marriage, when applied out of context and without abiding by Islamic restrictions.

Excluding women from religious activities such as attendance in the mosque which has clearly been established as the Muslim woman's right.

Failure to promote the importance of a woman's contribution to society beyond child-bearing.

Failure to enable women to take advantage of rights of property ownership and inheritance outlined by Islam.

Focusing on the behavior of women as a marker for morality in society and subjecting them to harassment, intimidation or discrimination.

Lack of awareness of the important role of men in contributing significantly in sharing household responsibilities and child-rearing as exemplified by Prophet Muhammed. Major Problem Areas in the Muslim Culture Muslim Resources CAIR: Council on American-Islamic Relations.
Access: http://www.cair.com/.


Islamic Relief USA:
Access: http://www.irusa.org/.

ISNA: Islamic Society of North America.
Access: http://www.isna.net/.


Muslim Public Affairs Council:
Access: http://www.mpac.org/.


Muslim Students Association (MSA).
Access: http://msanational.org/. Examples of Muslim Discrimination  The commission sued JBS Swift

Discrimination case filed against Abercrombie & Fitch

Agency sued Four Points by Sheraton hotel in Phoenix.

Imane Boudlal, a 26-year-old from Casablanca, Morocco

The Muslim Center developed on ground zero’s Park 51 How Being Muslim Affects Behavior in the Larger Environment
•The New York City Police Department has established a type of intelligence service, that specifically targets Muslims in surveillance operations.

Muslims can now expect to be regularly subjected to special treatment at checkpoints in airports, and sometimes they have to comfort their children after they have been called terrorists by their school classmates.

US Muslim women are among the best-educated American women of any religious group, second only to Jewish women. At the same time, they are less likely to report feeling respected in their daily life.

At the same time, 56 per cent of Muslim-Americans considered themselves to be "struggling", the highest of any group. With respect to what the researchers called "emotional well-being",

Professor Ahmed said that Muslims in the United States were generally reluctant to stick their necks out and complain about discrimination

Polls have shown that many Americans feel a growing wariness toward Muslims after the 9/11 attacks and after years of fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. NYPD Surveillance Program Extensive surveillance program targeting American Muslims throughout the Northeast
beginning in New York
causing outrage throughout nation
"This program has stifled speech, communal life and reigns practice and criminalized a broad segment of American Muslims. The isolation that comes with being 'spied on' community means that American Muslims are getting fundamentally inferior opportunity to exercize their constitutional rights." - Diala Shamas
Monitoring in public arenas
Affecting participation levels and involvement in social, religious, and community activities
Community Safety Act Ban The Patriot Act Signed into law October 26th 2011
"Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001"
Passed hurriedly/hastily
fear
paranoia
hatred
wake of 9/11 attacks
Congressmen/Senators admittance of not actually reading or even having seen the bill before signing
It's unanimous! And a secret... Muslim Resources in the Auburn Area Muslim Students Association Auburn University Multicultural Center Auburn Islamic Center Islam Search Center What The Patriot Act Did - Broadened discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts
- Mostly allows law enforcement to use "sophisticated surveillance" against suspected terrorism
- expanded definition of terrorism to include "domestic terrorism"
domestic terrorism: practiced in own country against own people (Oklahoma City bombings) If you'd like a full and detailed outline of
everything the Patriot Act allows law enforcement
to do, here is a link
http://www.justice.gov/archive/ll/highlights.htm Muslim students were victimized through hate crimes in the Auburn Area NASW Code of Ethics, section 1.05 Cultural Competence and Social Diversity “Social workers should understand culture and its function in human behavior and society, recognizing the strengths that exist in all cultures. Social workers should have a knowledge base of their clients’ cultures and be able to demonstrate competence in the provision of services that are sensitive to clients’ cultures and to differences among people and cultural groups. Social workers should obtain education about and seek to understand the nature of social diversity.” Common Misconceptions held about Muslim people: Muslims are just ‘someone over there’.
Muslims beat their wives.
Muslims are supposed to kill nonbelievers.
Islam is made up of the characters for ‘peace’ and ‘submission to God’.
So it means attaining peace by submitting to God. What Muslims believe: There is one God, and Islam is very similar to Judaism and Christianity.
There is a difference in what you believe and in what you do.
There are major differences between the beliefs practiced by individuals.
Many differences are attributed to misinterpretation of scriptures.
America is the best place for Muslims. Cultural aspects of the Muslim community: Mental health is not addressed at large in the Muslim community.
Instead, they rely on a large family networking system, and extended family is a huge deal.
When some Muslims move to the U.S., they lose this familial support system.
The client needs support and many resources. Cultural aspects of the Muslim community: Managing their own culture within the U.S.’s society is often difficult.
Muslims are required to visit the sick.
This is often a problem in hospitals that are not built to require 400+ visitors. Cultural aspects of the Muslim community: Prayer
Muslims pray 5 times a day.
Employers must be conscious and accommodating of this.
This is also a time of reading scriptures and self-reflection.
Muslims in prayer will not respond to anyone disturbing them during this time. What a social worker needs to know: Be able to understand the culture and what they practice.
Step outside of your comfort zone and learn something new.
Be critical of your information, don’t believe everything you hear.
The Golden Rule applies to everyone.
There are 1.5 billion people who are not all the same.
Muslims are people too. 1.5 billion Muslims is equivalent to roughly 5 United States. Jihad. References http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/americas/american-muslims-feel-socially-isolated
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/24/business/24muslim.html?pagewanted=all
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/employers-discriminate-against-muslims-study-finds-2141134.html

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/the-terrorist-next-door-american-muslims-face-growing-prejudice-a-785836-2.html

http://onlinemuslimresources.com/category/charity/
http://crln.acrl.org/content/73/5/268.full
http://www.aril.org/Islam.html Muslims in the Media September 11, 2001 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airliners and carried out
suicide attacks against the United States' World Trade Center in New York City. Who are the Muslim Brotherhood? The Arab world's most influential and one of the largest Islamic movements. The Muslim Brotherhood issued a strongly worded statement unabashedly
rejecting the draft of UN declaration calling for an end to all forms of violence against women. Rep. Michele Bachmann (R-Minn.) alleges that the Muslim Brotherhood has infiltrated the top levels of U.S. government. Controversial movie "The Innocence of Muslims" This 13 minute movie was made by an Egyptian-American, Mark Basseley Yousef, based in the greater Los Angeles area. In an original English version and another dubbed into Egyptian Arabic, Muhammed is depicted as a fraud, womanizer, and a madman. It also shows him having sex and calling for massacres. September 11, 2012 Benghazi attack http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2012/sep/17/innocence-of-muslims-demonstration-film http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/michele-bachmann-muslim-brotherhood Amina Tyler FEMEN Activist 19 year old girl posted two pictures of herself topless to
the Tunisian FEMEN Facebook site.

Written in Arabic across her chest and stomach reads
"My body belongs to me and is not the source of anyone's honor." Tyler since reported death threats when she was in hiding.
In her honor, protestors declared April 4th Topless Jihad Day http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/elements/2013/04/amina-tyler-topless-photos-tunisia-activism.html References Continued... http://www.20000dialogues.org/page/inside_islam.html

http://www.linktv.org/teachers/onenation/facts_islam

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muslims/etc/what.html

http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/debunking-stereotypes-about-muslims-and-islam

http://www.tolerance.org/magazine/number-39-spring-2011/feature/combating-anti-muslim-bias

http://www.gallup.com/poll/148763/muslim-americans-no-justification-violence.aspx

http://www.gallup.com/poll/157082/islamophobia-understanding-anti-muslim-sentiment-west.aspx#4
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