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Florida's Role in the Civil War
Transcript of Florida's Role in the Civil War
When Florida became a United States territory in 1845 people began to migrate Florida. By the mid 1845 the population became approximately 140,000. Of 140,000 people 63,000 of the people were of African American descent. Because, Florida was a slave state most of the African American population were slaves. The states economy was based upon agriculture and cattle farms. When the northerner Abraham Lincoln become president, on November 6th, 1860, he quickly began discussing on banning slavery in the United States. In 1861, six states including Florida seceded from the United States government and founded the Confederate States of America.
The Effects of War Breaking Out
On April 12, 1861, when the confederate artillery opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor the Civil War begun. The two major reasons for the war were the beliefs that people should be able to own slaves and if state's should have their own rights. Whole families were torn apart when the men or boys were enlisted in war. When people did not believe that their 'side' of the fighting was right they would switch sides making that sometimes cousins or even brothers were made to fight against each other. Thousands of Floridians fought in the war. 14,000 joined the Confederacy and 2,000 joined the Union army.
"Supplier of the Confederacy"
Most of the fighting that went on didn't occur in Florida although there were two major battles and several skirmishes. The Union took advantage of their ships and made a blockade to block the flow of supply's and to occupy Florida's ports. The ports they occupied were St. Augustine, Jacksonville, Key West and Pensacola. The blockage made it unable to take part in its sea trading. Although, the Union didn't do the best of job blocking the ports because smaller ships could slip through in the dark of night. This continued to supply the Confederate earning Florida the title "Supplier of the Confederacy".
What they Supplied
Because most people in Florida worked in agriculture and the raising of cattle they sent crops and meat to the troops. Florida was also a big producer of salt they would also sent salt to the troops. This was so important at the time due to the lack of refrigeration because salt will preserve meat.
How Many Were in the War?
14,000 fought in the Confederacy army.
2,000 fought in the Union army.
Some ran to the woods and the swamps to avoid enlistment.
5,000 died during the war.
If we had one penny for each lost life in the revolutionary war it would reach 875 feet tall.
Overall Florida didn't take a major part in the Civil War. Although some think that the Civil War actually started here it hasn't been proven. Florida's main part in the war was to supply the confederate troops during the war so they could maintain their armies.
Table of Contents
1. Title Page
2. Table of Contents
3. Background Information
4. The Effects of War Breaking Out
5. "Supplier of the Confederacy"
6. What they Supplied
7. How Many Were in the War?
8. Civil War Battles in Florida: Fort Pickens
9. Civil War Battles in Florida: The Tampa Incident
10. Civil War Battles in Florida: The Battle of Olustee
11. Civil War Battles in Florida: The Battle of Olustee - Continued
12. Civil War Battles in Florida: The "Cow Cavalry"
Now do that 13,998 more times to reach one penny for each death.
Civil War Battles in Florida: Fort Pickens
Civil War Battles in Florida:
The Tampa Incident
Civil War Battles in Florida:
The Battle of Olustee
Of the 11,000 that were fighting their 3,000 were killed, that's a 27% chance of dying.
Civil War Battles in Florida:
The "Cow Cavalry"
In the beginning of 1861 their was a scrimmage between the Union and Confederacy. When Florida succeeded from the Union some remaining Union troops remained in Fort Pickens. Some Confederacy demanded that they should leave immediately because Florida was now a Confederate state. The Union troops wouldn't leave so in effect of the union troops actions a standoff lasted over several months. Battles continued throughout the early part of 1862 but finally in May confederate troops withdrew and the yearlong standoff ended. The Union occupied Fort Pickens for the rest of the war. To some, this is thought to be the actual beginning of the war to some.
On June 30, 1862 a small boat of Union soldiers attacked Tampa Bay, which was being held by a small confederate militia called the "Osceola Rangers", and demanded that should surrender to the Union. The Rangers refused so in return the Union begun to fire at the fort. The Union troops continued most of the next day but stopped that night. The next day the Union troops withdrew luckily without any causalities on either sides.
February 20, 1864: One year after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed, the largest Civil War battle in Florida happened. The Battle of Olustee lasted for six hours in the woods close to Olustee station. The Union army headded inward from the coastline in order to cut off supply lines to the Confederates. They looked for African American troops to get along the way. The Confedate troops were the victors although the battle was one of the bloodiest in all the civil war. Of the 11,000 that were fighting their 3,000 were killed, thats a 27% chance of dying.
Small militia groups made of farmers were formed to protect the inner part of Florida. They were called the "Cow Cavalry". The Cow Cavalry helped protect the main roads of Florida that the confederacy needed so that they could be supplied through Florida's beef, pork, fish, and fruit.