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Temperate Rainforest

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Samantha Rud

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Temperate Rainforest

Table of Contents What is the Temperate Rainforest? Abiotic & Biotic Factors Plant & Animal Adaptations Threats & Conservation Where is it? Temperate Climate Zone
Northwestern coast of North America, southern Chile, New Zealand, Australia, and some parts of the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and Japan.
In addition, the temperate rainforest biomes are relatively located around warm water regions. Temperate rainforests are biomes located in the temperate climate zone with a vast variety of coniferous trees and a heavy amount of rainfall. The Temperate Rainforest Cover Page - 1 Bibliography - 21 Test Questions - 10-20 Threats and Conservation - 9 Plant and Animal Adaptions - 8 -Abiotic Factors - 6 Abiotic & Biotic Factors - 5 Where - 4 What - 3 Table of Contents - 2 Test Questions Abiotic Avg. Rainfall: 250+ cm per year
Temperature correlates with the amount of rain; the more rain in the summer, the warmer the temperature and the more rain in the winter, the colder the temperature.
The overall climate is of mild temperature, hence the name, "temperate." There are very rare occasions on which the temperature exceeds or drops below the norm.
Soil Quality: the soil of the temperate rainforest is very rich and high in nutrients; the different types include: decomposing soil, root mats, eroding soil, and nurse logs
Sunlight is a very vital abiotic factor in this ecosystem. Without it, there would essentially be no life. The most sunlight is exposed to the taller, larger trees and plants located in the top layer of the rainforest. This is due to luscious foliage of the vegetation that blocks out the ability of sunlight to penetrate. Therefore, less and less sunlight is able to get through to the bottom layers of the biome. Animals: animals such as bears, wolves, raccoons, and eagles live in the temperate rainforests of America, Europe, and Asia, while more exotic animals like wombats, kangaroos, possums, and wallabies live in these biomes of Australia and New Zealand.
Plants: evergreen conifers, ferns, douglas-firs, spruces, and redwoods flourish this biome.
Fungi: different kinds of fungi such as the Orange Peel, Chanterelle, and Rosy Gomphidius are found all throughout the temperate rainforest.
Protists: the temperate rainforest consists of many protists such as the dinoflagellata, ciliate, and sporozoa.
Bacteria: there is a very small variety of bacteria in the temperate forest, but those that exist here include Pathogens, Francisella, and Endospores. These bacteria play a key role in this ecosystem as prominent decomposers. By: Dorna Mansouri & Samantha Rud -Biotic Factors- 7 Answer: Answer: Answer: Answer: Answer: Presentation Plan- 22 Bibliography Presentation Plan Biotic What climate zone is the temperate rainforest located in? C. Temperate Zone What is the soil like in the temperate rainforest? D. Rich and high in nutrients How much rainfall does the temperate rainforest get per year on average? B. 250 cm per year C. Decomposers What is the temperate rainforest? B. A biome located in the temperate climate zone with a vast variety of coniferous trees and a heavy amount of rainfall. We used Prezi for our project on the temperate rainforest. We wanted to do the project on a rainforest, but it didn't really matter which rainforest so we just the temperate rainforest. Then we chose to make a Prezi, and decided on this template to use because it represents a forest with the tree and the grass. Next, we started planning out what would go where and then started putting information in the different slides. We made our presentation fit all of the information needed with some extra bits and pieces of facts. We also made sure that our presentation is neat, organized, and follows all the requirements listed on the rubric. Plants
Trees in the biome have adapted to grow thick bark to protect themselves from the harsh winter and parasitic fungi.
Vines in the temperate rainforest have adapted receiving sunlight for photosynthesis by becoming thigmotrophic, attaching to trees in the biome.
Animals
Due to the high rainfall, animals in the temperate rainforest have adapted to grow larger, thicker coats to protect themselves from the moisture. This adaptation also keeps the animals warm in the cold winters.
Deer have much shorter antlers than deer in other biomes so they can freely and easily through the immense foliage. Threats Conservation Man-Made
Timber cutting is the number one threat to the temperate rainforest. So many forests have aready been cut down and destroyed for timber, especially in Canada, making it more and more difficult for the indigenous species to have a home. Additionally, acid rain caused by nearby industries greatly damages the leaves of trees in the biomes, resulting in less production of seeds and less resistance to disease, pests, and frost.
Natural
There is a cause-and-effect relationship between some of the natural and man-made threats to the biome. Because of the great amount of timber cutting, soil erosion occurs and causes much of the dead and toxic nutrients and pollution to be swept through the biome, exposing many animal species to disease and even death. This also leads to the endangerment of many animal species. the arrival of non-native plant and animal species also threatens the temperate rainforest because it disrupts the balance of the ecosystem. It causes unnecessary competition for food and habitat space, greatly threatening the native species. One thing humans can do to help preserve the temperate rainforest is recycle. Because trees are used to make paper and paper products, it is extremely beneficial to the ecosystem that people recycle so that not as many trees will have to be cut down.
Also, carpooling is very helpful in conserving the biome. Car exhaust is a leading cause of acid rain, destroying the beautiful foliage of the plants and trees. Walking or riding your bike to school is another beneficial alternative that not only keeps the temperate rainforest healthy, but also keeps you healthy. Work Cited
Baskauf, Steve. “Temperate Rainforest.” Photograph. Vanderbilt. Island Press, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.

Edwards, Jason. “Tarkine Wilderness Area.” Photograph. National Geographic. National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.

Leen, Sarah. “Hoh River Valley Rainforest.” Photograph. National Geographic. National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.

Nowicki, Stephen. “Biology.” McDougal Littell, 2008. Print.

“The Temperate Rainforest.” Marietta College. n.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.

“Temperate Rainforest Biome.” Temperate Rainforest. n.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.

“Temperate Rainforests and their Soil Types.” eHow. Demand Media Inc., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.

“Temperate Rainforests.” World Builders. n.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. A. The Tropical Zone
B. The Polar Zone
C. The Temperate Zone
D. All Zones A. Dry and not full of nutrients
B. Dry and full of nutrients
C. Fertile
D. Rich and high in nutrients A. 100 cm per year
B. 250 cm per year
C. 1000 cm per year
D. 65 cm per year A. Producers
B. Heterotrophs
C. Decomposers
D. None of the above A. A biome in the tropical climate zone with a variety of trees and animals and other organisms
B. A biome located in the temperate climate zone with a vast variety of coniferous trees and a heavy amount of rainfall.
C. A biome in the polar climate zone that is very dry
D. None of the above What role does bacteria play in the temperate rainforest?
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