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TV Violence Does Not Cause Violence
Transcript of TV Violence Does Not Cause Violence
"Results from the current analysis do not support the conclusion that media violence leads to aggressive behavior. It cannot be concluded at this time that media violence presents a significant public health risk.”
"Publication bias was a problem for studies of aggressive behavior, and methodological problems such as the use of poor aggression measures inflated effect size."
Ex: October 14th 1992, a little boy named "Tommy Jones" set his trailer home on fire, killing his little sister. This incident was wronged blamed by news reporters on the airing of a violent TV show featuring a child who played with fire. In reality, the child never saw this show and violent media was not the cause. The Role of Media in Mass Murder
(Newtown & Aurora) "There is little evidence that mass homicide perpetrators consume unusual amounts of violent media."
-2002 report by the U.S. Secret Service (Ferguson) Barbara Araya
Julia Shoop Violence in the World Has Not Changed International Views on TV Violence Norway:
On October 26, 1994, a five year old girl was shot and killed by her playmates. The Wilmington Morning Star claimed this incident occurred due to children watching violent cartoons. Albert Bandura •Cognitive psychologist – often regarded as the greatest living psychologist
•Social Learning Theory: Bandura suggested that behavior is learned from the environment through a process of observational learning
This process involves several steps: attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation
1961 Bobo Doll experiment - 36 children observed to determine how they imitated modeled behavior towards a "Bobo Doll" - viewing aggression caused aggression
Experiment flaws: March 21st, 2013 TV Violence Does Not Cause Violence • The world is not more violent now then it was 500 or 1000 years ago. In many places of the world, it is less violent. The violent movies mirror the culture, rather than influence it.
•Violence is a part of human nature, and violence would exist even if there wasn't any violence in the media.
•There are number of factors that can increase violent crime levels: demographic trends, poverty, access to handguns, the changes in social structure. Rate of serious violent crimes by youth perpetrators ages 12–17, 1980–2010 (Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics) Children's Television Act 1990 “There is no good evidence that watching mock violence in the media either causes or even influences people to become violent”
-Pulitzer prize-winning science author Richard Rhodes Canada:
Virginie Larivière started a petition to restrict television after her sister was murdered. After gaining support and attention, a study began and stretched from 1993 to 2001. This study analyzed the major TV stations and found a slight correlation between violence on TV and acts of violence, but none of the results took the situation into account. Bibliography "Exposure to violence on screen had no influence on viewer empathy for victims of real violence."
-Texas A&M International University Study (Ramos) Bineham, Jeffrey L. "MinnPost." MinnPost. N.p., Mar.-Apr. 2013. Web. 18 Mar. 2013. <http://www.minnpost.com/community-voices/2013/03/how-does-media-violence-influence-us>. “Bandura suggested that we should distinguish clearly between the acquisition of aggressive responses and the performance of aggressive acts: observation of modeling is sufficient for aggressive behavior to be learned, but reinforcement is necessary for aggressive acts to be actually performed.”
Source: http://users.aber.ac.uk/dgc/Documents/short/tv-violence_and_kids.html Ramos, Raul A., Christopher J. Ferguson, Kelly Frailing, and Maria Romero-Ramirez."Comfortably
Numb or Just Yet Another Movie? Media Violence." Psychology of Popular Media Culture 2.1 (2013): n. pag. American Psychological Association. Web. Mar. 2013.
A study was conducted with 4222 schoolchildren to see the affects of media violence on their inclinations to commit violent crimes, but the large amount of variables made the results unclear. The restrictions have been called for by Swiss Pro Juventute, a youth organization that feels the need to protect their kids from TV. "America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2012." Childstats.gov.
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 2011. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. •children at home don’t focus as closely on the screen
•the programs are often untypical of children's usual viewing
•the focus in the lab is on immediate or short-term influence - unrealistic
•they often watch with siblings or friends, whose reactions are important; children's normal viewing is often mediated by parents
•experimenters may effectively encourage aggression, offering unintended cues
•children normally make distinctions between 'fantasy' violence (like towards a doll) and actual interpersonal violence
•it is difficult to generalize about how representative the children are Fergusen, Christopher J. "Don’t Blame Batman for the Aurora Shooting." Ideas Dont Blame
Batman for the Aurora Shooting Comments. Time Magazine, 20 July 2012. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. Freedman, Jonathan L. Media Violence and Its Effect on Aggression: Assessing the
Scientific Evidence. Toronto: University of Toronto, 2002 Ferguson, Christopher J., and John Kilburn. "The Public Health Risks of Media Violence: A
Meta-Analytic Review." The Journal of Pediatrics 154.5 (2009): 759-63. Capper, Scott. Youth Organization Combats Media Violence. Swissinfo.ch. 20 Sept 2010. Web. 12 Mar 2012. <http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/Home/Archive/Youth_organisation_combats_media_violence.html?cid=6156538.> Kuntsche, Emmanuel. Hostility Among Adolescents in Switzerland? Multivariate
Relations between Excessive Media Use and Forms of Violence. Journal of
Adolescent Health. 2 May 2003. Web. 12 Mar 2012. <http://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X%2803%2900266-0/abstract .> Paquette, Guy. Violence on Canadian TV Networks. The Canadian Academy of Child and
Adolescent Psychiatry. Feb 2004. Web. 12 Mar 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2533816/.> - Regulations have taken away from the diversity of Children's television programs - Traditional educational ideas were lost to meet the requirements of the act. - Local broadcasting stations abandoned their own educational programs and filled the time with purchased programs that fit the standards of the act. - Most broadcasting stations use the act as a bar, meeting the minimum requirements to save money. - Some argue that the children's television act has taken away television programs that have been passed down over generations. Especially programs that have served as a learning tool for most young children in the past. http://transition.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Mass_Media/Factsheets/kidstv.txt
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA217628977&v=2.1&u=mlin_m_medhs&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w Does society represent television, or does television represent society? • Plato believed that all artwork was representative of life.
• Media and art often targets certain demographics making it seem as if certain people are influenced by different shows etc…
• People identify with television which proves that art must imitate life.
• The only divide from reality occurs when stations must steal the target audience from a competing network.
• Studies show that people sympathize with struggling characters and those that face crime or violence.
• Regardless of the amount of violence portrayed in a situation, no one wants to root for the bad guy.
• “Seeing a character broken down to their very essence on screen like that unarguably does leave a feeling of deep sympathy within the viewer.
Hasn’t violence always been in society? In Sixteenth-century Paris, cats would be hoisted over a burning fire as a form of entertainment for the village.
"Violence has been in decline over long stretches of history, and today we are probably living in the most peaceful moment of our species' time on earth."
Because violence events of the past have been suppressed from memory, often we see any up rise no matter how small to be an extreme outbreak of violence. We have become so censored to violence that when we are presented with uncommon violence it seems like a bigger deal.
Violence dates back to the days of Jesus and the creation of the Bible, violence is part of society and always will be.
"...at least 80% of people have fantasized about killing someone they don't like. And modern humans still take pleasure in viewing violence..." Bibliography (continued) Inouveau. "Menu." Inouveau Photography. N.p., 5 Jan. 2012. Web. 24 Mar.
Mishra, Apoorva. "Collegiate Times." TV Reflects What Society Accepts. N.p.,
30 Nov. 2009. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://www.collegiatetimes.com/stories/14738/tv-reflects-what-society-accepts>.
Pinker, Steven. "Edge: A HISTORY OF VIOLENCE By Steven Pinker." Edge: A
HISTORY OF VIOLENCE By Steven Pinker. Edge Foundation, 19 Mar. 2007. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://edge.org/3rd_culture/pinker07/pinker07_index.html>.
Anderson, Kerby. "Violence in Society." Violence in Society. Probe
Ministries, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://leaderu.com/orgs/probe/docs/violence.html>.