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Early Childhood Education
Transcript of Early Childhood Education
care from the ages of 3 to 5 Positive Affects of Preschool on
Children Development Impacts now Emily, Kathy, Monica Impact of early childhood education on intellectual development Preschools Affect on Physical, Intellectual,
Emotional and Social Development Continued... Preschools Affect on Physical, Intellectual,
Emotional and Social Development A Day in life of Preschool Curriculum Discussion Questions 1) Why wouldn't a parent not put a child into a preschool or any early childhood education program?
2) If you were in a situation were you could decide what type of preschool to put a child into, what type of preschool would you enroll them into?
3) Overall do you feel that technology should be implemented in early childhood progams?
Effects of technology on early childhood education
preschool education contributes to children’s cognitive, emotional, social, and bodily development
in early years of life, children acquire important skills such as talking, walking, and self-care which create a foundation for future skills
preschool education supports this development and creates long-term positive behaviours and increases motivation of children
those who received preschool education have higher levels of learning skills, more diverse skills
relationship between attending preschool programs and language development in children-children who attend preschool programs demonstrate higher intelligence Impacts Later Types of Preschools Available
those who received preschool education have higher levels of learning skills, more diverse skills, higher academic success during primary and secondary education
results showed that those who received preschool education continued their education for longer years
less grade repetition
higher rates of high school education
the relationship between children’s linguistic development may not be evident in short term but could show itself later on Factors that make up a Sustainable Preschool Types of Preschools Available
Continued... Physical Intellectual cognitive development refers to the growth of cognitive functions such as thinking, reasoning, and linguistic skills
children who went to daycare had better verbal and mathematical abilities than children who stayed at home
there is a positive correlation between time spent in a day care and cognitive ability
able to learn basic academic skills at an earlier age
preschool programs support children’s linguistic development through high quality learning experiences based on reading and writing Emotional day care can be an amazing opportunity for a young child to learn social skills, expand vocab, learn to function independently (away from parents)
interaction with other young children allows them to develop a respect for opinions & emotion of others
adapt to the rigid structure of a classroom environment prior to kindergarten
this is a difficult transition for kids who have stayed at home Social a study found that preschool education has an impact on the frequency of certain social skills (ex. Greeting, introducing oneself, talking instead of turning to physical force to show anger participating in a group, co-operating, sharing, asking questions)
learn to value teamwork
interaction with other young children allows them to develop a respect for opinions & emotion of others How Early Childhood Education Affects School Learning and Performance Prepares a child's readiness to learn, helps with adjusting to school setting with structure
Avoids school behavior problems
pattern of school is established, attaining knowledge and continuing with school will most likely happen
Children who are late bloomers in preschool will more likely have problems catching up with math and literacy in elementary school
Easier for a parent to identify child's learning problems at a early stage
In the developing world, when children are enrolled in early childhood programs they have a higher chance of going to primary or secondary school Numeracy (block building, counting, spatial relations, identifying 2D shapes)
Science (noticing motion/balancing, making predictions)
Literacy (reading, writing)
Play based Activities Finger painting and play dough uses fine motor skills
Trains, doll houses teaches a child about organization and potential outcomes
Dramatic play teaches them about problem solving, social situations Social Skills Music, nursery rhymes improves listening skills
Control emotions, regulation of their feelings class sizes are relatively small
child: teacher ratios are low
class day/year is longer not shorter
teachers are well educated
children are able to learn and improve literacy through oral language, vocabulary, shared reading, and writing opportunities
children should be exposed to different learning opportunities)
examples of opportunities: morning circle time, large and small groups, centres
especially effective if opportunities relates to daily lesson, weekly, and monthly unit themes (ex. Library center having books about theme, craft on theme, etc).
these learning opportunities should be incorporated in as many ways as possible each day Montessori Preschools
provide the child with an environment that is suitable for the child’s stage of development.
independent activity is about 80% of the work while teacher-directed activity is the remaining 20%
Montessori environment gives the children the tools they need, but also have the freedom to use them and to explore.
the child has the freedom to respond to the teacher within them and has access to materials in the environment that can satisfy each developmental need.
Each child is given the freedom of time
sensory learning (touch, see, smell, taste, listen) Play Based Preschools play activities that promote learning
Fine-motor skills through (puzzles, painting, coloring, drawing, ect)
Books support language development
songs & finger plays provide visual stimulation, logical thinking, physical movement
development of social and emotional skills and understandings Reggio Emilia Approach: Focuses on the educational importance of community and free inquiry
The parent as an essential resource for their child's learning.
The teacher observes and documents the daily life of the school to make learning visible.
Cooperation and collaboration (Getting involved in the environment)
Long-term projects are studies
Create homelike environments Waldorf Preschools practical and artistic activities (baking, gardening, handcrafts, ect )
opportunity to connect with nature, engage in physical activity, and to experience changing seasons
telling carefully selected stories and by encouraging free play (build power of imagination)
toys are made of natural materials Can there be a balance between technology in early childhood classrooms?