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Jurisdiction & 3 Tier Court Systems
Transcript of Jurisdiction & 3 Tier Court Systems
3 TIER COURT SYSTEMS
"The power of a court to hear a particular case."
SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
Power of the court to hear a particular subject, topic, or area of law.
Power of the court to render a decision over a particular defendant.
Court must have BOTH to hear a case
ORIGINAL v. APPELLATE JURISDICTION
LIMITED v. GENERAL JURISDICTION
Jurisdiction as a Description
Hears it first
Reviews prior decision
Limited case types
REQUIRED TO PROCEED
Court of Original Jurisdiction
Evidence Presented: Testimony/Physical Evidence
Courts of Record: Transcripts/Docket/Open to Public
Decides Legal Disputes (Law v. Fact)
Court of Appellate Jurisdiction
No evidence presented
Reviews record, briefs, & oral arguments
Mandatory appellate jurisdiction
Power to affirm, reverse, modify, & remand
Panels not en banc
Court of appellate jurisdiction
Limited original jurisdiction
Issues of law only
Record, briefs, & oral arguments
Discretionary appellate jurisdiction
Last chance court
Court sits en banc