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TOURISM INDUSTRY TRANSPORTATION
Transcript of TOURISM INDUSTRY TRANSPORTATION
HOW DOES TOURISM TRANSPORT EFFECT MALAYSIAN ECONOMIC?
Tourism earnings are often the most effective, or even the only way to produce the foreign exchange needed for the import of goods and services essential for national economic growth.
Arrival of foreign tourist will turn the spending of tourist into earning profits and helps the country to diversify risks and expand opportunities.
The primary benefit of foreign earnings is that countries are not exclusively dependent on domestic consumption.
To encourage the activities of tourism industry many countries taking step by improving their infrastructure.
As an example, the development of accessibility to the tourism destination such as airport and highway and improvement in transportation system such as light rail transit ( LRT ) and ferry services.
The positive growth of tourism sector will stimulate the infrastructure investment which benefited to the production and construction industry as well as tourist itself.
Act as catalyst for the growth of sectors related to the industry
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE TOURISM INDUSTRY
Focus to main sectors
1. FOOD AND SERVICES
Boat, Ferry, Cruse and ship
Opera and theaters
5. TOURISM SERVICES
Tour and travel agent
Tourism as the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interactions of tourists, business, host governments, and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors.
(Mc Intosh and Goeldner, 1984)
Provide employment opportunities
The employment opportunities in tourism industry can be closely linked with the job that related in the :
- Transportation services (flight, ferry & road transport),
- Accommodation services (hotel, resort & home stay),
- SMEs industries (agro-based product & handicraft),
- Retail trade, tourist guide and many others.
As long as the tourism sector growing up, it will create potential demand for job opportunities.
The income generated from the job related to tourism can stimulate the economic growth of the country.
The growth of the sectors that related to tourism such as transportation services, SMIs and retail trade can be influenced by the tourism performance.
Higher number of tourists indicating greater demand which may improve the volume of revenue of the particular sector.
By promoting the tourism sector it can indirectly be a catalyst of growth to other industries and also supports the development of SMIs such as handicraft and batik.
place of interest where tourist visit, typically for its inherent or exhibit natural or cultural value, historical significant, natural built or beauty, offering leisure, adventure and amusement.
e.g: beaches, island resort, cultural events, monuments
a place for doing something. a commercial or institutional building.
e.g: hotel, resort, spa, clinic, sports arena, convention center.
connect tourist from origin to the destinations.
basis of tourism is people travel to a place that is different from what they are used to.
e.g: airplane, seaplane, tram car, speedboats, bus.
relationship between the guest and the host, or the act or practice of being hospitable.This includes the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers.
e.g: laundry, courier service, butler service.
4 DIMENSION OF TOURISM
STIMULATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNING
TOURISM, AS AN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
- characterized by a high level of elasticity.
- significant for international transportation, demand is strongly influenced by cost fluctuations.
- "Holiday spenders" usually make enough contribution to the local economy that governments are more than willing to invest in efficient road networks or airport facilities, especially in attractive locations.
have two categories tourism in transport
1) independent means if travel
controlled by individual tourist
e.g: all depends by itself
2) mass travel
tourist travel in groups
e.g: holiday with family, honeymoon, vacation
ROLES OF TRANSPORT TOWARDS NATION TOURISM INDUSTRY
1) Contribution to GDP
tourist spend money
import and export product
job opportunity in tourism industry
3) Develop remote area
more area can be reach and will be develop for industry
4) Increase business activities
higher demand from tourist
5) Better accessibility to tourist attraction spots
easier to reach the places or location
usually in town and city
Road Capacity Improvement
maximum potential capacity of a given roadway.
can be expressed in terms of vehicles per hours or per day.
give comfortable to people who are use the road everyday.
(World Bank, 1989), Highway Rehabilitation and Improvement Project was assist the government to present and improve the existing federal highway.
* will improve the road maintenance capabilities and operations.
* improve the coordination of highway placing at the state and federal levels.
*improve existing networks of federal highway and bridge reduce future damage to the roads.
e.g: New Pantai Highway, Malaysia (2001-2003).
e.g: Shah Alam Expressway, Malaysia (1984-1994).
The Shah Alam Expressway connect to the coastal city of Klang and Shah Alam with the capital city of Kuala Lumpur.