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Qin Dynasty 221-206 BC
Transcript of Qin Dynasty 221-206 BC
Qin Shi Huangdi was determined to reunite China
He believed the goal of government was to meet the needs of the nation, not the citizens
He ran an authoritarian government from his capital city, Xianyang
Authoritarian government is one in which a ruler has total control and power
Huangdi's first action was replacing the territories with military districts
He ordered all noble families to move to the capital where they could be watched
Then, he divided their lands among the peasants
Respect the Nobles?
The first emperor did not favor the nobles
All Chinese people, regardless of their social class, paid high taxes to support the ruler's armies and projects
Strict laws were made and enforced
Anyone who broke a law was harshly punished
Disagree = torture or killed
The westernmost territory in the Zhou Dynasty
One of the last dynasties to survive the wars
Zheng, the Qin leader, drove his armies east and captured other territories in his path
In 221 B.C., Zheng founded the Qin Dynasty
The Final Days of the Qin Dynasty
Qin Shi Huangdi died in 210 B.C.
His son became the Second Emperor
Revolts broke out in all regions of the empire
Eventually, the Second Emperor was murdered
Liu Bang, a peasant leader, came to power and established a new dynasty --> the Han Dynasty
221 - 206 B.C.
Brought unity to China
Introduced a set of coins
System of weights and measures
Repaired damaged roads and extended the canal system
Huangdi had no use for learning
He ordered that books be burned, including Zhou court records and copies of all literary books
Fortunately, scholars were able to hide many books
Terra Cotta Soldiers
The Great Wall
Under the Zhou, many territories built high walls to protect their land against invaders
Hunagdi ordered the walls be joined to form a "Great Wall"
Workers were forced to work under harsh conditions and many died
The task was not completed in the emperor's lifetime