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Copy of Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control

The basic aspects of deviance are considered, including the positive social functions served by low levels of deviance. Then the five influential theories of deviance are examined.

Bayta Bardhi

on 24 February 2011

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Transcript of Copy of Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control

Deviance and Social Control
Chapter 8 Nature of Deviance What is deviance?
It is behavior that violates
significant social norms What are some examples?

1.Wes I getting bad grades in school.
2. Wes II trying to settle a dispute with a knife.
3. Wes I vandalizing public property.
4. Wes II assisting drug dealers
To be considered deviant, 2 things must occur:
1.Someone must be detected committing the deviant act
2.They must be stigmatized by society

A stigma is a mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the rest of society How do we label
deviant behavior? Some examples are:

Social Functions of Deviancy What does other people's
bad behaviors force us to do? 1. It unified a group – it forms “us” & “them”
2. It clarifies norms – we are reminded what to do and not do.
3. It diffuses tensions – it allows some deviants so express their feelings peacefully (protests)
4. Provides jobs – (judges, lawyers, police, prison personnel, parole officers)
5. Identifies problems – reminds society what needs to be changed. Explaining Deviance

Cultural-Transmission Theory – Deviance is a learned behavior through the interaction with others. Individuals learn from other individuals who engage in deviant norms and have deviant values.

A person will be more or less deviant depending on Differential Association. Who does that particular person hang out with?

Structural-Strain Theory - views deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms, and structure of society. You need to meet goals that society expects; however, they may be out of reach.

Under this strain, anomies occur, situations that arise when the norms of society are unclear or no longer applicable. According to this theory:

People respond through 1 of 5 ways (cultural goals and norms) pg 183.
1.Conformists – most of us
2.Innovators – they accept these standards, but use illegal or illegitimate ways to obtain them.
3.Ritualists – they accept standards even though they may have lost sight of them.
4.Retreatists – they reject the values all together and the means of obtaining them.
5.Rebels – reject it all and seek new ones to institute
This theory says that lower class people are more likely to...
Control thoery - like structural theory, it turns to the social structure for an explanation of deviant behavior. Control theorists see deviance as a natural occurrence and conformity as the result of social control.
If you have strong ties to the community, and share it’s values, moral codes, and goals, then you are likely to conform and be less deviant & vice versa. Conflict Theory – Social life is a struggle between those with power and without power. People with power commit deviant acts in an effort to maintain power. People without power commit deviant acts to either obtain economic rewards OR because they have low self-esteem and feelings of powerless ness. Label Theory – A focus on how people are named in society. This theory grew out of the interactionist perspective. Once someone is labeled as deviant and accepts the label, his or her life changes. Sometimes the label of deviant restricts an individual’s options and forces him or her into a deviant lifestyle. Start to think about this as you continue reading "The Other Wes Moore." Which theory can we apply to Wes I & II? Goals/objectives - All students will
1. Become aware of the nature of deviance, its social functions, and results of deviant behavior in our society.
2. Apply the theory of social deviance to Wes I and Wes II's behavior. Before we begin, lets analyze a piece of the book:

"Crack was different from the drugs that preceded it. It was crazily accessible and insanely potent - and addictive. My friends and I would regularly trade the most remarkable stories we'd overheard or witnessed: A father who left his family and robbed his parents for money to buy a rock. A pregnant mother who sold her body to get another hit. Someone's grandmother who blew her monthly Social Security check on crack." pg 51.
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