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World War II

US and World History

Travis L. Moore

on 17 November 2016

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Transcript of World War II

June, 1919
Treaty of Versailles Signed
This effectively ended World War I and left Germany with the brunt on the blame.
April, 1919
League of Nations Formed
This international group's mission was to maintain peace.
July, 1921
Adolf Hitler Gains Control
The World War I veteran gains control over the National Socialists Party in Germany.
November, 1923
Beer Hall Putsch Fails
Hitler's National Socialist, or Nazi Party, attempts to overthrow the reeling German government.
He is sentenced to five years in prison, but serves just over one.
November, 1923
German Mark Hits New Low
The value of the German monetary unit, the mark, began a decline in value at the end of WWI.
By the end of 1923, it took about 2.5 million marks to equal one US dollar.
July, 1925
"Mein Kampf" is Published
Translated "my struggle," Hitler included both autobiography elements and his political views in the book.
September, 1926
Germany is Admitted
The League of Nations admits Germany into the group.
October, 1929
Black Tuesday
The stock market crashes in the United States, sparking events leading the country into the Great Depression.
September, 1930
Nazi Party in Power
Germany elects the Nazi Party, giving them legitimacy and control.
It also paves the way for Adolf Hitler's ultimate control.
January, 1933
Adolf Hitler on Top
Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.
February, 1933
German Reichstag Burns
The Nazi Party sets fire to the Reichstag building, which was the seat of the German government.
This act allowed Hitler to take absolute power under the prefix of "protecting the nation's security."
March, 1933
Oranienburg Opens
The first of many concentration camps opens in Berlin.
While later camps targeted the Jewish population, this camp was used to hold those who opposed the Nazi Party.
April, 1933
Nazis Boycott Jews
Prosecution of Jewish population begins with business boycotts.
May, 1933
Nazi Book-Burning
Thousands of German students gather and burn any book containing "non-German" ideas (like Freud, Einstein, HG Wells, etc.).
June, 1933
Dachau Opens
First Nazi-run concentration camp opens in Germany; first prisoners: any who opposed Nazi Party. Later prisoners: Jews.
Dachau prisoners were forced to stand outside for hours without movement.
October, 1933
Germany Quits
Germany drops out of the League of Nations.
August, 1934
"Leader and Chancellor"
Hitler named Führer und Reichskanzler (leader and chancellor) of Germany.
"At the risk of appearing to talk nonsense I tell you that the National Socialist movement will go on for 1,000 years! ... Don't forget how people laughed at me 15 years ago when I declared that one day I would govern Germany. They laugh now, just as foolishly, when I declare that I shall remain in power!" -A. Hitler, 1934
March, 1935
Versailles Violation
Hitler violates rules set forth by the Treaty of Versailles by rearming Germany.
September, 1935
Nuremberg Laws Passed
This set of laws sought to deprive Jews of their German citizenship.
A person with three or four German grandparents was considered to be German, while those with three or four Jewish grandparents were considered Jewish.
September, 1935
Nuremberg Laws:
The establishment of these laws meant that Jewish people in Germany:
1. Jews could not marry German citizens.
2. Sexual relations between Jews and German citizens was prohibited.
3. Jews could not employ female citizens under the age of 45.
4. Jews were forbidden to display the national flag or its colors.
May, 1936
Mussolini on the Move
Italian dictator, Benito Mussolino's, military forces take over Ethiopia.
December, 1925
Mussolini Takes Command
Fascist, Benito Mussolini, gains control in Italy.
August, 1936
Olympic Games in Berlin
The 1936 Olympic games are held in Berlin, Germany.
Adolf Hitler is sure that his race of pure Aryans will prove dominant to the rest of the world.
June, 1937
Stalin Purges Army Generals
Beginning in 1937 and lasting throughout 1938, Russian dictator Joseph Stalin systematically removes political and military leaders from office on accounts of treason.
March, 1938
Germany & Austria Team Up
Amidst cheers, Adolf Hitler announces Germany's alliance with Austria.
October, 1938
Germany Takes Sudetenland
Originally part of Czechoslovakia, Sudetenland was home to many Germans that were on board with the Nazi cause.
November, 1938
Also known as the "night of the broken glass," this word refers to the two-day destruction of Jewish businesses in Germany.
July, 1938
League of Nations Meeting
32 countries (including the US) convene a meeting in France in which they consider helping the Jews fleeing Nazi Germany.

The meetings result in inaction because no country will accept them.
July, 1938
More Jewish Regulations
Jewish people over the age of 15 are required to apply for ID cards.

These cards could be requested by police to see at any time.
November, 1938
Jews Take the Blame
Jewish population fined 1 billion marks for damages during Kristallnacht.
February, 1939
Jews Must Pay
Jews forced to turn in all of their gold and silver to the government.
March, 1939
Nazis Take Czechoslovakia
Hitler's Nazi army moves into and takes over Czechoslovakia, expanding Germany's territory.
May, 1939
"Pact of Steel"
Germany signs treaty with Italy.
September, 1939
Even More Jewish Rules
Jewish people now banned from being outdoors after 8pm.
August, 1939
British Support
Parliament signs Mutual Assistance Treaty with Poland.
August, 1939
British Support
English military mobilizes.
September, 1939
Germany Invades Poland
After gaining control over Czechoslovakia, Hitler turns his attention to Poland.
Many Jewish people had fled here from Germany to avoid persecution.
August, 1939
German-Soviet Pact
Germany's Hitler and Russia's Stalin sign a non-aggression pact.
September, 1939
Germany Gains Enemies
Great Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand all declare war on Germany.
September, 1939
Britain Attacks
British Royal Air Force attacks German navy
September, 1939
U.S. Keeps out of War
The United States stands by its claim of neutrality in the war in Europe.
September, 1939
Soviets on the Move
Russia invades Poland.
October, 1939
Nazis Practice Euthanasia
Called "mercy killings" by the Nazi Party, and resulted in the deaths of those sick and/or disabled in Germany.
November, 1939
Finland Attacked
The Soviet Union attacks Finland.
December, 1939
Russia Expelled
Russia is kicked out of the League of Nations.
April, 1940
Nazis on the Move
Nazis invade Norway and Denmark.
May, 1940
Onto France
Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
June, 1940
Paris Bombed
Germans bomb Paris, France.
June, 1940
Paris Signs Armistice
France signs armistice agreement with Nazi Germany.
September, 1940
Tripartite Pact
Axis Powers formed when alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan is formed.
November, 1940
Four More Years
The United States reelects Franklin Roosevelt as President.
December, 1940
English Offensive
Britain begins an offensive front against Italy from North Africa.
February, 1941
To the Hills of Tripoli
German's arrive in Tripoli, North Africa to combat the British forces there.
March, 1941
Lend-Lease Act
President Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act, allowing the US to support European allies like Great Britain and France.
April, 1941
German Expansion
Nazi Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.
June, 1941
US Takes Some Action
The United States freezes all German and Italian assets in America.
June, 1941
Operation Barbarossa
The Germans attack the Soviet Union.
June, 1941
Mass Executions
German SS soldiers (Nazis) execute Jews on a mass scale in both Germany and newly acquired territories like Lithuania.
April, 1941
Leningrad Siege
Nazi places a siege on the Russian city of Leningrad.
September, 1941
More Jewish Regulation
Jewish people are forced to wear yellow stars like this:
September, 1941
Experimental Use of Gas Chambers
Nazis execute Jews in the concentration camp, Auschwitz, in gas chambers.
September, 1941
33,771 Jews Murdered
Nazis kill 33,000+ in Kiev.
December, 1941
Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
In a surprise attack, Japanese planes bomb the US fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 2,403 Americans are killed.
December, 1941
On December 8, the day after the Pearl Harbor bombing, the US and Great Britain declare war on Germany and Japan.
April, 1942
Japanese Camps
Japanese living in America (including those with citizenship) are placed in camps on suspicion of treason.
May, 1942
British Bombers
First British air raid against Germans in Cologne.
June, 1942
Jews Gassed
First gassing of Jews takes place at Auschwitz.
June, 1942
Ike in London
US General, Dwight D. Eisenhower, arrives in London to oversee American operations in Europe.
August, 1942
Stalin Meets with Churchill
Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, meets with British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, in Moscow.
Discussions of how joint forces will defeat the Germans ensues.
August, 1942
1st American Air Attacks
By bombing German targets during the day, the United States increases the success rate of bombs hitting their targets.
22,000 pound "Grand Slam." which was produced by the RAF, was the largest explosive bomb ever made.
November, 1942
Operation Torch
The United States, along with the Allies Powers, invade North Africa.
Commanding US generals included D. Eisenhower and George S. Patton.
February, 1943
Nazi Defeat
Germany surrenders to Russia at Stalingrad, marking the first military defeat of Hitler's Nazi army.

September, 1934
Italy No More
Soon after Mussolini resigns his leadership, Italy surrenders to Allied forces.
June, 1944
Part of "Operation Overlord," the codename for America's operations in Europe, D-Day was the landing of thousands of American troops on beaches in France.
August , 1944
Frank Discovered
Now famous for published diary, Anne Franks and her family are discovered in Germany.
February, 1945
Iwo Jima
As part of the ending stages of the island-hopping campaign, American forces take the island of Iwo Jima and its two airstrips from Japan.

Casualties were high.

US Casualties: 6,821
Japanese Casualties: 18,844
(Out of 22,000 total.)
April, 1945
The largest amphibious assault in the Pacific during World War II.

Casualties were higher.

US Casualties: 12,000
Japanese Casualties: 110,000
(Out of 120,000 total.)
April, 1945
Mussolini No More
The former Italian dictator is hanged.
April, 1945
FDR Dies
America's only 4-term president dies from a brain aneurism.

Vice President, Harry S Truman takes command.
April, 1945
Hitler Dies
Facing pressure from the Allies tot the west and Russia to the east, Hitler choosing suicide over capture.
Full transcript