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The Birth Evolution of Ballet Folklórico
Transcript of The Birth Evolution of Ballet Folklórico
Ballet Folklórico Evolution in the United States
Several of the Mexican folkloric dance groups were and are until this day influenced by Amalia Hernández dance company Ballet Folklórico de México.
Mexico's modern folk dance tradition is a blending of music elements from its indigenous and European heritage.
Most of the modern folk dances that are performed in today's time took on their modern form during the colonial period of the Mexican War of Independence.
Ballet Folklórico de México
With Amalia's purpose and vision of further developing the culture traditions in Mexico, it brought positive aspects for the group as well as the attention of the Mexican Department of Tourism.
With the dance company tremendous success through Mexico and other countries in the world, Southern Californian Mexican folk dancing was taken in a different approach and meaning.
The birth of a new ballet folklórico
Modern folk dancing became a tremendous success with the help of Amalia Hernandez, which became the founder for Ballet Folklórico de México in Mexico City of 1952.
Modern folk dancing took a changing pathway once after the Mexican Revolution of the Porfirian era.
Several of the dances were used to represent as political tool to evoke feelings of patriotism or "libertad."
Throughout its time, modern folk dance evolved drastically mostly in the low class indigenous, mestizos and African American descendents.
Its first adaptation was allowing the indigenous to continue their dances with religious aspects in regarding homage to the "La Virgen de Guadalupe."
Where did ballet folklórico originate from?
By the 1930s, modern folk dancing was promptly educating education centers throughout Mexico.
She began dancing at a young age where she trained American and Mexican modern dance.
Her motivation of studying classical dance gave her to opened doors to form and discipline, however, the history and traditions of Hernández’ home country of Mexico were the driving forces behind her creativity.
At the same time, she had inspiration from the music that her father listened to out in the country.
Hernández’ childhood experiences of dance grew into a quest to restore the dancing traditions of Mexico.
With her great enthusiasms that she had for modern folk dancing, she established to open a dancing institution in 1952 known as Ballet Folklórico de México with the help of eight other dancers, but most importantly the help of her eldest daughter Norma López Hernández.
In 1959, the dance company was asked to prepare a special program for the Pan-American games in Chicago.
this resulted in giving the dance company opportunity to travel to Cuba and Canada to participate in local festivities.
Amalia's purpose through her dance company was not just to only reflect her love of her native Mexico but also provide a history of Mesoamerican culture.
In 1958, the department asked Amalia to take Ballet Folklórico de México to North America with the endorsement of her home country.
In the 1960s, Amilia and the dance company developed the choreography for 40 ballets, some of which used over 70 folk dancers in a single piece.
At the same time, during the 1960s and 70s, the company toured throughout the world under the leadership of the great North American impresario Sol Hurok.
The company performed at the White House for President Kennedy and Mrs. Kennedy to command performances at the feet of the Sphinx in Egypt, the Ballet Folklórico de México brought the richness of Mexican culture to millions
During the 1960s and 70s, folklorico became a political statement about who Mexicans were and the importance of retaining to their cultural roots.
Within ten years every Middle school, high school and four-year institution of higher learning in the Los Angeles had a folklorico class as part of its offerings.
however, several of the Caucasian known as the "majority" of the people were still not an agreement in having folk dancing at schools because it was not relevant with "American culture."
Despite that Mexican folk dancing was not an "American culture", some Caucasians did not want their children or students to know about the history of the Mexican revolution or anything related with their "neighborly friend."
"Las Adelalitas" were women that fought the liberty rights of the indigenous people in the Mexican Revolution accomping next with General Villa and General Zapata, (As it is shown in the video below)
For example, one of the folkloric dances that describes the history of Mexico is "
On the other hand, for Mexicans it was important to describe their history in the folk dances.
Challenges in the United States
Many of these folkloric dance groups are well known across in the United States and Canada through the National Mexican Folk Dance Association or as for the state of California, it is hosted by Danzantes Unidos.
Ballet folklórico has evolved throughout the years since the 1960s or 1970s in not just with the music, but within the people in Mexico, U.S.A., Canada and other countries around the people.
Despite that these folkloric dance groups were or are not originated from Mexico, Amalia's purpose has impacted their dance groups or institutions to grow as a team.
Several of these dance groups or institutions have developed their folkloric dancing techniques due to the help of Amalia's dance company and other folkloric dance groups that reunite for the annual National Mexican Folk Dance Association or for Danzantes Unidos.
When all of these folkloric dance groups reunite for this spectacular event, everyone becomes social and united as a family to embrace their Mexican cultural custom roots.
For example, some of these folkloric dance groups mission is to engage their hometown community with high quality arts outreach.
At the same time, some of these folkloric dance groups focus on teaching the artistic excellence of folklorico and promoting positive youth development and encouragement within the crossing of cultural boundaries by students and their families.
The ambition of these folkloric dance groups is to have a strong education of children in regards to respect for the Mexican culture through the knowledge of history and dance.
Some of the folkloric groups that attend the annual National Mexican Folk Dance Association or Danzantes Unidos are:
-Aspen Santa Fe Ballet Folklórico
-Baila! Baila!, Inc.
-Ballet Folklórico de Alburqueque
-Ballet Folklórico del Valle
-Ballet Folklórico Fiesta Mexicana
and as for other folkloric dance groups that attend to the annual conference.
"Amalia Hernández, Icono De La Danza Mexicana." Azteca Noticias – Fuerza Informativa Azteca. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2014. <http://www.aztecanoticias.com.mx/notas/entretenimiento/173205/amalia-hernandez-icono-de-la-danza-mexicana>.
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