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Building stucture and building material

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by

Kelvin Hui

on 30 March 2014

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Transcript of Building stucture and building material

1) raising the volume
to provide healthy and dry garden space.

2) White paint - separating nature from his machine for living

3) using of the long horizontal windows to re-embrace the nature

Environmental Design
Frame structure
Follows the grid system
Columns & Beams
(Pliotis & supporting beam)
hidden beam
Expose the structure
Building structure - Villa Savoye
Building structure and building material
Finland: warm summers and
freezing winter winter is the
longest season


Noormarkku:western Finland
source:http://www.worldweatheronline.com
http://takekonbu.fc2web.com/2005/33savoye/savoye-e.htm
Building materials-
Villa Mairea (Interior)
http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/lecture-10-international-style/deck/6729011
1) Some symbolic gesture like the trees and forest in which the home reside

2) Frequently used wood and masonry as the major materials to create atmosphere merging to
the outside natural
environment

archikey.com/picture/read/552/Villa-Savoye.jpg
ideasgn.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Villa-Mairea-by-Alvar-Aalto-018.jpg
ad009cdnb.archdaily.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/1288244433-villamairea02.jpg
Construction Details
Pliotis
reinforced concrete
Supporting Beam
reinforced concrete
Source : Building Construction Illustrated: Francis D. K. Ching
http://maranda3501.blogspot.hk/2010/09/blog.html

Source: http://hanser.ceat.okstate.edu/6083/Corbusier/Villa%20Savoye%20&%20Villa%20Besnus.htm
Source: http://maduwin.blogspot.hk/2011/11/la-villa-savoye.html
Pliotis
different thickness
different loading requirement
some are hidden in the wall
Source:http://takekonbu.fc2web.com/2005/33savoye/savoye-e.htm
Buil
ding materials-
Villa Savoye (Exterior)
http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/Corbu.html
Building materials-
Villa Savoye (Interior
)
Comparison
Beams
*not shown in plan
further support
some are hidden in the wall
Winter
Summer
Building Orientation(Solar direction)
Roof garden can face the most sunlight in the whole daytime.
Sunlight cover the whole building
-4 faces horizontal windows

Building Orientation(Solar direction)
Winter
Summer
Building Structure - Villa Mairea
Masonry Structure
Load bearing wall
Kitchen & servant room
low space requirement
Columns & Beams
Steel
Follows the grid system
Living area
large open space is needed
Conceal the actual structure
Private area
-More sunlight in morning
-More windows on the outer
surface

Public area
-Less windows
-The windows of living room
and dining room construct a
large window.

Villa Mairea
Villa Savoye
Source:www.archdaily.com
Source : anqideng.blogspot.com
Masonry Structure
brick
concrete
Source : Building Construction Illustrated: Francis D. K. Ching
Source: https://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/PpS2G5YFlKzHakAnEC9Fvg
http://nceub.commoncense.info/uploads/MC2011_MC22.pdf
Columns
composite columns
steel, wood, concrete
group of columns
slim
reduce the redundant feeling
more load, more columns
hidden
aesthetic
Source:http://anqideng.blogspot.hk/2011/03/villa-mairea-seperate-drawings.html
Source:arch1201sharrynbowman.blogspot.com
Source:http://pjavier-arch1201.blogspot.hk/2011/03/villa-mairea.html
Source:http://i.imgur.com/6sFkbdw.jpg
http://www.bluffton.edu/%5C~sullivanm/france/poissy/savoye/corbu9.html
https://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/france/poissy/savoye/corbu2.html
Source:http://takekonbu.fc2web.com/2005/33savoye/savoye-e.htm
http://www.cornucopia3d.com/galleries/displayimage.php?album=14&pos=6&pid=46075
http://www.sunearthtools.com/dp/tools/pos_sun.php?lang=en
http://www.sunearthtools.com/dp/tools/pos_sun.php?lang=en
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_Mairea
http://tintin.arch.chalmers.se/aktuellt/PDFs/Wraber,%20Kirkegaard,%20Fisker%20-%20Architectural%20Quality.pdf
Buil
ding materials-
Villa Mairea (Exterior)
Structure
Villa Mairea
Villa Savoye
Material
Climate(Villa Mairea)
Climate(Villa Savoye)
Poissy:Northern part of france
Temperate climate:
-The north and northwest have a temperate climate

The changes in these regions between
summer and winter are generally
relatively moderate, rather than
extreme hot or cold.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France#Climate
Environmental Condition
Introduction
-Structure systems
-Material
1. Exterior
2. Interior
-Environmental Condition
1. Building Orientation
2. Environmental Design
3. Climate
Villa Savoye and Villa Marea
Conclusion
Q & A
Villa Savoye
Villa Mairea
Structure
-Frame structure
-Exposed
-Frame structure
-Masonry structure
-Concealed/Hidden
Material
-Relatively new
-Inorganic
-Traditional
-Organic
Environment
-Stand out
->connect through windows
-Merged
->exterior
Orientation
-All-rounded
-Private & Public
Climate
-Relatively warm
-more rainfall
-Cold
-Winter is the longest season
Source: Sketchup
Source: Sketchup
almost half of the precipitation are fall in form of snow
Section of the column
Detail section of the wall
Section of steel column
Masonry wall structure
Full transcript