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Transcript of ACL Tear
ACL symptoms can be:
•Unstable or buckling knee Treatment When tearing
your ACL you
do not always need surgery,
but most of
the time you
do. This is
it is torn. Directly after you tear your ACL you should:
*take a pain killer
Do this until you can see a Doctor. If you have an avulsion fracture you will need surgery in which they reconstruct the entire knee. Reattaching the bone fragment as well. Once you have your surgery you will go through therapy to regain the strength and ability to perform back to your knee. Prevention & Risk Reduction performing training drills that require balance, power and agility such as jumping, and balance drills helps improve neuromuscular conditioning and muscular reactions and ultimately shows a decrease in the risk Phases of the ACL Injury Prevention Program should be performed at least 2-3 times per week during the season and includes:
Cool Down Female athletes who participate in cutting and jumping sports are 5 times more likely to suffer a knee injury than a male athlete. Videos on exercises -http://www.strengthcoach.com/public/1641.cfm Long-term There are few long term prospective studies but a number of retrospective studies with follow-up times between 5 and 20 years have been published. These studies show that radiographic gonarthrosis is significantly increased after all knee injuries compared with the uninjured joint of the same patient Isolated meniscus rupture and subsequent repair, or partial or total ruptures of the ACL without major concomitant injuries, seem to increase the risk 10-fold people with an ACL tear sustain damage to the surrounding cartilage that worsens over time. MRI to show that reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) after an ACL tear protects patients from developing osteoarthritis. Lateral view of the knee using T2 mapping demonstrates abnormal cartilage in the central area of the tibia (shin bone), as well as in the area not involved in the initial "bone bruise". Dr. Potter, Chase and Stephanie Coleman Chair in MRI Research, said, “There is an increased rate of progressive cartilage damage in other areas of the leg that were unaffected by the initial impaction injury. ACL reconstruction can slow down this damage.” THE END .....
ANY QUESTIONS During the surgery your doctor will do a graft, depending on your type of tear will choose the type of graft you recieve.
-cadaver graft Autograft: Central one-third patellar tendon, quadrupled hamstring tendon, and quadriceps tendon. (with or without bone block) Allograft tissue: patellar tendon and the Achilles tendon.(bone blocks) Soft tissue: semitendinosus, tibialis anterior/posterior, peroneus longus, and iliotibial band. Cadaver Graft: From a dead body. This graft is not typically used on younger people because it is more likely for failure. Getting a graft is serious surgery but also can increase recovery time by a lot. Over the age of 40 you should get a cadaver graft, you will recover much faster. Recovery Time:
1-4 weeks on crutches
2-4 months full recovery ( full running, lower body workouts) Athletes participating in sports such as football, basketball, soccer, tennis, and rugby are at risk for ACL injuries most commonly.