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Transcript of Medieval Blacksmith
to make their weapons, armour and ammunition.
They had to make everything the hard way, by hand.
These people were known as blacksmiths. Their job was
to make weapons and armour for their lord or village and
to train others who want to learn in the skills of a blacksmith. Equipment of a Blacksmith The Forge The forge was where the weapons
and armour were made. It was an area made of stone that held superheated coal to heat metals being used so that they can be bent into the right shape. There was a set of bellows attached to a rope to heat the coal to heat the forge. It was the "heart" of the blacksmith's work. Everything he/she made was made there in the forge. Some forges also had roofs over them to keep the heat in. The Anvil The anvil is a heavy piece of iron
or steel (More commonly steel) that
the blacksmith would hammer out
the shape of the weapon or armour
piece. This would be used a lot so had to
last which is why it is more commonly
made of steel. Usually located next to the
forge. The Grindstone This is a circle of stone that is placed into a wooden object that has a hole in it to put the stone in. Pedals are attached to the stone so that it spins when the pedals are being used. The blacksmith would hold his/her weapon’s blade onto the stone while it spins to sharpen it. The blacksmith would have to be careful to not sharpen the weapon for too long otherwise the blade would become brittle and break easily. Tanning Rack The blacksmith would get animal hides put it on the rack and make some leather from the hides by scraping it off with a knife or dagger. With the leather the blacksmith could either make leather strips out of the leather or make some leather armour with it. Leather strips were used with most armours as it made it easier to put on or take off armour. Blacksmith's Training Training Start Someone who wants to
be a blacksmith has to
train many years prior to
becoming one. Here are
steps they took to become
one. First thing they did was
to learn and live with
a master blacksmith for
a period of a few years
before the master smith
decided you were
worthy to train or not.
If you were then the
master smith gave you
a task. The task was to make a test piece for a guild. It could have been a piece of armour or a weapon.
If the guild decided it good then you were to become a journeyman. As a journeyman you were to travel the land in search of other master smiths for them to teach you for a short time, then move on in search of any other master smiths to learn from. When you felt ready you would return to your original master smith and make another test piece. This was the last part of your journey to become a blacksmith. You make another test piece for your master smith to present to the same guild. If they approved then you were to become a master smith and can train others in the art of black smithing. You can also set up your own shop and start the cycle again. All this could take you 15 years or more. But this time could be shortened to a few years if there weren't enough blacksmiths around to last. Bibliography Indoor Blacksmith workshop http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_medieval_blacksmiths_learn_how_to_be_a_blacksmith Making of a Sword Small Tools Blacksmith's had many small tools including hammers, chisels, saws, tongs and hand operated drills.