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Transcript of Marco Polo
By: Khang Pham
Hope you enjoy it!
Marco Polo's Early Life
Marco Polo was born on September 15,1254 in Venice, Italy (Venetian/Italian)
Marco's mother died when he was young and he was raised by his aunt and uncle. They trained him to be a merchant. Besides reading, writing, and math, Marco learned about using foreign money, judging products, and handling cargo ships
Marco’s father, Niccolo Polo, and uncle, Maffeo Polo who are merchants, set out for Crimea Port from Constantinople
Marco's father and uncle headed East to Bukhara looking for better profits and traded there for three years
Their motivation was to make a trading expedition to Central Asia. After a long and difficult journey they reached China where they met a Mongol ruler named Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan sends the Polos back to Rome with a letter to the Pope, requesting a 100 priests to teach Christianity and Western science to his people and secure holy oil from the lamp in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem( the resting place of Jesus Christ). The Polos brothers aim was to aid Kublai Khan on this mission
Marco's father and uncle returned to Venice in 1269, where Marco's father and Marco Polo meet each other for the first time. Then, the Khan invited them to visit China again
Journey To China
Marco's father and uncle set out for Cathay (China) again but this time they brought young 17 year old Marco with them and 2 priests, since they were unable to recruit 100 priests. Then the priests hastily turned back after getting a bad taste of the journey
Marco left Venice and was sponsored by his father and uncle
The Polos decided to explore China because it was then called Cathay and considered an exotic land
The Polos journey took place on land and were forced to cut through challenging and sometimes harsh territory
Crossing the Gobi desert was an obstacle encountered because it takes a year to go from end to end. At the narrowest point, it would take a month to cross it. It consists entirely of mountains, sands, and valleys. Also, there is nothing to eat at all
Another obstacle that was encountered took place in Afghanistan , where Marco was forced to retreat to the mountains in order to recoup from an illness he contracted
Time in China
Marco traveled about 15,000 miles (24,000 kilometers) and the journey took 24 years
Thanks For Watching!
Hope You Enjoyed It!
Overall, I enjoyed it very much learning about Marco Polo and making this project
Marco also used the The Silk Road Route to get to China
After four years of traveling the Polos reached China and Kublai Khan, who was staying at a Summer palace in Shangdu
One of Marco’s accomplishments is that he learned so much about the Chinese culture and mastered four languages
Another accomplishment is Marco became Kublai Khan's advisor. As a result, the Khan sent Marco into far-different areas of Asia that had never been explored by Europeans. As years passed, Marco was promoted for his work. Marco served as a governor in the Chinese city of Yangzhou
As time passed, the Polos worry about returning home safely. They believed that if Kublai Khan died, the Khan’s enemies might seize them. Finally, in 1292 their opportunity came. The Khan asked the Polos to escort a young Mongol princess to his great-nephew Arghun, the Mongol ruler of Persia, as a bride. The Polos and a group of 14 boats sailed from Zaltun in southern China. The group of boats sailed to what is now Singapore. From there, it traveled north of Sumatra and then around the southern tip of India. The Polos crossed the Arabian Sea to Hormuz (on a Persian port). While they were traveling, Kublai Khan died. When they got there, only 18 passengers, the Polos, and the Mongol princess were alive. The rest of the sailors and passengers died of storms and diseases.
After that, the Polos traveled overland to the Turkish port of Trebizond (now Trabzon). They sailed to Constantinople and from there to Venice, arriving in 1295. They had been gone for 24 years and traveled approximately 15,000 miles (24,000 kilometers).
The Polos returned to Venice from China with many valuables. Kublai Khan had given them ivory, jade, jewels, porcelain silk, and other treasures
Marco commanded a ship in a war against Venice’s archrival city Genoa. Marco was soon eventually captured and thrown into a Genoese prison, where he met a fellow prisoner which is a writer named Rustichello. The men soon became friends, Marco told Rustichello about his time in Asia, what he’d seen, where he’d traveled and what he accomplished. Marco’s stories were soon written on paper and eventually published as a book called the Description of the World, later known as the "The Travels of Marco Polo"
An accomplishment and positive change is Marco Polo's book which inspired many Europeans. For example, Christopher Columbus used Marco Polo's book to estimate the distance between Spain and Asia. It also stimulated intrest in Chinese inventions such as papermaking and printing
Marco Polo's book is revolutionary because his book influenced Europeans for the use of paper money made of mulberry bark, which had a photograph of the emperor. While at that time, Europeans used silver, gold, copper, and lead coins for money
This is a map of a triangular route between the West Indies, Africa, Europe, and North America
Marco Polo's book is necessary for growth because his book told people about the use of coal as fuel in China, coal had not been used in Europe that time. Also, the book told people about Kublai Khan’s postal system, which consisted of a network of messengers. Riders on horseback relayed messages from one station to another.
Marco was released from the Genoese prison in 1299. Marco’s book made him a celebrity. It was printed in French, Italian and Latin, becoming the most popular read book in Europe
After Marco was released, he returned to Venice, where he married Donata Badoer in 1300, and raised three daughters. He returned to trading and carried on the family business
Marco died at his home in Venice on January 8, 1324
Few readers didn't believe in Marco Polo's book and think that it was fiction. As Marco lay dying, friends and fans of his book paid him visits, urging him to admit that his book was fiction. Marco wouldn't give in and said, "I have not told half of what I saw."
Marco Polo was not the first European to travel to Asia
Trade between Europe and Asia became even more difficult in 1453 due to Ottoman Turks who captured Constantinople and blocked the Silk Road
Is Marco Polo's book fiction?
When did his father and uncle die?
What happened to Rustichello (Marco's friend in prison) when he was released?
(1)Silk Road Foundation
(4)World Book Online
(5)Social Studies Book
Foresman, Scott. History Social-Science for California-Our Nation. Glenview, Illionis: Pearson Education, 2006