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AFFIXES: Prefix, Suffix, Root

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by

ShaLayla Simmons

on 8 August 2016

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Transcript of AFFIXES: Prefix, Suffix, Root

ROOTS,

PREFIX
&

SUFFIX

Word Analysis & Vocabulary
Know abstract, derived roots and affixes from Greek and Latin and
Use this knowledge to analyze the meaning of complex words.

ROOT
A root is a set of letters that have meaning.
It is the most basic form . Affixes are added to the root
to create a new word
PREFIX
The Prefix is a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a word. It often changes the meaning.
EXAMPLE:

The root retro means “back/past”
So
retro
spect
can mean “to
look

back



IE: It gives a word it's meaning.
SUFFIX
A suffix is letters or a group of letters added to the end
of a word. Often changes the part of speech (N, V, Adj, Adv)

Examples:

order/
dis
order
able/
un
able
associate/
dis
associate
EXAMPLE

beauty (n) +
ful
= beauti
ful (adj)
happy (adj) +
ness
= happi
ness (n)
create (v) +
ive
= creat
ive (adj)
time (n) +
less
= time
less (adj)
MORE EXAMPLES!
*Roots can appear more than once,
and anywhere in the word:

NOTE:
geo
logy
-
study of
the
earth
tele
graph
-
writing
that
travels
tri
cycle
-
three
wheels
a
social
-
not

wanting to join others
retrospective
astrology
carnivore
portable
pseudonym
biology
aqueduct
empathy
enamor
*Define
the words
using roots
and affixes!
retro- back
astro- stars
carn(e)- meat
port-carry
vor-eat
em- into
pseudo-fake
nym- name
bio-life
aqu(a)(e)- water
en- within
amor-love
spect- to see
(o)logy- they study of
duct- to lead/take
path- disease/feelings
PRACTICE BREAKING IT DOWN...
Full transcript