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Estuary Project

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Lauren Obregon

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Estuary Project

ESTUARIES
MUDFLATS
ROCKY SHORES
SALT MARSH
THE BAY
Sea Anemone
Ever wondered what Sea Anemones really are? First, they’re actually a grown-up form of plankton. An anemone was a zooplankton when it was young. Second, Anemones have a close ally with algae. The algae gives the anemones color, while the anemone helps plankton with photosynthesis. Finally, they’re very tough, but oil can kill them. They can survive buried in sand for more than three months, but oil can completely destroy anemone habitats. In conclusion, Sea Anemones are very fascinating creatures.

Sea Anemones are very important in estuaries. They have allies and give food and light to other creatures. First, Sea Anemones have an ally with algae. Algae lives in the anemones tissues, giving them their color, and the anemone provides the light plankton need for photosynthesis. Second, Anemones have an ally with clownfish. Clownfish have a thick mucus layer protecting itself from the stings, and find sanctuary in the anemone return, the clownfish keeps the anemone clean and gives it scraps of its meals. Finally, the anemone is prey for many animals. Turtles, sea stars, and many more creatures find a tasty meal in anemones. In conclusion, Sea Anemones are very important to the animals in estuaries.

What would happen if sea anemones went extinct? Sea anemones provide a home for algae. If sea anemones went extinct, algae would have no place to go and would invade the waters. Clownfish need sea anemones and sea anemones need clownfish. If sea anemones went extinct, clownfish would have no shelter. Sea anemones are prey for many animals such as sea stars, fish and sea turtles. If sea anemones went extinct, it would disrupt the entire food chain. Many aspects of estuaries would be affected if sea anemones went extinct.
Human Impact
What is Human Impact on the rocky shores? First, humans are building to close to the rocky shores. This results in endangering creatures and less oyxgen. Second, the trash humans are dropping is dangerous for the creatures. We drop trash on the street, and it finds its way to the Rocky Shores, hurting animals. Humans are destroying the rocky shores by being “Loved to Death.” People visit the rocky shores and take “souvenirs” and tread on animals, which kills them. In conclusion, human impact rocky shores in many ways.

It is important to know about your impact on the rocky shores for many reasons. First, you have to know about your impact because creatures would be hurt if you didn’t. We have to be aware of our impact on tidepools. Second, we can observe more closely at what we’re doing. We need to pay more attention to our building and expanding, plus the effects on the rocky shores. If the information spread, it would benefit the creatures and us. This would result in more and cleaner air and the creatures wouldn’t be as endangered. In conclusion, it is very important to know about our impact in the rocky shore.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if human impact on rocky shores grew? The rocky shore animals would die. If human impact grew, there would be less homes for animals, and they would die. More human impact means more pollution, less air, and more smog. Finally global climate change. If the ocean temperatures warm up more, animals may leave habitats, and break the food chain. In conclusion, if human impact grew, it would make the rocky shores a worse place to live.

Crabs
Crabs are one of the many creatures on the salt marsh. Crabs have a thick exoskeleton which is sort of like having bones on the outside. The exoskeleton protects crabs from sometimes fatal injuries. Crabs don’t fight over food. Crabs stay on less populated parts of the salt marsh, making it easier to find food. Crabs have an adaptation to survive in many different habitats. For example, crabs can live in waters that are very salty on the salt marsh. In conclusion, crabs are more interesting than you thought.

Crabs are important to the salt marsh because they fertilize the soil, they feed many animals, and they let other animals get food. Crabs eat dead animals. By doing that, they fertilize the soil for worms. Crabs don’t fight over food. Crabs stay on a part of the salt marsh that doesn’t have many things on it. The crabs feed many animals. Without crabs, fish would die out and people who fish for life wouldn’t catch many fish. In conclusion, crabs in the salt marsh are very important.

Have you ever wondered what would happen to the estuary without crabs? First, the population would drop. Less fish, less food for people, some people would starve. Second, algae would overgrow. Crabs scrape algae off rocks and eat it. Finally, help worms survive. Worms fertilize the soil, less fertilized soil. In conclusion, many things would happen to the estuary without crabs.

Rocky Shores
Rocky Shores is one of the habitats found in estuaries. Rocky Shores are places filled with seawater and huge deep holes near the sea. They are formed as the sea washes in tow times a day. Rocky Shores are homes to many plants and animals. Kelp, sea anemones, sea urchins, barnacles, and so much more seek shelter in the Rocky Shores are important in ores. Rocky Shores are really hard to live in. Animals have to hide in mini pools or they will dry up a little. As you can see, Rocky Shores are important in estuaries.

Rocky Shores are extremely important to estuaries because they are home for animals they bring oxygen and food and they provide protection. Rocky Shores are home to many animals. There are dozens of species of plants and animals in Rocky Shores, like sea urchins, kelp, sea anemones, and more. Waves come in the rocky shores and other habitats and bring fresh oxygen and food to animals. Animals in tidepool Rocky Shores are protected from bigger waves. Rock Shores protect smaller animals from drifting to the ocean because animals have a place to attach. In conclusion, that is why Rocky Shores are important to estuaries.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if Rocky Shores were endangered? First, animals wouldn’t have homes and might die. Sea anemones, sea urchins, and kelp are some of the many plants and animals that would be without a home. Second, the food chain would break down. Supporting detail: If the Rocky Shores were endangered then plants would have not home and become endangered, then fish would have no food and become endangered, then otters and seals would have no food and become endangered, then there would barely be any sea animals in that area. Finally, other rocky habitats near by would become over populated. A lot of animals will have to leave and find a new home, but it would be too crowded and not have enough food for everyone. Those are just a couple of reasons why we need to take care of Rocky Shores.

Bat Stars
A Bat Star is one of the creatures found in rocky shores. Bat Stars throw out their stomach to catch food. When a Bat Star senses food, it pushes its stomach out over the food, lets out digestive juice so the food becomes liquid, then slurps it up. Bat Stars protect some worms. The Bat Stars protect some worms by hiding them inside themselfs and Bat Stars give them food and shelter. Bat Stars are a source of food. Larger sea creatures and some humans eat them. In conclusion, there are many reasons why Bat Stars are interesting creatures.

Bat Stars keep the surface clean, break down dead plant and animals and provide shelter. Bat Stars beating hairs keep the waters surface clean. The Bat Star’s beating hairs cause a current that washes away the bad stuff. Bat Stars clean up dead plants and animals. Bat Stars clean up dead plants and animals on the seafloor by eating them, so they won’t float up to the surface. Provide shelter and food for worms. Some worms live inside the Bat Star so they get food and Shelter. In conclusion, Bat Stars are very important to estuaries.

What would happen if Bat Stars were endangered? There would be less Zooplankton in the estuaries. When Bat Stars are born, they are Zooplankton, so there would be less Zooplankton in the estuaries. Bat Stars clean the dirty water. Bat Stars clean the top of the estuary’s surface so it won’t be dirty. The water’s surface would be filled with dead plant and animals. The Bat Stars clean dead plants and animals on the seafloor. In conclusion, this is what would happen to Bat Stars if they were endangered.
Sea Urchins
A sea urchin is an animal that mostly lives in tide pools. Sea urchins get food from many different sources. Sea urchins eat algae, sea lettuce, dead fish, and kelp. Sea urchins have predators. Sea stars, sea otters, lobster, wolf eels, crabs, seagulls, and more seek out sea urchins for food. Sea urchins have tube feet. There are 5 rows of feet shaped like tubes, which help them move and stick to rocks. In conclusion, sea urchins are interesting creatures that live in the estuaries.

Sea urchins are important to estuaries because they provide food, eat plants, and make homes. Sea urchins are food for animals. Sea urchins are food for animals such as sea stars, sea otters, lobster, wolf eels, crabs, sea gulls, etc. Sea urchins eat a lot of plants. For example kelp and algae, which sea urchins eat and it stops them from taking over. Sea urchins make holes. Sea urchins make holes for animals to live in. In conclusion, sea urchins are important to estuaries for many different reasons.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if sea urchins were endangered? First, if they were endangered there would be a lot of kelp. This is because sea urchins mostly eat kelp, so there would be a lot more kelp in the estuary. Second, predators wouldn’t have that option of food. Animals that eat sea urchins might have to leave their habitats to find more food. Finally, there would be less plankton. When sea urchins are born they are zooplankton so the number of zooplankton would decrease. In conclusion, many thins would be affected if sea urchins were endangered.
Sea Otters
If you’ve ever wondered what a sea otter is, find out more by learning what they need, how they can be harmed, and how they’re special. First, sea otters need certain behaviors & body parts to help them survive. In the bay sea otters have certain body parts & behaviors to help them survive. They clean their fur to keep water out, & they use tools (rocks) to help get food. Second, sea otters can be harmed by people, and sharks. When fishers put their nets in the water, sea otters nearby can get caught in them and die. Sharks like the idea of sea otters for lunch. So sea otters can be seriously injured or killed in these situations. Finally, sea otters have many different special features. One of the sea otters special features is that when they go under water there ears close so nothing gets in. Another one is that there fur keeps them warm. In conclusion, you know more about what exactly are sea otters.

Sea otters are important to estuaries because they help kelp forests, eat sea urchins and are a big part of the food web. First, sea otters have an important role in kelp forests. Kelp forests need to absorb vast amounts of CO2 and sea otters are helpful in doing so. Second, sea otters eat sea urchins to help the kelp stay healthy. Sea urchins eat pieces of kelp that fall to the floor of the bay. Then sea otters eat the sea urchins. If there were less sea otters sea urchins would take over the kelp in the bay. Finally, sea otters are a big part of the food web in the bay and ocean. Considering that sharks eat sea otters they are very important to estuaries. If there were less sea otters shark and other big animals could become endangered and there would be too much of what sea otters eat. In conclusion, sea otters are very important to estuaries and therefore are important to watery habitats in general.

Do you know how sea otters can be endangered and what would happen if they were endangered. Sea otters can be harmed so much they can become endangered. Sea otters get harmed by getting caught in peoples nets which will make sea otters die. Sea otters eat fish and sea urchins if they didn’t have these things they could become endangered. If sea otters were endangered it would affect the food web. Sharks eat sea otters and if they were gone, sharks would have no food and there would be too much fish and sea urchins. In conclusion it is important to be aware of sea otters and their needs.
Eelgrass
Eelgrass is one of the plants you can find in the bay. Eelgrass is a real plant that that lives in Bay and marshes and covered by saltwater. Eelgrass is not an algae. Eelgrass has shoots or blased and a central stem and roots that grow horizontally. Eelgrass can be used in agriculture. Seeds from Eelgrass were harvested like wheat by the Seri Native Americans. Eelgrass can he harmed in many ways. Too much algae growth buildings hanging over water and construction can cause too much and dirt to cover the Eelgrass. Now you know more information about Eelgrass.

Eelgrass provides many aspects to estuaries. Eelgrass provides a habitat for many fish in estuaries. One of the fish that seek a habitat in eelgrass are pipefish. Eelgrass is also a food source for many creatures. Eelgrass is an edible plant for creatures such as sea crabs and algae. Eelgrass acts as a nursery some animals lay their eggs in eelgrass leaves. Herring and other fish look for eelgrass so they can lay their eggs. In conclusion, eelgrass is important to estuaries for many reasons.

If eelgrass were endangered it would affect many parts of esuarys. First, there would be less places for fish to lay eggs. Herring and other fish that lay their eggs in eelgrass would have to find a new home. Eelgrass is a good source, and if it were endangered some animals would need to find a new food source. The food for sea crabs and algae would decrease a lot. Some fish more likely be eaten. Some fish like pipefish hide in eelgrass but if it were endangered, the pipefish would die. In conclusion, many things could happen if eelgrass were endangered.
Kelp
Kelp is a type of algae and a home for many animals. Kelp is actually a brown algae. Brown algae is like the algae that spreads across rocks. It grows a lot in the day. Kelp grows three to five inches a day and can grow up to 175 feet. Kelp has a holdfast instead of roots. A holdfast is the thing that secures the kelp to a rock instead of roots. In conclusion, kelp is an important member of the estuary community.

Kelp is important in many different ways, to the environment and people too. Kelp provides food for many organisms like sea urchins, abalones, etc.. The animals that kelp is grazed by are eaten by fish and fish is eaten by sea lions and etc…, so kelp keeps the food chain going. Second, it provides shelter for animals or organisms. Some live in the fold fast, the thing that holds it down. By providing shelter to animals, kelp also keeps the food chain going. Finally, kelp produced a gel called algin that is harvested to make many different things, like food. Algin is used to make gunpowder, ice cream, and medical tablets. In conclusion, kelp is important to us and other organisms in the estuaries in many different ways.

If kelp was endangered many things could be affected. If there is less gun powder. Things that need gun powder including fireworks would be harder to get. Less medicine for people that need it. Kelp is used to make tablets and pills that many people need to be healthy. Kelp also makes foods for people to eat. Kelp makes a gel that is used in some foods. In conclusion, this is why it would be bad for kelp to be endangered.
Human Impact
How does human impact effect the bay? First, some animals cling to the bottom of ships and let go in a different environment and kill animals that live there. Mussels and clams are often a problem. Second, humans litter and all the trash goes oceans and bays. Some of the things we litter are pet waste, garbage bags, plastic material, etc… Third, mud and fertilizer go into the bay. Mud fills the bay and fertilizer causes extra nutrients that make plankton blooms and can cause ecological problems. As you can see we affect the bay in many ways.

It is important to know about human impact in the bay for many reasons. First, pollution can hurt animals that live in the bay. Otters, seals and other animals think trash like garbage bags, plastic material, chemicals, etc is food. Second, be careful, you might be hurting the bay! When you accidentally let something fly out the window or are walking and let go of your soda you can think, where does it go? The oceans and bay. Third, agricultural runoff can harm the bay! Fertilizer can be washed down into the mud in the Bay. This is why we need to know about human impact in the Bay, so we can make positive changes.
Pickleweed
Pickleweed is a plant found in the salt marsh area of an estuary. The steams of pickleweed sucks all the salt water in the salt marsh. Other plants could not survive with that much salt in their stems. Once the plant has collected the salt, its stems turn coral or purple-pink. If the stems have turned one of these colors, they fall off, and add nutrients to the soil. You may not think this, but pickleweed produces flowers on their stems. In winter, when the plant dies, the flowers drop, creating a new pickleweed plant. In conclusion, pickleweed can provide important aspects for estuaries.

Have you ever wondered what pickleweed can provide for estuaries? Pickleweed provides food. Pickleweed stems die and fall off to create food for a wide range of animals to live there. Pickleweed also provides vital nutrients. Dead pickleweed works as a fertilizer for the salt marsh and soil. Pickleweed also provides hiding places and homes for some animals. Small crabs and mice are some of the things that make hiding places and homes in pickleweed. In conclusion, pickleweed does a lot for estuaries.

Human Impact
Have you ever wondered what effect human impact has on the salt marsh? First, mud could fill the salt marsh. The mud could fill the salt marsh very quickly and animals would have to leave and plant would die. Second, building on the salt marsh isn’t good for the habitat. If people build on the salt marsh it would wipe out the habitat, animals would either get hurt or over populate other habitats. Finally, plastic bottles and plastic six pack rings are very harmful. Plastic six pack rings can choke animals in the salt marsh. In conclusion, now you know what effect human impact has on the salt marsh.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if there were more human impact on the salt marsh? First, if there were more pollution, bad things would happen. Salt marshes can absorb pollution but they can’t filter it so if there was more pollution it will stay in the salt marsh. Second, people drain wetlands. Some people drain wetlands, if more people do the same we will have a small amount of wetlands left. Finally, animals would lose their homes. Animals living in the salt marsh would have to evacuate and live in a diffrent habitat wich will over populate. In conclusion, if there were more human impact on the salt marsh it would destroy the habitat.
Salt Marsh Birds
Do you wonder what salt marsh birds are? First, salt marsh birds have long legs, necks or bills. The long legs, necks, and bills are all to help get food. Second, salt marsh birds use the salt marsh in different ways. Some eat insects, seeds and small fish in the salt marsh, others make nests there. Finally, they are harmed by pollution, draining of wetlands and construction on the salt marsh. If they eat pollution (rubber bands for example) they could die. With draining and construction, it destroys the salt marsh that the birds depend on. In conclusion, salt marsh birds are good to know about.

Have you ever wondered why birds in the salt marsh are so important? First, salt marsh birds keep small creatures from over populating. Salt marsh birds keep small creature populations in tact by eating them. That keeps it from over population. Second, salt marsh birds transfer energy in the salt marsh. Salt marsh birds take small bugs and fish and transition them to nutrient like fertilizer. Finally, the salt marsh birds produce nutrients. The nutrients that salt marsh birds provide helps grow plants and fertilize them. In conclusion, salt marsh birds are important for many reasons.

If the birds in the mudflats were endangered there would be over population of smaller creatures, less nutrients, and more energy to transfer. If mudflat birds were endangered there would be over population of smaller creatures. For instance, worms would overpopulate and the mudflats would be more overcrowded. Second, birds provide nutrients, without it there would be a huge drop in nutrients. Bird scat gives nutrients like fertilizer, without it there won’t be enough nutrients for the plants to live off of. Finally, mudflat birds transfer energy from small animals to nutrients for the plants. Mudflats birds transfer 12% of energy from small animals to scat. And the scat is nutrients for plants. In conclusion, if mudflat birds were endangered, the mudflats would be a hard habitat to live in.

Bacteria
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Have you ever heard someone say “zooplankton” and wondered, “What is that?” Here is the answer. Zooplankton are usually microscopic animal plankton. Copepods, a type of zooplankton, are microscopic to .25 inches. Sea jellies, on the other hand, can be 7 feet long. The definition of the word “plankton” is it can’t swim against the tide on its own. Most zooplankton can move on their own, but not against a current. Some zooplankton grow out of being zooplankton, and become things like starfish. Other examples are abalone, sea urchins, and sea anemones. In conclusion, zooplankton are very interesting animals.

Have you ever wondered why zooplankton are important? Here’s why. Zooplankton are near the bottom of the food chain. If zooplankton dies out, so would everything else that eats them or eats things that eat zooplankton. One type of zooplankton helps make sure there is not too much bacteria. This type of zooplankton is called nanoplanktonic flagellates and it uses a net-ilke structure to catch the bacteria. In conclusion, zooplankton are very important.

Bacteria is a creature that can be found in many habitats within estuaries. Bacteria is a microscopic creature. That means that its very small creature and you need a microscope to see it. Bacteria can live in many habitats. Bacteria can live in any habitat whether it’s in water or on land. Bacteria can provide food for animals. Some type of worms and clams live by eating bacteria. In conclusion, bacteria plays many roles in the estuary.

Bacteria are important to estuaries because they provide food, release stuff into the ocean, and help break down detritus. Bacteria breaks down animals after the animal dies Bacteria slowly eats away the animals. Bacteria also eat fertilizer that comes down to the sea working as a natural “filter.” Bacteria releases important material back into the ocean. Bacteria releases carbon, nutrients, nitrogen, and phosphorus out into the ocean. Bacteria provides food for some animals. Some worms and clams live by eating bacteria. Now you see why bacteria is important to the estuary.

If bacteria was endangered many things would be affected. First, dead animals would not disappear fast as they do now. Bacteria eats the dead animals, and if it was endangered there would be dead animals laying around longer. Second, the source that bateria provides would be gone. Some types of worms and clams that eat bacteria will starve. Finally, Bacteria are important in cycling almost all nutrients. Bacteria is important in the nitrogen cycle and the phospherous cycle. In conclusion, many things could be harmed if bacteria was endangered.
Do you know what phytoplankton are? Phytoplankton are the smallest creatures in the estuary and they rely on the water’s movement to get around. You will need a microscope to be able to see a phytoplankton, as they are that small. Phytoplankton share many characteristics with plants. They do photosynthesis which helps them get food from the sun. Phytoplankton are the basis of the food web. Zooplankton eat phytoplankton and then larger creatures eat zooplankton, and so on. In conclusion, there are a lot of interesting facts about phytoplankton.

Have you ever wondered about why phytoplankton are important to estuaries? Phytoplankton provide food for the ocean. Phytoplankton are the bottom of the food chain and other sea creatures eat them and so on. Phytoplankton provide oxygen. Phytoplankton provide 50% of the world’s oxygen, and they do photosynthesis to produce oxygen. Photosynthesis is where phytoplankton get food from the sun, like land plants. Phytoplankton help fight global warming. Phytoplankton hold carbon dioxide, which helps reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In conclusion, phytoplankton do a lot of things to help estuaries.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if phytoplankton were endangered? First, there would be a big loss of oxygen. We would lose 50% of the worlds oxygen which phyoplankton produce. Second, the ocean food chain would be broken. Phytoplankton are the bottom of the food chain, so if they were endangered there would be less food for ocean life. Finally, there would be more carbon in the world’s atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is held by phytoplankton and if phytoplankton were endangered there would be more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which would make it hard for us to breathe. In conclusion, we need to make sure phytoplankton survive.
The Bay
A bay is important and also really cool. What is it? Here is the answer. The bay is a place where people can dock their boats. It is safe to dock at a bay because there is almost no waves. A bay can be called a lagoon. Other names for bays are sounds or bights. A bay is a piece of land partly surrounded by water. A bay is like a gulf in a way, except a bay is smaller. In conclusion, bays are really cool and interesting.

The bay is very important to estuaries because it is home to a wide variety of plants and animals, it’s a place where boats can dock, and where we can see wonders. First, the bay is a natural aquarium, teeming with hundreds of life forms ranging from bat stars to giant kelp. The many plants and animals living in the bay also includes crabs, sea otters, sea lions, barnacles, mussels, and much more. Second, the animals and plants are on full display at the bay. People can see the animals as well as in an aquarium. Finally, the bay is also where people can dock their boats so they can see the local area. If there was no bay, people would have no place to dock their boats. In conclusion, a bay is very important to an estuary.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if we endangered the bay? He is how impactful it would be. People living and working in the bay would lose their jobs and homes. People would have to leave the neighborhood and possibly go broke without a job or home. Migrating birds flying over the bay wouldn’t have a place to stop and rest. The birds might get tired and fall into the ocean out of exhaustion, and drown. Fish having babies in the bay would have no place to give birth. This would lower population of the fish, possibly leading to extinction. In conclusion, it’s really important that we keep the bay safe.
Mussels
Mussels are awesome because they live in shells. They’re animals that live in a shell in the rocky shores. Mussels have adaptations to stay safe from predators. Mussels move with small threads. They use threads to stick to rocks and other mussels. Mussels have plankton babies. They start out as zooplankton and grow up to be mollusks. These special traits are why mussels/mollusks are awesome!

Mussels are important to estuaries because they clean the water. Mussels are important because they help clean the water. They filter out bacteria, making the water safer for sea creatures. Mussels are a big part of the food chain. Sea stars, people and other animals eat them. They eat plankton. The larva of the mussels are important to the food web. Larvae are eaten by small fish. That is why mussels are important to estuaries.

What would happen if mussels were endangered? There would be less food for a lot of animals. Less food for: sea stars, birds, sea snails, and people. Mussels help clean the water. Without mussels the water would be full of animal waste. They also filter out bacteria. Mussels eat bacteria. In conclusion, the ocean would not be good without mussels.

Mudflats
If you’re reading this page for information then you’ve come to the right place. This essay is about what mudflats are. First, the mudflats are very sticky due to the tons of bacteria releasing bad smells. Vast quantities of bacteria turn dead organisms into nutrients and release bad smells that smell like rotten eggs. Secondly, mudflats can be home to many animals. Creatures like: Ghost shrimp, crabs, clams, and innkeeper worms have homes because of the mudflats. Lastly, the reason mudflats are very moist is because they are covered in high tide. When high tide happens water slowly comes up the whole mudflat. The water also brings new plankton for animals in the mudflats to eat. In conclusion, mudflats are very important to estuaries.

Mudflats are important because 1. they are home for many plants and animals 2. they provide food 3. they provide nutrients. Mudflats are home for many plants and animals. Ghost shrimp, inkeeper worms, crabs, clams, and more seek out shelter in mudflats. Mudflats provide food for many animals. The water is full of plankton that is eaten by many filter feeders. Mudflats provide nutrients for plants and animals. The rich dark earth is full of decaying materials that is nutrient rich and provides food. The mudflats are very important to these animals and the rest of the ocean.

Have you ever wondered what would happen if mudflats were endangered? First, if mudflats were endangered many animals would lose their homes. Organisms in the mudflats could die out and animals that preyed on them would die because they wouldn’t have anything to eat. Secondly, if mudflats were endangered componys could move buildings on to the mudflats and they would pollute the ocean and the bay. The buildings pollution would kill many animals including sea lions, sea otters, fish, etc… Lastly, the nutrient full earth provides food for animals and without that they would die. The decaying material makes food and if mudflats were endangered all this food would be gone. In conclusion, if mudflats were endangered, many animals would die out.
Innkeeper Worms
Innkeeper worms are very important to the mudflats. Innkeeper worms create homes for other creatures. Innkeeper worms make u-shaped holes and live in it with other animals. Innkeeper worms are prey for other animals. Innkeeper worms are prey for bat rays, leopard sharks, and otters, providing food for them all. Innkeeper worms share food with other animals. Innkeeper worms catch food like plankton in a mucus net that they make and share the food with the creatures that live with it. In conclusion, if innkeeper worms are not there, animals in the mudflats will not be very healthy.

It would be very bad if innkeeper worms became extinct. The predator of innkeeper worms could starve. Animals like bat rays, leopard sharks, otters, and many more creatures. The prey of innkeeper worms could overpopulate. Without innkeeper worms there could be too much plankton. Some animals would not have a home. Some animals depend on innkeeper worms for a home and food. In conclusion, in innkeeper worms were extinct, some animals in mudflats would not be able to survive!

Mudflat Birds
Human impact can be very harmful to mudflats. Fishing is one thing that can be harmful because some people use animals from the mudflats for bait. People sometimes build on mudflats. That can kill lots of organisms, plankton, and animals. There is a lot of water pollution as well, like chemical runoff from agriculture. In conclusion, human impact to the mudflats is very bad and it needs to stop soon!

Animals will be more healthy if we don’t harm the mudflats as much. Animals will be more safe. Animals will be able to do stuff like going out of their homes to get food without getting harmed by humans. There will not be that much trash. Animals will not die because there won’t be as much trash and animals will not eat it. There won’t be any buildings. Animals can survive because there won’t be any buildings. Animals in the mudflats will be more healthy if humans don’t harm the mudflats as much.
Human Impact
Have you ever wondered what a mudflat bird is? First, mudflat birds have different types of beaks. Some have up-turned beaks, others have down-turned beaks, and some have straight. Second, many things harm mudflat birds. Birds in the mudflats are harmed by oil spills, pollution, chemicals. Finally, the mudflat birds eat creatures in the mudflats. Birds in the mudflats eat small worm like creatures that burrow in the mud. In conclusion, now you know what mudflat birds are.

Birds in the mudflats are important to estuaries in many ways, such as: making food for works with their poop, and helping each other. First, mudflat birds can keep the populations of small creatures low. For example, if there were no mudflat birds there would be too many small creatures. Second, there poop provides nutrients for other creatures Worm and other animals in their burrows eat poop and without it they would die. Finally, the birds in the mudflats help each other in many ways. They don’t fight over food or hurt each other. In conclusion, estuaries really benefit from mudflat birds.
Clams
Have you ever wondered what clams are? Everyone knows that you can eat them but do you know what they really are? First, clams are a species of bivalve. Bivalves are a kind of animal that has one shell on each side of its body. Bivalves are a smaller category of the main category of mollusks. Secondly, there are many different kinds of clams. Some, like the bend nose clam have siphons that almost take up their whole body. Some other clams are: Geoduck, bendnose, siphon, and giant clams. Lastly, some clams have very big shells. Some can be as long as a ten year olds head. Clams like the geoduck clam have really big shells. Some are well over six inches! This may be because their ancestors had big shells. In conclusion, clams can be good food, but also a very interesting type of species in estuaries.

Ghost Shrimp
Have you ever wondered what ghost shrimp are? Here are some starters on what ghost shrimp are. First, ghost shrimp are invertebrates. Invertebrates are organisms without backbones. Since they don’t have backbones, they can go into tight spaces. Secondly, ghost shrimp have one big claw and one small claw. Their big claw is for breaking dead stuff down and their small claw is for taking smaller stuff to eat. Lastly, you can tell ghost shrimp are shrimp because of their tail. All shrimp tails have the same kind of tail. It’s a fan shaped tail that’s useful underwater and above. In conclusion, ghost shrimp are a very interesting organism in the estuaries.

Ghost shrimp have some very important roles in estuaries. Here are some reasons. First, ghost shrimp are reducers. As reducers they break down organisms to turn into nutrients for plants. Second, ghost shrimp collect particles of food in the water to clean it. They burrow almost constantly and can burrow down over 30 inches. More importantly, they clean the water by collecting particles of food on the way. Lastly, ghost shrimp burrows can provide a home for many other organisms. Their burrows make a home for many animals such as little crabs. In conclusion, ghost shrimp are important to estuaries for many different reasons.

If ghost shrimp were endangered, many things could be affected. First, if the bay ghost shrimp was endangered most dead organisms would not be broken down. Some dead organism would be floating around in the water. Secondly, when ghost shrimp dig they clear the water. Without ghost shrimp, the water would be contaminated. Ghost shrimp help by digging holes in the mud for animals to live in. Without ghost shrimp there wouldn’t be enough homes for the animals. Ghost shrimp are very important to the bay.

Sea Lions
https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1uKi4h16UApVxEsrCkJ5vVq6n2PK-TdKNj3K1HUA0c-0/pub?start=true&loop=false&delayms=3000
Egret's Perch Estuary Project
During the fall and winter, the Perch students used research, essay writing, and visual tools to synthesize their learning of estuaries. This journey started during the fall camping trip to Morro Bay and its estuary's habitats. Please click around this site to see writing and visual projects completed by the Perch.
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