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Early Childhood Education

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monica k

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Early Childhood Education

Introduction to ECE Early Childhood Education refers to education and
care from the ages of 3 to 5 Positive Affects of Preschool on
Children Development Impacts now Emily, Kathy, Monica Impact of early childhood education on intellectual development Preschools Affect on Physical, Intellectual,
Emotional and Social Development Continued... Preschools Affect on Physical, Intellectual,
Emotional and Social Development A Day in life of Preschool Curriculum Discussion Questions 1) Why wouldn't a parent not put a child into a preschool or any early childhood education program?

2) If you were in a situation were you could decide what type of preschool to put a child into, what type of preschool would you enroll them into?

3) Overall do you feel that technology should be implemented in early childhood progams?

Effects of technology on early childhood education

preschool education contributes to children’s cognitive, emotional, social, and bodily development

in early years of life, children acquire important skills such as talking, walking, and self-care which create a foundation for future skills

preschool education supports this development and creates long-term positive behaviours and increases motivation of children

those who received preschool education have higher levels of learning skills, more diverse skills

relationship between attending preschool programs and language development in children-children who attend preschool programs demonstrate higher intelligence Impacts Later Types of Preschools Available

those who received preschool education have higher levels of learning skills, more diverse skills, higher academic success during primary and secondary education

results showed that those who received preschool education continued their education for longer years

less grade repetition

higher rates of high school education

the relationship between children’s linguistic development may not be evident in short term but could show itself later on Factors that make up a Sustainable Preschool Types of Preschools Available
Continued... Physical Intellectual cognitive development refers to the growth of cognitive functions such as thinking, reasoning, and linguistic skills

children who went to daycare had better verbal and mathematical abilities than children who stayed at home

there is a positive correlation between time spent in a day care and cognitive ability

able to learn basic academic skills at an earlier age

preschool programs support children’s linguistic development through high quality learning experiences based on reading and writing Emotional day care can be an amazing opportunity for a young child to learn social skills, expand vocab, learn to function independently (away from parents)

interaction with other young children allows them to develop a respect for opinions & emotion of others

adapt to the rigid structure of a classroom environment prior to kindergarten

this is a difficult transition for kids who have stayed at home Social a study found that preschool education has an impact on the frequency of certain social skills (ex. Greeting, introducing oneself, talking instead of turning to physical force to show anger participating in a group, co-operating, sharing, asking questions)

learn to value teamwork

interaction with other young children allows them to develop a respect for opinions & emotion of others How Early Childhood Education Affects School Learning and Performance Prepares a child's readiness to learn, helps with adjusting to school setting with structure

Avoids school behavior problems

pattern of school is established, attaining knowledge and continuing with school will most likely happen

Children who are late bloomers in preschool will more likely have problems catching up with math and literacy in elementary school

Easier for a parent to identify child's learning problems at a early stage

In the developing world, when children are enrolled in early childhood programs they have a higher chance of going to primary or secondary school Numeracy (block building, counting, spatial relations, identifying 2D shapes)

Science (noticing motion/balancing, making predictions)

Literacy (reading, writing)
Play based Activities Finger painting and play dough uses fine motor skills

Trains, doll houses teaches a child about organization and potential outcomes

Dramatic play teaches them about problem solving, social situations Social Skills Music, nursery rhymes improves listening skills

Control emotions, regulation of their feelings class sizes are relatively small

child: teacher ratios are low

class day/year is longer not shorter

teachers are well educated

children are able to learn and improve literacy through oral language, vocabulary, shared reading, and writing opportunities

children should be exposed to different learning opportunities)

examples of opportunities: morning circle time, large and small groups, centres

especially effective if opportunities relates to daily lesson, weekly, and monthly unit themes (ex. Library center having books about theme, craft on theme, etc).

these learning opportunities should be incorporated in as many ways as possible each day Montessori Preschools

provide the child with an environment that is suitable for the child’s stage of development.

independent activity is about 80% of the work while teacher-directed activity is the remaining 20%

Montessori environment gives the children the tools they need, but also have the freedom to use them and to explore.

the child has the freedom to respond to the teacher within them and has access to materials in the environment that can satisfy each developmental need.

Each child is given the freedom of time

sensory learning (touch, see, smell, taste, listen) Play Based Preschools play activities that promote learning

Fine-motor skills through (puzzles, painting, coloring, drawing, ect)

Books support language development

songs & finger plays provide visual stimulation, logical thinking, physical movement

development of social and emotional skills and understandings Reggio Emilia Approach: Focuses on the educational importance of community and free inquiry

The parent as an essential resource for their child's learning.

The teacher observes and documents the daily life of the school to make learning visible.

Cooperation and collaboration (Getting involved in the environment)

Long-term projects are studies

Create homelike environments Waldorf Preschools practical and artistic activities (baking, gardening, handcrafts, ect )

opportunity to connect with nature, engage in physical activity, and to experience changing seasons

telling carefully selected stories and by encouraging free play (build power of imagination)

toys are made of natural materials Can there be a balance between technology in early childhood classrooms?
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