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Language and Reality

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Praneer Shrestha

on 5 June 2017

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Transcript of Language and Reality

Real Life Situation
The language you speak changes your perception of time
✳✱*
TOK Presentation
What is language?
Knowledge Question
To what extent does language shape our perception of reality
Language and Reality
Praneer Shrestha
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
An individual’s thoughts and actions are determined by the language or languages that the individual speaks.
Limitations
Methodology:
Uncontrollability with experiments due to consciousness (human sciences
Unproven assumptions
Spanish vs Swedish Perception of Time
Evidence for Claim
“After a long and careful analysis the Hopi language is seen to contain no words, grammatical forms, construction or expressions that refer directly to what we call ‘time’, or to past, present or future.”

- Whorf
Which shade of green is the odd one out?
The problem of "translatability" and neology
Steven Pinker's Hypothesis
Language and thought are two separate entities where language is used to reflect our reality and not shape it.
"Mentalese"
The hypothetical language of thought, or representation of concepts and propositions in the brain, in which ideas, including the meanings of words and sentences, are couched
Limitations
How to prove?
Contradiction as a fallacy in explaining concept of mentalese
Conclusion
Language reflects our reality
Language creates our reality
Bibliography

Linguistic Society of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Steven Pinker's "The language instinct". N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

"Ask A Linguist FAQ." Ask A Linguist FAQ: The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Livingstone, Josephine. "Relatively speaking: do our words influence how we think?" The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 29 Jan. 2014. Web. 22 May 2017.

Mishlove, Jeffrey. Are Our Thoughts Constrained by Language? Jeffrey Mishlove Interviews Steven Pinker. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Nordquist, Richard. "What is the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis?"

ThoughtCo. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Languagedebates. "Posts about steven pinker on Language Debates." Language Debates. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

Languagedebates. "Posts about steven pinker on Language Debates." Language Debates. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.

"Summary: The Language Instinct, by Steven Pinker." To Notice and to Learn. N.p., 09 Oct. 2013. Web. 22 May 2017.

"Why language is neither an instinct nor innate." New Scientist. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2017.


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