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Transcript of Immigration
What do these people
have in common?
Between 1860 and 1900, 14 million people came to the United States looking for a new home.
What were they like?
Where do they live?
Over 1 million Irish die
during the potato famine
Most immigrants were from England
A few came from other Northern European countries
America was started by a generation of about 400k immigrants
Pre Civil War
Between 1840-1850 about 1.5 million immigrants came to America, from 1850-1860 this number goes up to 2.5 million.
Half of this number were from IRELAND escaping the "Potato Famine"
Between 1846-1860 1.5 million Irish immigrants settle in port cities like Boston and New York
Also in the 1840's Germans began pouring in escaping famine, crop failure, political and religious persecution.
Most would head west to settle in growing cities like Cinncinatti, St. Louis, and Milwaukee.
Between 1890 and 1910 North Dakota's population doubled due to immigrant settlement.
In the 1850's Chinese immigrants came searching for the land of gold and found work building the nations western railroads
Post Civil War
Until the 1880's most immigrants came from Northern Europe
After the CW the focus shifts to Southern and Eastern Europe (Italy,Jews)
Unemployment, overpopulation, and persecution made life in Europe difficult
Many believe the streets of America to be paved with gold
Formed to counter the immigrant "threat"
American Party - anti immigrant, anti catholic political party
APA - American Protective Association - 1887, anti catholic
"Know Nothing" Party - secretive party
1856 - Former President Millard Fillmore took 21% of the popular vote as the Know Nothing candidate
Local laws were passed to keep immigrants from having basic rights
In the beginning immigrants were welcomed by those already here.
The IR created a huge need for a workforce
They were poor, uneducated, and had little skills (easy to manipulate)
They bought land out west and helped develop new cities
Lived in extended families
By the 1840's the welcome mat was starting to be rolled up
1. Protestants vs. Catholics
2. They don't speak English
3. They're stealing our jobs
4. They're not paying enough taxes
5. They don't "look" like Americans
Most flock to cities where work in factories is readily available
Live in close culture groups
Examples: Little Italy, Chinatown, Little Havanna, Little Mexico
Kept many of their traditional values alive
"Native" Americans wonder if these newbs will ever truly fit in
Begin to see immigrants as scapegoats for all that is wrong in society