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Deportation During the 1800's

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by

Robert Stone

on 5 June 2015

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Transcript of Deportation During the 1800's

Deportation During the 1800's
By Robert Stone 8.2

The Government needed a punishment which was more serious than a fine but not as extreme as the death penalty
Australia
During the 19th century
crime rates suddenly became higher than ever before.
So the
Government
decided that
the best option
would be to send
convicted criminals
to other countries
so they could work
at for example mines
farmland or
factories until their
sentences had been
served.

Why Did Deportation Start ?
Deportation started
in1788
The majority of people sentenced to Deportation went to Australia
People were also sent to America before the revolution of 1776
Hundreds of the
surviving
criminals would arrive on ships called Hulks. These where actually just old warships they used these because it was a lot cheaper than having new boats made.
The convicts would leave the Incredible Hulk and move onward to serve their sentence in Australia
However
there were
a few
problems
Firstly the Australian settlers weren't exactly over keen on the idea of
Britain using their country as a dumping ground for criminals
Secondly, deportation seemed to have very little or no effect on the crime rates because...
... as i mentioned earlier just like Henry Catlin after serving their sentences many of the convicts decided it would be a good idea to turn over a new leaf and strat a brand new life for this reason this punishment wasn't an effective deterant.


This in turn created another problem. Whereas all lawful Citizens of Britain would have to pay money for their trips to Australia, criminals sentenced to deportation on the other hand could simply get in the country for free.
So by the year 1868 an Act was passed by Parliament to stop deportation however this was still used in exceptional circumstances.
During the hugely dangerous and lengthy journeys which could take 6 months or more, there were death rates of
1 in 3 (don't forget this was an alternative to hanging)
On one of these trips there was a 14 year old named Henry Catlin who after stealing only 3/6d (worth around 17 1/2 pence in today's money) was sentenced to deportation for 14 years.
As well as this most boats had a strict daily routine which included getting up at 6:00am and not resting until 9:00pm.
He was transported to Van Diemens land in Tasmania just south of Australia he arrived with a total of 185 other surviving convicts.
I am glad to say that his story, unlike many others, has a happy ending. He served his sentence for seven years until he was given a ticket of leave it was then that he decided to start a fresh new life in Australia.
It was not so long after this that he met a woman named Harriet who he later married in 1852. they then had 7 children (two of which died before the age of 2) and he then continued to live to the age of 92.
Don't forget Henry was just one of 162,00 people who were sent to Australia all with their own stories.
So all in all deportation seemed to work out for, some people...
Thank You for Watching!
What the hell
are these?
Full transcript